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A weak acid with oxidizing properties formed when chlorine dissolves in cold water and used in bleaching and water treatment.
- ‘In mammalian neutrophils, myeloperoxidase is a key player, converting hydrogen peroxide to hypochlorous acid.’
- ‘It has been demonstrated, for example, that NAC has the ability to scavenge hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorous acid and the hydroxyl radical.’
- ‘Research has demonstrated that taurine reacts with and neutralizes hypochlorous acid.’
- ‘As a direct free radical scavenger, NAC reduces hypochlorous acid produced by neutrophils in order to kill target cells.’
- ‘This effect would be exacerbated if hypochlorous acid inactivates proteinase inhibitor by oxidizing its critical methionine residue.’
Mid 19th century: hypochlorous from hypo- (denoting an element in a low valency) + chlorine + -ous.
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.