Definition of hybrid in English:

hybrid

noun

  • 1Biology
    The offspring of two plants or animals of different species or varieties, such as a mule (a hybrid of a donkey and a horse)

    ‘a hybrid of wheat and rye’
    • ‘The animals were hybrids of different breeds, of which one was predominant.’
    • ‘Because of a doubling of their chromosome number, these hybrids could no longer cross with the parental species but only among themselves - which they did not hesitate to do.’
    • ‘Many of the decorative species and hybrids are reasonably hardy plants.’
    • ‘It's actually a hybrid between two species, so it's rather like crossing a donkey with a horse: what you get is strong but it's completely sterile.’
    • ‘Red varieties derived from hybrids of all these species are also available today.’
    cross, cross-breed, mixed-breed
    mixture, blend, meld, amalgam, amalgamation, combination, composite, compound, conglomerate, fusion, synthesis
    mash-up
    View synonyms
  • 2A thing made by combining two different elements; a mixture.

    ‘the final text is a hybrid of the stage play and the film’
    • ‘‘Invented is a grandiose term,’ he says, explaining his hybrid of a trapeze and the industry-standard theatre flying devices.’
    • ‘Her course research into the evolution of plastics in fashion had inspired her to create a bizarre hybrid of plasticised velvet, from which she produced unusual fashion handbags.’
    • ‘We've got live drums and programmed drums, we recorded things both digitally and analog, so the album's kind of a hybrid of the two.’
    • ‘Three existing aerial appliances would be replaced by an enhanced fleet of four custom-built combined pump and aerial hybrids.’
    • ‘This recommendation represents a hybrid of conservative and progressive elements.’
    • ‘It currently looks like a sad hybrid of a luscious, fully clothed version of a large tree and an ultra-pruned incredibly stylish and completely unnatural super-arty bonsai.’
    • ‘So law enforcement's role becomes instead a hybrid of intelligence-gathering and traditional investigation.’
    • ‘The ‘revolution of roses’ on 22 November was a hybrid of spontaneity and careful preparation.’
    • ‘A unique hybrid of domestic and international law, it will try the 30 ‘most responsible’ individuals involved in the war crimes.’
    • ‘To this end, firms have created hybrids combining elements of free code with code that is licensed for cash.’
    • ‘I'm trying to write stuff that's more about a hybrid of these elements than the specifics of these elements themselves.’
    • ‘‘I thought he'd better get someone from Hollywood,’ she says, still talking in that strange accent, a hybrid of Iceland and London.’
    • ‘This footage is no doubt chilling, but I have to tell you now, it's actually a hybrid of fact and fiction.’
    • ‘It was a curious hybrid of old and new that honoured neither.’
    • ‘With no lineouts, no meaningful scrums and all players having to be greyhounds, it's a hybrid of rugby union.’
    • ‘I mean this episode tonight is a hybrid of different TV shows.’
    • ‘Somebody else created the hybrid of rock and hip-hop!’
    • ‘‘It's a wonderful hybrid of poetry and fiction,’ she says.’
    • ‘Their sound: a hybrid of punk-inspired speed metal and simple-yet-provocative lyrics.’
    • ‘Their clothes are a hybrid of western department store cast-offs and items they've woven themselves.’
    1. 2.1A word formed from elements taken from different languages, for example television (tele- from Greek, vision from Latin)
      • ‘In present-day usage, despite Fowler's strictures, concern for classical and linguistic purity is minimal and the coining of etymological hybrids is casual and massive.’
      • ‘An example of a Spanish-Aztec hybrid word is chibola, the Nicaraguan word for bottled soda.’
      • ‘That is a hybrid between the words create and reality that you made up.’
    2. 2.2A car with a gasoline engine and an electric motor, each of which can propel it.
      • ‘There are many corporations offering incentives such as free parking to those who drive hybrids.’
      • ‘The success of hybrids can be attributed to five key factors.’
      • ‘Having driven the Japanese hybrids I'm not sure U.S. drivers will embrace the lower power output of these vehicles.’
      • ‘Officials will not give specific figures but say fuel economy will be equivalent to that of a compact car, and the hybrid will produce fewer emissions than a standard SUV.’
      • ‘It will be a rear wheel drive full hybrid making it able to travel at low speeds under electric propulsion alone.’

adjective

  • 1Of mixed character; composed of mixed parts.

