Definition of hybrid in English:

hybrid

noun

  • 1Biology
    The offspring of two plants or animals of different species or varieties, such as a mule (a hybrid of a donkey and a horse)

    ‘a hybrid of wheat and rye’
    • ‘Many of the decorative species and hybrids are reasonably hardy plants.’
    • ‘The animals were hybrids of different breeds, of which one was predominant.’
    • ‘Red varieties derived from hybrids of all these species are also available today.’
    • ‘It's actually a hybrid between two species, so it's rather like crossing a donkey with a horse: what you get is strong but it's completely sterile.’
    • ‘Because of a doubling of their chromosome number, these hybrids could no longer cross with the parental species but only among themselves - which they did not hesitate to do.’
    cross, cross-breed, mixed-breed
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  • 2A thing made by combining two different elements; a mixture.

    ‘the final text is a hybrid of the stage play and the film’
    • ‘‘I thought he'd better get someone from Hollywood,’ she says, still talking in that strange accent, a hybrid of Iceland and London.’
    • ‘With no lineouts, no meaningful scrums and all players having to be greyhounds, it's a hybrid of rugby union.’
    • ‘Their sound: a hybrid of punk-inspired speed metal and simple-yet-provocative lyrics.’
    • ‘Her course research into the evolution of plastics in fashion had inspired her to create a bizarre hybrid of plasticised velvet, from which she produced unusual fashion handbags.’
    • ‘We've got live drums and programmed drums, we recorded things both digitally and analog, so the album's kind of a hybrid of the two.’
    • ‘This recommendation represents a hybrid of conservative and progressive elements.’
    • ‘Their clothes are a hybrid of western department store cast-offs and items they've woven themselves.’
    • ‘The ‘revolution of roses’ on 22 November was a hybrid of spontaneity and careful preparation.’
    • ‘It currently looks like a sad hybrid of a luscious, fully clothed version of a large tree and an ultra-pruned incredibly stylish and completely unnatural super-arty bonsai.’
    • ‘Three existing aerial appliances would be replaced by an enhanced fleet of four custom-built combined pump and aerial hybrids.’
    • ‘‘It's a wonderful hybrid of poetry and fiction,’ she says.’
    • ‘It was a curious hybrid of old and new that honoured neither.’
    • ‘I mean this episode tonight is a hybrid of different TV shows.’
    • ‘So law enforcement's role becomes instead a hybrid of intelligence-gathering and traditional investigation.’
    • ‘I'm trying to write stuff that's more about a hybrid of these elements than the specifics of these elements themselves.’
    • ‘A unique hybrid of domestic and international law, it will try the 30 ‘most responsible’ individuals involved in the war crimes.’
    • ‘‘Invented is a grandiose term,’ he says, explaining his hybrid of a trapeze and the industry-standard theatre flying devices.’
    • ‘Somebody else created the hybrid of rock and hip-hop!’
    • ‘To this end, firms have created hybrids combining elements of free code with code that is licensed for cash.’
    • ‘This footage is no doubt chilling, but I have to tell you now, it's actually a hybrid of fact and fiction.’
    mixture, blend, mingling, combination, compound, fusion, composition, concoction, brew, alloy, merger, union, amalgamation, amalgam, coalition, cross
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    1. 2.1 A word formed from elements taken from different languages, for example television (tele- from Greek, vision from Latin)
      • ‘That is a hybrid between the words create and reality that you made up.’
      • ‘An example of a Spanish-Aztec hybrid word is chibola, the Nicaraguan word for bottled soda.’
      • ‘In present-day usage, despite Fowler's strictures, concern for classical and linguistic purity is minimal and the coining of etymological hybrids is casual and massive.’
    2. 2.2 A car with a gasoline engine and an electric motor, each of which can propel it.
      • ‘There are many corporations offering incentives such as free parking to those who drive hybrids.’
      • ‘Having driven the Japanese hybrids I'm not sure U.S. drivers will embrace the lower power output of these vehicles.’
      • ‘It will be a rear wheel drive full hybrid making it able to travel at low speeds under electric propulsion alone.’
      • ‘The success of hybrids can be attributed to five key factors.’
      • ‘Officials will not give specific figures but say fuel economy will be equivalent to that of a compact car, and the hybrid will produce fewer emissions than a standard SUV.’

adjective

  • 1Of mixed character; composed of mixed parts.

