Definition of improvise in English:

improvise

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Create and perform (music, drama, or verse) spontaneously or without preparation.

    no object ‘he was improvising to a backing of guitar chords’
    ‘the ability to improvise operatic arias in any given style’
    • ‘Seemingly improvised banter is shared across a table as Jarmusch urges us to sit back and watch the magic unfold.’
    • ‘Clark says audiences are more open to improvised music than people think.’
    • ‘Sometimes improvised music seems like a selfish display of skills.’
    • ‘Oh well, perhaps some ballets possibly do look as though the dancers were gallantly improvising.’
    • ‘A very rough treatment was written, but most of the film was improvised on the spot.’
    • ‘Poulenc composed essentially by improvising at the piano.’
    • ‘We continued to let the music swell and move, and began to improvise, creating our own music.’
    • ‘How much of the plot and the scenes were improvised by the ensemble?’
    • ‘At many of these events, advanced students spontaneously improvise solos or duets based on a theme given by audience members.’
    • ‘The dialogue was improvised entirely by the actors, and the cinematography is entirely static.’
    • ‘The teacher improvises at the piano during the games, but suggestions are given for compositions that could be played.’
    • ‘Cassavetes also sometimes includes partially improvised scenes in the finished film.’
    • ‘He improvised the music from the feelings he had and then he reintroduced the text.’
    • ‘In freely improvised music, its roots are in occasion rather than place.’
    • ‘Working with these gags in mind, the performers still retain the freedom to completely improvise the dialogue.’
    • ‘Was there a script, or was the plot mostly improvised during shooting?’
    • ‘He was encouraged to improvise around a script.’
    • ‘The dialogue was mostly improvised yet feels natural and unforced.’
    • ‘What are the pros and cons of having the cast improvising around the scripts?’
    • ‘The studios have pianists and sometimes drummers or other musicians who improvise as the dancers dance.’
    extemporize, ad lib, speak impromptu, make it up as one goes along, think on one's feet, take it as it comes
    impromptu, improvisational, improvisatory, unrehearsed, unprepared, unscripted, extempore, extemporized, spontaneous, unstudied, unpremeditated, unarranged, unplanned, on the spot, ad lib
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Produce or make (something) from whatever is available.
      ‘I improvised a costume for myself out of an old blue dress’
      • ‘Their son, who is five, is able to improvise a whole range of superheroes from whatever is lying around the house.’
      • ‘To go with it, I decided to use up a couple of nectarines that were laying around, and I improvised a little tart.’
      • ‘At other locations protesters were seen digging up cobbles to throw at police and several tried to pull down fences to make improvised weapons.’
      • ‘So many American troops and others have been killed by those improvised explosive devices.’
      • ‘The insurgents who were there have vanished, leaving improvised explosive devices buried everywhere.’
      • ‘There will surely be more of these improvised intra-European coalitions of the willing.’
      • ‘In Kindamba he improvised a splint from palm branches and asked a carpenter to make another, around which tarpaulin would be wrapped.’
      • ‘So Bob improvised his meals based off whatever he could find being cooked on the line, or stored in the icebox.’
      • ‘On the streets youngsters improvise toys, carving tin cars from US AID containers, or play skittles with empty shells cases.’
      • ‘In most cases, soldiers improvised solutions to keep the offensive rolling.’
      • ‘This was somewhat unexpected so I improvised a torch from my shirt and a tree branch.’
      • ‘Stopped by a police officer, Page had to improvise an accent.’
      • ‘Jack knows how to improvise solutions from the materials at hand, although he's a better engineer than he is a social psychologist.’
      • ‘Overtaken by the darkness, he had thrown his force into some of the houses and improvised a sort of fort.’
      • ‘If the ground is frozen solid, you improvise ways to drive a tent stake deep enough…’
      • ‘A tiny girl outdid them all by improvising a skirt from her brawny boyfriend's wind-cheater, with the collar zipped smugly round her waist and the sleeves turned inwards, the cuffs dangling well below the hemline!’
      • ‘They're living without power so they're lighting candles at night, they're smoking, some are improvising their cooking.’
      • ‘The neighborhood carpenter would improvise a coffin with wood that sometimes came off of somebody's wall or chicken coup.’
      • ‘People improvised large-scale meals out of food that might otherwise have spoiled and fed entire streets.’
      • ‘And thus ends my hastily improvised day, which I couldn't have planned any better.’
      contrive, devise, throw together, cobble together, concoct, rig, jury-rig, put together
      makeshift, thrown together, cobbled together, devised, rigged, jury-rigged, rough and ready, make-do, emergency, stopgap, temporary, short-term, pro tem
      View synonyms

Origin

Early 19th century (earlier ( late 18th century) as improvisation): from French improviser or its source, Italian improvvisare, from improvviso ‘extempore’, from Latin improvisus ‘unforeseen’, based on provisus, past participle of providere ‘make preparation for’.

Pronunciation

improvise

/ˈimprəˌvīz//ˈɪmprəˌvaɪz/