One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A surgical operation in which a piece of the ileum is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall.
- ‘Mucosal atrophy may result when dietary sources of fatty acids are lacking or when the fecal stream is diverted by an ileostomy or colostomy.’
- ‘This is more common in patients who have not undergone a temporary diverting ileostomy.’
- ‘Until recently, surgical treatment implied permanent ileostomy, a prospect unacceptable to many patients.’
- ‘Total proctocolectomy and ileostomy is the curative surgical treatment for ulcerative colitis.’
- ‘In young children, depending on how much bowel was removed, ileostomy or colostomy is often a temporary condition that can later be reversed with another operation.’
- 1.1 An opening so formed.
- ‘Two weeks later he was admitted for an anterior resection and defunctioning ileostomy.’
- ‘The minimal daily output from an established ileostomy is often as low as 800 milliliters.’
- ‘Typically, patients return to the hospital after approximately three months to have the temporary ileostomy taken down to restore bowel continuity.’
- ‘Diarrhea is more common in patients with ileostomies and proximal colostomies, and patients may not appreciate that fluid outputs are normal in these cases because of the loss of water absorption from the colon.’
- ‘An ileostomy is a surgically formed opening into the lower part of the small intestine (the ileum), which is then brought out through the abdominal wall creating a mouth or opening known as a stoma.’
Late 19th century: from ileum + Greek stoma ‘mouth’.
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