    ‘Mexico's hybrid postconquest culture’
    • ‘It is distinctively hybrid in character: the EU's largest central administration and main policy manager, but also a source of political and policy direction.’
    • ‘New adapted material systems like natural fiber composites, hybrid structures of metals, polymers and ceramics increasingly gain meaning in future.’
    • ‘What strikes me about the passage is its hybrid character.’
    • ‘Advanced technology buses are now available that do not idle and that have even lower emissions and greater fuel efficiency than the current hybrid buses, which idle.’
    • ‘One can use a structure that promotes a combination of research elements to form a hybrid research method.’
    • ‘She creates wildly beautiful hybrid work that blends dance, music, story telling and theatre.’
    • ‘I'm a product of a hybrid culture, so my aesthetic could never be solely based on the canon of English culture.’
    • ‘Claiming fusion as the essence of Nigerian modernism, the curators selected works of visual art that exhibited a hybrid character.’
    • ‘But the city's polyglot hybrid culture also made it a gateway for young Indians from the hinterland to urban India in general.’
    • ‘It's something else - a hybrid text - combining elements of fiction, autobiography, philosophy, poetry and prose.’
    • ‘The hybrid buses have small diesel turbines which re-charge the batteries as the bus runs a long.’
    • ‘It takes place in great modern cities, in regions, the Mediterranean region or California, of deeply hybrid cultures and economies.’
    • ‘Other hybrid composites have a combination of colloidal and fine particles, and have better compressive and tensile strength properties than the microfine variety.’
    • ‘For many the gaming elements of a hybrid device could be a turn-off.’
    • ‘In Scotland, the Anglo-Normans were one more element in an already hybrid kingdom.’
    • ‘Because of the hybrid nature of the elements, the imagery on these pieces has often been characterized as decorative and dismissed as lacking substantive meaning.’
    • ‘Some comments really do conjure hybrid cities and mixed realities.’
    • ‘That hybrid culture is unspoken, yet it is still pretty vibrant - even if few educated people will be immediately willing to admit it.’
    • ‘But at the same time, he teases out of the monitor a hybrid video stream composed of diverse elements, synthesized and reordered.’
    • ‘Its hybrid character was unrecognized for many years, but it in fact showed the way in which vine-growing in the eastern United States would be developed.’
    1. 1.1Bred as a hybrid from different species or varieties.
      ‘a hybrid variety’
      ‘hybrid offspring’
      • ‘Seed markets are generally built around hybrid varieties, which do not reproduce and so force farmers to purchase new seeds every season.’
      • ‘There are well over 300 species of Dianthus, including hundreds of hybrid varieties.’
      • ‘The 1970s brought the introduction and rapid spread of hybrid cotton varieties.’
      • ‘Most of the popular hybrid corn varieties grown in the area also have high yields of the fermentable starch desired for dry-mill ethanol plants.’
      • ‘This has resulted in the development of a variety of hybrid forms that have had marginal impact upon product-based development, whose needs they have been configured to meet.’
      • ‘The species marketed are new hybrid varieties.’
      • ‘In my garden both the wildling and its hybrid offspring, in shades of pink and red, seed around on my heavy, acid soil.’
      • ‘For farmers the focus was on some of the latest developments in producing hybrid varieties of vegetables and fruits.’
      • ‘This apart, even garden implements, organic manure and hybrid flower varieties were also on display.’
      • ‘And it has also come at a time when the country is fighting to develop hybrid varieties that are tolerant to drought and other stressful weather conditions.’
      • ‘You should at least be able to count on your seeds to be consistent, and so seed-saving should not be applied to hybrid varieties.’
      • ‘In general hybrid varieties provide the best production of central heads and better performance in hot weather.’
      • ‘They also produce yields as much as 10 per cent higher than the best local hybrid maize varieties and are more tolerant of biotic and abiotic stresses.’
      • ‘In addition, the genetic composition of the hybrid populations, the mating pattern, and population genetic structure also require quantification.’
      • ‘Usually, the hybrid variety is sold only between August and March and the regular yellow cocoon is sold in the summer months.’
      • ‘These firms provide hybrid varieties of rabbits, whose meat and processed skin are exported.’
      • ‘Yet many open-pollinated and hybrid varieties that have no listed disease resistances do have good resistance to certain pathogens.’
      • ‘One advantage of male-sterile plants is in the production of hybrid varieties of some species that currently are difficult and expensive to produce in quantity.’
      • ‘With the many new hybrid varieties that have been developed, your choices are myriad.’
      • ‘The debate over whether or not to use hybrid varieties becomes very different when you switch from big-time agriculture to home gardening.’

Origin

Early 17th century (as a noun): from Latin hybrida offspring of a tame sow and wild boar, child of a freeman and slave, etc.

Pronunciation:

hybrid

/ˈhīˌbrid/