Definition of ideology in US English:

ideology

noun

  • 1A system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.

    ‘the ideology of republicanism’
    • ‘The new party has to be nationalist, built on sound principles of open ideology and economic policies.’
    • ‘He is guided neither by the maxims of a political ideology nor by conspicuous moral principle, but rather by a simple need to retain power.’
    • ‘The Stalinists had played a central role in Nasser's career and in facilitating Nasserism as a political ideology.’
    • ‘Of course, motives, ideals, and ideologies do play a role in political violence.’
    • ‘If I'm a realist, that means I think judges ought to decide cases on the basis of my political ideology.’
    • ‘Economic ideology took a decidedly secondary place, with respect to what they considered as an overriding historical imperative.’
    • ‘Another thing I don't understand is the romantic idea that ‘anarchy’ is a political ideology.’
    • ‘The term Libertarian stands for a political ideology that basis itself on freedom.’
    • ‘All nation-states, whatever their political ideology, have persecuted minorities in the past and many continue to do so today.’
    • ‘He thinks of Europe as being a brake on the ideology of economic unilateralism which is capitalist, conservative and reactionary.’
    • ‘In examining the evidence, one must conclude that Gaullism is neither a doctrine nor a political ideology.’
    • ‘This decision is quite obviously influenced by the political ideology of the political party in power now.’
    • ‘The imposition of any one version of knowledge would be expected to reflect the ideology of the controlling political group.’
    • ‘He does not subscribe to the ideology of any political party.’
    • ‘This position seems quite incompatible with a political ideology that claims ethical and moral superiority.’
    • ‘I have two questions: why are so many people in this thread necessarily equating fascism, a political ideology with one form of fascism?’
    • ‘Multiculturalism is a political ideology that has completely altered the demographic identity of this nation.’
    • ‘Traditionally, the name of a party represents its political ideology and values.’
    • ‘Economic ideology is most strongly predicted by income and other indicators of economic class position.’
    • ‘Finally, a political party is the convergence of a group of people based on their political ideals and ideologies.’
    beliefs, ideas, ideals, principles, doctrine, creed, credo, teaching, dogma, theory, thesis, tenets, canon, canons
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    1. 1.1 The ideas and manner of thinking characteristic of a group, social class, or individual.
      ‘a critique of bourgeois ideology’
      • ‘Well, that's unfair, but at least grounded in ideology and belief.’
      • ‘The emphasis, in line with Mr Howard's ideology, was on individual responsibility.’
      • ‘After 1848, the argument goes, the interested character of bourgeois ideology became apparent.’
      • ‘There will always be a small percentage of religious extremists in any religion, who will simply not tolerate other ideologies or beliefs.’
      • ‘The Nordic sexual culture is characterized by an ideology of gender equality.’
      • ‘Other readings of the text will be based on individuals' contexts and ideologies.’
      • ‘But these social ideologies were united in their underlying belief that economic progress was the way to go.’
      • ‘Moreover, this practice was legitimated through an ideology based on Hellenistic ideals.’
      • ‘There may be a distinction between the professed ideology of a group and the actual beliefs of individual members.’
      • ‘The idea and meaning of self help today embraces an ideology, an ideal, a practice, and a way of life.’
      • ‘In an age when our other beliefs and ideologies were fading away, we could at least believe in UFOs.’
      • ‘Thirdly, the biotechnology policy debates are influenced by the prevailing ideologies of conflicting social domains.’
      • ‘I saw, that whatever the religion, social behaviour was contradictory to their teachings and ideologies.’
      • ‘There were also clearly individuals whose ideologies and policy changed on the assumption of power.’
      • ‘What are the political consequences of an ideology that equates thinness with virtue and fat with vice?’
      • ‘He discusses how the readers of crime fiction are caught up in the middle-class ideologies of the individual.’
      • ‘In a modern state, it is a basic role of the government to protect its citizens irrespective of their ideology and beliefs.’
      • ‘McGuinness has an ideology: it's the tired old bourgeois individualism that he's been hacking around for ages.’
      • ‘Motherly love was glorified within the ideology of the bourgeois family.’
      • ‘It simply means we believe that war is not the way, that life is a gift and that no cause, no belief, no ideology justifies the taking of innocent life.’
      system of belief, set of principles, statement of beliefs, profession of faith
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  • 2archaic The science of ideas; the study of their origin and nature.

    • ‘Jyishu had studied environmental politics and ideology in college, and had spent a brief spell working on the conservation parks in the Amazon.’
    • ‘It was this discipline that he described as ideology - literally, the science of ideas.’
    1. 2.1 Visionary speculation, especially of an unrealistic or idealistic nature.
      • ‘Now the other, perhaps rather obvious point that Jameson raises, is the relation between fantasy and ideology.’
      • ‘We have to resist engagement in the concoction of large inspiriting narratives, because they so easily seduce in fantasy or ideology.’

Origin

Late 18th century (in ideology (sense 2)): from French idéologie, from Greek idea ‘form, pattern’ + -logos (denoting discourse or compilation).

Pronunciation