Definition of immersion in US English:



  • 1The action of immersing someone or something in a liquid.

    ‘his back was still raw from immersion in the icy Atlantic Ocean’
    • ‘The expert said that in his opinion the blood-staining evidence would seem to be against the scenario supposed of a nosebleed and of immersion in bath water.’
    • ‘I learned later that the wings had been constructed from fabric on an all-wood frame, all of which had disappeared after 60 years' immersion.’
    • ‘The techniques most commonly used for rapid cooling are cold water immersion and evaporative cooling.’
    • ‘Alternatively, immersion in a warm bath has a soothing effect.’
    • ‘He showed how terrestrial animals such as snails can survive immersion even in salt water by forming a hard membranous diaphragm over the mouth of the shell.’
    • ‘If sailing, windsurfing or undertaking any other activity likely to involve accidental immersion, wear clothing that is loose fitting.’
    • ‘However, if by accident someone falls into icy water or down a crevasse and is only rescued after rapid hypothermia has set in, the person is best treated by rapid immersion in a hot bath of water at 108°F.’
    • ‘However, powdered saffron does not require liquid immersion to explode into color.’
    • ‘The major challenge was to design a tub deep enough for immersion - allowing for some overflow - yet low enough to take advantage of the garden views.’
    • ‘The patient described having used ‘positive thinking’ while holding her hands in warm water and that she had become able to do this even without the aid of warm water immersion.’
    • ‘A short film suggesting eco-friendly alternatives to immersion in lakes is being screened too.’
    • ‘These include the amount of sunscreen applied, how it is spread over the skin, resistance to water immersion and sand abrasion and when and how often sunscreen is reapplied.’
    • ‘Animals have been recovered from this state after immersion in liquid helium, absolute alcohol, brine, and ether.’
    • ‘It means ‘to cook by immersion in hot liquid or steam’.’
    • ‘The volume of air may be adjusted to provide more or less immersion for the entire body, for specific sections, or even for individual chambers or cells.’
    • ‘In general, dye that is designed for water immersion must be rinsed repeatedly to remove the excess.’
    • ‘Heatstroke is a medical emergency that should be treated immediately with temperature-lowering techniques such as immersion in an ice bath or evaporative cooling.’
    • ‘Most fluid-filled products permit a high degree of immersion, allowing the body to sink into the surface as the surface conforms to bony prominences.’
    • ‘The procedure involves the propagation of detached roots on agar plates and the collection of root hairs by immersion in liquid nitrogen.’
    • ‘With the data adjusted for the small air losses suffered on water immersion, a more accurate picture of radial air distribution in the fruit emerged.’
    plunge, ducking, dunking
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    1. 1.1 Deep mental involvement.
      ‘his immersion in Jewish culture’
      • ‘Once on campus, some find that the compressed time frame and residential setting of many programs allow for deeper immersion in study and in prayer than is possible during weekend or night classes.’
      • ‘A question arises for us at this juncture - can a different kind of work be done that involves immersion in an educational culture of digital technologies?’
      • ‘His head rocked arrhythmically from side to side, eyes glazed with the idiot stare of deep immersion.’
      • ‘It is more than sonic sound-bathing; it is deeply resonant immersion of mind, body and soul.’
      • ‘Despite his deep immersion in politics up until this moment, he felt relieved to be an ordinary twenty-year-old for once.’
      • ‘He enjoys his mental immersion, so he doesn't need the acclaim.’
      • ‘As far as yoga students are concerned, holding a pose for a period of time requires subtraction of the outer world, total awareness of the whole body and total immersion of the mind in the pose in the absence of judgment.’
      • ‘This is a stage of immersion into the two cultures.’
      • ‘The sound effects provide a good sense of immersion, but with the graphics lagging a bit behind, I was mildly disappointed.’
      • ‘For older children who don't have these challenges to reading, it is a time of pure indulgence - total immersion in the moment and in the attention of the mentor who is reading to them.’
      • ‘But, as often happens, involvement soon became immersion and by the time they established the company, I had been working with the project for two months and was heavily involved.’
      • ‘From beginning to end, the 16 players demonstrated a discipline, sense of tension and immersion in the music many other ensembles could learn from.’
      • ‘There is content analysis and deep immersion in particular communities over time.’
      • ‘If the rules are nonsensical (or worse, impossible to understand), then the mind jumps away from the game and the sense of immersion disappears.’
      • ‘I closed my eyes to get the best effect, but the front-of-house people should consider offering sleep masks to aid the audience's immersion in the event.’
      • ‘And so the state respects our self-determination not by enabling us to stand back from our social roles, but by encouraging a deeper immersion in and understanding of them, as the politics of the common good seeks to accomplish.’
      • ‘Considering your lengthy immersion in classical music, what propelled you into avant-garde performance?’
      • ‘A good story and setting can create an immersion that even superior technology cannot match.’
      • ‘But the final move in this introductory immersion in epistemology is to notice what happens when we go beyond the apple.’
      • ‘There is no doubt that Darwin's deep immersion in natural theology at Cambridge did him a great service.’
      intentness, raptness, involvement, engrossment, occupation, engagement, preoccupation, captivation, monopolization
