Definition of implicature in US English:



  • 1The action of implying a meaning beyond the literal sense of what is explicitly stated, e.g., saying the frame is nice and implying I don't like the picture in it.

    • ‘It seems to me that virtually all jokes are based on implicature, too.’
    • ‘But on the other hand, what is said can be notoriously elusive - especially in just those cases that the theory of conversational implicature was supposed to illuminate.’
    • ‘The so-called discourse implicature refers to the intention of interlocutors inferred in verbal expressions, textual versions or non-verbal behavior that are rooted on specific cultural awareness.’
    • ‘In saying ‘Some dogs are mammals,’ the speaker conveys by implicature that not all dogs are mammals.’
    • ‘This is all implicature, and the shared understanding of the potential communication example means you should avoid situations which could annoy people.’
    1. 1.1 A meaning so implied.
      • ‘I'd say that conversational implicatures should be those that are generated in roughly Gricean fashion, and that not all of these are cancelable.’
      • ‘There's still a false implicature, because it's said to be ‘the rule of thumb if you don't have a calculator’ not ‘the rule of thumb if you don't know whether the two teams are in the same division’.’
      • ‘In this paper I want to argue that there are major problems for reducing Gricean pragmatics to these two principles, and that, in fact, we'd better account for implicatures in terms of the principles of optimal relevance and optimal coding.’
      • ‘Overall, these findings indicate that children do not treat all scalar terms alike and, more importantly, that children's ability to derive scalar implicatures is affected by their awareness of the goal of the task.’
      • ‘This work is also relevant to the treatment of scalar implicatures in the reasoning literature.’