Definition of hydrogen in English:

hydrogen

noun

  • A colorless, odorless, highly flammable gas, the chemical element of atomic number 1.

    • ‘Food waste is turned into hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide by the heat of the exhaust.’
    • ‘A fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen into water and in the process creates electricity that is used to power the car.’
    • ‘Try substituting fluorine for hydrogen in some compounds and the consequences can be dramatic.’
    • ‘Yes we can say that water is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen but how are these atoms combined to make this substance we call water?’
    • ‘He believes his firm will be in full commercial production turning silicon to hydrogen to be used to power cars.’
    • ‘We know that for a fact because we've measured the isotope ratio of deuterium and hydrogen.’
    • ‘In composition it resembles a small star, with helium and hydrogen as the main gases.’
    • ‘For example, the formula of hydrochloric acid is HCl - one atom of hydrogen and one of chlorine.’
    • ‘Energy is generated by the reaction of hydrogen and oxygen across a catalytic membrane.’
    • ‘Chemically, oil is made up of chains of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen called fatty acid.’
    • ‘It was a very dry world, almost no water, and not much carbon, hydrogen or oxygen either.’
    • ‘Pour in the water and watch it separate into hydrogen and oxygen, forming a gas to power your vehicle across the floor.’
    • ‘Once a star has burnt most of its hydrogen to helium, it starts to cool.’
    • ‘Indeed it's thought that after the big bang the only elements around were hydrogen and helium.’
    • ‘In the water molecule there are three atoms: two of hydrogen and one of oxygen.’
    • ‘The elements of which water is composed, hydrogen and oxygen, both have stable isotopes.’
    • ‘The water could be used for drinking and also split into hydrogen and oxygen to make fuel for future trips.’
    • ‘The fuel cell combines hydrogen with oxygen from the air to generate electricity that powers the vehicle.’
    • ‘We know that the Moon is low on certain chemicals such as hydrogen and carbon.’
    • ‘As the explosive mixture of hydrogen and oxygen ignited, the two turbopumps spun up to speed.’

Origin

Late 18th century: coined in French from Greek hudro- water + -genēs (see -gen).

Pronunciation:

hydrogen

/ˈhīdrəjən/