One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Each of the twelfth pair of cranial nerves, supplying the muscles of the tongue.
- ‘The hypoglossal nerve has been reported to carry sensory fibers which supply the tip of the tongue.’
- ‘Fibers of the hypoglossal nerve take a ventrolateral course and emerge between the olive and pyramid.’
- ‘Descendens hypoglossi may be carried partly or completely by the vagus nerve instead of the hypoglossal nerve.’
- ‘The ipsilateral hypoglossal nerve was sectioned, and that half of the muscle became silent.’
- ‘Some fibers of the hypoglossal nerve can be traced through the reticular formation as they course towards the ventrolateral sulcus.’
Mid 19th century: hypoglossal from hypo- ‘under’ + Greek glōssa ‘tongue’ + -al.
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