Definition of hydrolyze in US English:


(British hydrolyse)


[with object]Chemistry
  • 1Break down (a compound) by chemical reaction with water.

    ‘bile acids were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions’
    ‘hydrolyzed vegetable protein’
    • ‘The water fractions (containing soluble phenolics) were hydrolyzed under alkaline conditions.’
    • ‘Water will rapidly hydrolyze them, as well as supporting bacterial attack.’
    • ‘This enzyme hydrolyzes fatty acids from carbon atoms 1 or 3 of triacylglycerols.’
    • ‘This compound is hydrolyzed to nitrate and carbonate and the net effect of this reaction is prevention of nitration and oxidative damage.’
    • ‘Amides are hydrolysed to ammonium salts with catalysis by acids or alkalis.’
    1. 1.1no object Undergo chemical breakdown due to reaction with water.
      ‘CMA can easily hydrolyze into free acetic acid’
      • ‘In response to the widespread use of lactam containing antibiotics, bacteria have acquired the ability to produce lactamases, which are enzymes that hydrolyze and inactivate lactam containing antibiotics.’
      • ‘Only with time does it hydrolyze inside the epithelial cells of your lung tissue, causing increasing and irreversible damage.’
      • ‘When in contact with aqueous media, the methoxymethyl group slowly hydrolyses, freeing the diazeniumdiolate ion so that it can rapidly dissociate its two NO molecules.’
      • ‘Metal oxides are not the only substances that hydrolyze to produce hydroxide ions and basic solutions.’
      • ‘In these particular environments, the iron hydrolyzes essentially, as hydroxyls begin to agglomerate around the iron and settle down to the bottom of this lake material.’