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    2. 1.2 A method of teaching a foreign language by the exclusive use of that language, usually at a special school.
      • ‘On the other hand, students enrolled in the Irish immersion program related language use to the native Irish speaking communities.’
      • ‘Over the last thirty years there has been a dramatic increase in the number of dual language or two-way immersion programs.’
      • ‘A total of 142 high school students who were enrolled in two-way immersion programs when they were in elementary school participated in the study.’
      • ‘In a structured English immersion classroom, the teacher begins and maintains instruction in English.’
      • ‘One teacher told us that a dual immersion program was the only Spanish language instruction left in her district, and the waiting list was long.’
      • ‘We have one table with English immersion teachers and those who are still teaching bilingual education.’
      • ‘Funding dual language immersion programs and transportation programs that shuttle students between school districts can also promote school integration.’
      • ‘This indigenous language immersion program was established as an attempt to revive Hawaiian after a century-long ban on the language was lifted.’
      • ‘The program was a language immersion program designed to increase students' skills in Navajo.’
      • ‘She had been learning the language by immersion into the culture.’
      • ‘The stipulation that immersion teachers know the home language of students was also presented in a subsequent review by Rossell and Baker, discussed later in the present article.’
      • ‘But she notes that a cousin of hers was traumatized by the immersion method of language instruction.’
      • ‘One of the most important resources of any language immersion program is its teachers.’
      • ‘The mostly white middle class parents in the Elm school district community were vocal proponents of the bilingual dual immersion program.’
      • ‘English immersion provides almost exclusive instruction in English with the intent of mainstreaming students after one year.’
      • ‘It restricts instruction to English only and holds that English language learners must receive instruction in English immersion programs for a maximum of one year.’
      • ‘This article focuses specifically on language minority students in bilingual immersion programs.’
      • ‘Teachers were recruited by contacting the principal or head immersion teacher at each school site.’
      • ‘Plays, French films, or foreign language immersion were usually enough to get him away for the weekend.’
      • ‘We were packing up our daughter Hannah to head off by plane to her second summer at a camp program focusing on foreign language immersion.’
    3. 1.3 Baptism by immersing a person bodily (but not necessarily completely) in water.
      • ‘At the time of this man's death, baptism was mostly by immersion, rather than the later practice of anointing, but a spoon might have been presented at the ceremony for later use in communion.’
      • ‘Further, with this requirement Japanese Baptists had to loosen the requirement of believer's baptism by immersion and tolerate various other baptismal traditions.’
      • ‘One Sunday, the Minister was giving a sermon on baptism and in the course of his sermon he was illustrating the fact that baptism should take place by sprinkling and not by immersion.’
      • ‘Some church traditions stress immersion into water; others pour water on a person's head; some sprinkle water on a person.’
      • ‘Baptism is full immersion, and confession involves physical contact in the laying on of the hand.’
      • ‘We got baptised by immersion on the same day - and we have been bathing in the same water ever since.’
      • ‘The first believer's baptism by immersion in Western Canada was conducted in this church a year later.’
      • ‘Perhaps this was the very place where Paulinus, the Christian priest, first preached, before leading the converts to the River Glen for baptism by total immersion.’
      • ‘But this is all secondary to the holy ritual of immersion in the sacred waters.’
      • ‘Likewise, the confession deleted Presbyterian statements regarding infant baptism and added the requirement of a profession of faith along with an emphasis on baptism by immersion.’
      • ‘A living Mormon stands in as proxy for a deceased person, as water baptism by immersion is vicariously performed.’
      • ‘It did not require baptism by immersion as a prerequisite for church membership.’
      • ‘One of the distinguishing characteristics of the Native Baptist church is immersion baptism.’
      • ‘And just after Pastor Hanna's sermon a member of the congregation presented herself for a believer's baptism by full immersion.’
      • ‘Another group named Keithians held many Baptist ideas including baptism by immersion but merged those ideas with some Quaker beliefs.’
      • ‘To them, his baptism by immersion smacked of the fanaticism that revival often seems to bring.’
      • ‘They were to leave that meeting a member of the Elim church after being baptised by immersion along with four of his children.’
      • ‘One witnesses the fasting and the solemn rite of baptism, preferably, by immersion in flowing water.’
      • ‘My first opportunity for believer's baptism in water by immersion came one month later.’
      • ‘But it was not until 1640 that the London Baptists actually abandoned sprinkling and adopted immersion as their preferred symbol of dying and rising with Christ.’
      christening, naming, sprinkling
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    4. 1.4Astronomy rare The disappearance of a celestial body in the shadow of or behind another.
      See also emersion
      • ‘Such terminology may also be used for eclipses and occultations, along with their synonyms immersion and emersion.’
      • ‘You may be able to watch Jupiter disappear - an event known as immersion - without optical aid, though binoculars help.’


Late 15th century: from late Latin immersio(n-), from immergere ‘dip into’ (see immerse).