Main definitions of inca in English

: inca1Inca2

inca1

noun

  • A South American hummingbird having mainly blackish or bronze-colored plumage with one or two white breast patches.

    • ‘To stay warm, Inca doves (Columbina inca) form groups of up to 12 and stand on each other's backs.’

Pronunciation

inca

/ˈiNGkə/

Main definitions of inca in English

: inca1Inca2

Inca2

noun

  • 1A member of a South American people living in the central Andes before the Spanish conquest.

    • ‘The brewery may be the oldest large-scale facility of its kind ever found in the Andes and predates the Inca Empire by at least four centuries, he said.’
    • ‘The Andes, home of the Incas, remain predominantly Indian, the language Quechua spoken more often than Spanish.’
    • ‘Even the sophisticated imperial systems built up by the Aztecs in central Mexico or by the Incas in the Andes proved unable to offer effective military resistance to Spanish assaults.’
    • ‘The Incas in South America followed a similar strategy and built 5,230 km of road running from north to south across 35 degrees of latitude.’
    • ‘First graders learn about Native Americans, second graders study the Caribbean, third graders learn of the Incas and South America, and fourth and fifth graders focus on the Mayan and Aztec cultures.’
    • ‘Archaeological and anthropological evidence suggests that the sun was also deified by other ancient civilizations including the Druids, Aztecs, Incas and American Indians.’
    • ‘Their Aymara and Quechua roots go back to the Inca Empire that was conquered by the Spanish conquistadors 500 years ago.’
    • ‘The Inca, Maya and Aztec cultures all had advanced metallurgy by the time the Spanish arrived.’
    • ‘In 1534, the Spanish arrived and defeated the Inca armies, and Spanish colonists became the new elite.’
    • ‘Donning replicas of Inca tunics, rather than contemporary Andean garb, Quechua Indians reenact the Inca sun-worshiping ceremony.’
    • ‘After the conquest of the Incas, Peru's capital, Lima, became the center of Spain's colonial power structure in the Americas.’
    • ‘Not like the Inca or Aztec civilizations, Colombian Indians lived in a more compact area.’
    • ‘The Incas conquered the central valley in the 15th century, and their communications network included a road from Cuzco to Quito, which they set up as their regional capital.’
    • ‘Sheridan's Pizarro opens in 1534, with the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro waging a war of conquest against the Inca Empire of Peru.’
    • ‘The combination of the setting and the architecture is sublime and the best description I know is, appropriately, in John Hemming's classic, The Conquest of the Incas.’
    • ‘The vast Inca wealth made the Andes a target of intense exploration and exploitation.’
    • ‘After the Spanish conquest, greedy colonialists began plundering the Inca's realm.’
    • ‘The potato was originally grown by the Incas in Central and South America, and was brought to Europe in the 16th century by the explorers of the time.’
    • ‘In that year, the conquest of the Incas in Peru gave the Spaniards strategic positions in the north and south for the subjugation and colonization of Colombia.’
    • ‘A myth of the early Incas and other Indians was that a bearded white man had come to teach the Indians and would return.’
  • 2The supreme ruler of the Inca.

    • ‘The ordinary judges gave a monthly account of the sentences they imposed to their superiors, and they in turn reported to their immediate superiors, and so on finally to the Inca or those of his Supreme Council.’
    • ‘The Inca reigned as absolute monarch, but his will reached the common man only through the local chiefs, whose authority and privileges were maintained, if not reinforced.’

Origin

The name in Quechua, literally ‘lord, royal person’.

Pronunciation

Inca

/ˈiNGkə//ˈɪŋkə/