Definition of hydrolyze in English:


(British hydrolyse)


[WITH OBJECT]Chemistry
  • 1 Break down (a compound) by chemical reaction with water.

    • ‘This compound is hydrolyzed to nitrate and carbonate and the net effect of this reaction is prevention of nitration and oxidative damage.’
    • ‘Water will rapidly hydrolyze them, as well as supporting bacterial attack.’
    • ‘This enzyme hydrolyzes fatty acids from carbon atoms 1 or 3 of triacylglycerols.’
    • ‘Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.’
    • ‘The water fractions (containing soluble phenolics) were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions.’
    1. 1.1[no object]Undergo chemical breakdown due to reaction with water.
      • ‘Metal oxides are not the only substances that hydrolyze to produce hydroxide ions and basic solutions.’
      • ‘When in contact with aqueous media, the methoxymethyl group slowly hydrolyses, freeing the diazeniumdiolate ion so that it can rapidly dissociate its two NO molecules.’
      • ‘In response to the widespread use of lactam containing antibiotics, bacteria have acquired the ability to produce lactamases, which are enzymes that hydrolyze and inactivate lactam containing antibiotics.’
      • ‘Only with time does it hydrolyze inside the epithelial cells of your lung tissue, causing increasing and irreversible damage.’
      • ‘In these particular environments, the iron hydrolyzes essentially, as hydroxyls begin to agglomerate around the iron and settle down to the bottom of this lake material.’