    ‘Mexico's hybrid postconquest culture’
    • ‘Because of the hybrid nature of the elements, the imagery on these pieces has often been characterized as decorative and dismissed as lacking substantive meaning.’
    • ‘In Scotland, the Anglo-Normans were one more element in an already hybrid kingdom.’
    • ‘What strikes me about the passage is its hybrid character.’
    • ‘For many the gaming elements of a hybrid device could be a turn-off.’
    • ‘That hybrid culture is unspoken, yet it is still pretty vibrant - even if few educated people will be immediately willing to admit it.’
    • ‘But at the same time, he teases out of the monitor a hybrid video stream composed of diverse elements, synthesized and reordered.’
    • ‘One can use a structure that promotes a combination of research elements to form a hybrid research method.’
    • ‘Some comments really do conjure hybrid cities and mixed realities.’
    • ‘Its hybrid character was unrecognized for many years, but it in fact showed the way in which vine-growing in the eastern United States would be developed.’
    • ‘Claiming fusion as the essence of Nigerian modernism, the curators selected works of visual art that exhibited a hybrid character.’
    • ‘It is distinctively hybrid in character: the EU's largest central administration and main policy manager, but also a source of political and policy direction.’
    • ‘The hybrid buses have small diesel turbines which re-charge the batteries as the bus runs a long.’
    • ‘It takes place in great modern cities, in regions, the Mediterranean region or California, of deeply hybrid cultures and economies.’
    • ‘New adapted material systems like natural fiber composites, hybrid structures of metals, polymers and ceramics increasingly gain meaning in future.’
    • ‘But the city's polyglot hybrid culture also made it a gateway for young Indians from the hinterland to urban India in general.’
    • ‘She creates wildly beautiful hybrid work that blends dance, music, story telling and theatre.’
    • ‘I'm a product of a hybrid culture, so my aesthetic could never be solely based on the canon of English culture.’
    • ‘Other hybrid composites have a combination of colloidal and fine particles, and have better compressive and tensile strength properties than the microfine variety.’
    • ‘It's something else - a hybrid text - combining elements of fiction, autobiography, philosophy, poetry and prose.’
    • ‘Advanced technology buses are now available that do not idle and that have even lower emissions and greater fuel efficiency than the current hybrid buses, which idle.’
    1. 1.1 Bred as a hybrid from different species or varieties.
      ‘a hybrid variety’
      ‘hybrid offspring’
      • ‘One advantage of male-sterile plants is in the production of hybrid varieties of some species that currently are difficult and expensive to produce in quantity.’
      • ‘They also produce yields as much as 10 per cent higher than the best local hybrid maize varieties and are more tolerant of biotic and abiotic stresses.’
      • ‘You should at least be able to count on your seeds to be consistent, and so seed-saving should not be applied to hybrid varieties.’
      • ‘These firms provide hybrid varieties of rabbits, whose meat and processed skin are exported.’
      • ‘Usually, the hybrid variety is sold only between August and March and the regular yellow cocoon is sold in the summer months.’
      • ‘For farmers the focus was on some of the latest developments in producing hybrid varieties of vegetables and fruits.’
      • ‘In general hybrid varieties provide the best production of central heads and better performance in hot weather.’
      • ‘In my garden both the wildling and its hybrid offspring, in shades of pink and red, seed around on my heavy, acid soil.’
      • ‘The 1970s brought the introduction and rapid spread of hybrid cotton varieties.’
      • ‘There are well over 300 species of Dianthus, including hundreds of hybrid varieties.’
      • ‘The debate over whether or not to use hybrid varieties becomes very different when you switch from big-time agriculture to home gardening.’
      • ‘Most of the popular hybrid corn varieties grown in the area also have high yields of the fermentable starch desired for dry-mill ethanol plants.’
      • ‘The species marketed are new hybrid varieties.’
      • ‘This has resulted in the development of a variety of hybrid forms that have had marginal impact upon product-based development, whose needs they have been configured to meet.’
      • ‘In addition, the genetic composition of the hybrid populations, the mating pattern, and population genetic structure also require quantification.’
      • ‘Yet many open-pollinated and hybrid varieties that have no listed disease resistances do have good resistance to certain pathogens.’
      • ‘With the many new hybrid varieties that have been developed, your choices are myriad.’
      • ‘And it has also come at a time when the country is fighting to develop hybrid varieties that are tolerant to drought and other stressful weather conditions.’
      • ‘This apart, even garden implements, organic manure and hybrid flower varieties were also on display.’
      • ‘Seed markets are generally built around hybrid varieties, which do not reproduce and so force farmers to purchase new seeds every season.’
      composite, cross-bred, interbred
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Origin

Early 17th century (as a noun): from Latin hybrida ‘offspring of a tame sow and wild boar, child of a freeman and slave, etc’.

Pronunciation

hybrid

/ˈhaɪˌbrɪd//ˈhīˌbrid/