Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A covering for the head and neck with an opening for the face, typically forming part of a coat or sweatshirt.
head covering, cowl, snood, scarf, head scarfView synonyms
- ‘A man in a dark cloak with a hood stood beneath the trees.’
- ‘I put my coat on and my hood up so the police officer wouldn't recognize me.’
- ‘He stood there in a black trench coat with a black hood over his face.’
- ‘He stepped back into the snow, putting the hood of the coat over his head.’
- ‘They wore duffel coats with the hoods up.’
- ‘He wore a baseball cap, light-coloured jogging bottoms, trainers and a big woolly duffel-type coat with a hood.’
- ‘The attacker, whose face was covered by a hood, grabbed her from behind in the dark alley.’
- ‘When he checked the scene, he discovered the body of an elderly woman, dressed in a dark, oilskin coat with the hood up.’
- ‘Today it was a long black trench coat with a hood that shaded his face from view.’
- ‘Snow was starting to settle on her shoulders and on the top of the hood of her coat.’
- ‘Right in front of her was a group people in cloaks, their hoods pulled over their faces to hide themselves, no doubt.’
- ‘Besides, she had a black wig, black sunglasses, and a black coat with a hood.’
- ‘Ignoring the name, I slipped on the coat and tugged the hood over my face.’
- ‘They all wore cloaks with the hoods low on their faces.’
- ‘The Ku Klux Klan, founded in the United States in 1866, wore white hoods and cloaks and carried burning crosses to terrorise people as part of their white supremacy policy.’
- ‘She was dressed in a dark cloak, with the hood pulled over her head.’
- ‘The figure wore a black cloak with the hood pulled over his or her face, making it impossible for the young man to see any distinct features.’
- ‘‘Cool,’ she said as she put on a coat with a hood and started walking towards the door.’
- ‘I had bought a cloak that had a hood so I could hide my face.’
- ‘On the rare occasions he has been out in Glasgow's city centre after dark, he has been wearing a duffel coat with a huge hood to hide him from unfriendly eyes.’
- ‘The man with the gun, clad from head to toe in black clothing and wearing a balaclava underneath the hood of his coat, asked for money.’
- 1.1 A separate garment similar to a hood, worn over a college gown or a surplice to indicate the wearer's degree.
- ‘It was Graduation day at de Montfort on Thursday, with hundreds of young people wearing their gowns and colourful hoods, and dozens of doting parents taking pictures.’
- ‘Excited graduates walk up and down, parading their finery of gowns, hoods and mortarboards seemingly oblivious to the fact that these are colonial trappings.’
- ‘During the afternoon ceremony, master's degrees were conferred on 510 new graduates wearing brightly colored hoods denoting their major.’
- 1.2 A leather covering for a hawk's head.
- ‘It's the same principal falconers use when they put a hood over a falcon's head.’
- ‘Hoods are used to keep the bird calm during transport.’
- ‘There is a falcon hood - the brown leather dome, crowned with a tuft of feathers, is brittle like a little skull - and an envelope contains a watch.’
2A thing resembling a hood in shape or use.
- ‘When we were trying to teach him to drive he kept getting out and attempting to climb on the hood of the truck.’
- ‘So we really don't want to open the hood of the car.’
- ‘He had processed a patient's bacterial culture without a safety hood.’
- ‘Fume hoods in the labs provide weak suction, preventing researchers from using toxic chemicals.’
- ‘The watch manager with Norfolk Fire Service, said: "The can of deodorant was left near the cooker hood in the kitchen.’
- ‘The charmer then makes rhythmic, elegant motions with the horn, which is correspondingly followed by the hood of the cobra.’
- ‘A chemical fume hood is located in the main room.’
- ‘The upper lip, consisting of two fused petals, covers the pistils and stamens like a hood.’
- ‘However, the external hood does nothing for boot space, which isno better than in a car where the hood does steal from the luggage compartment.’
- ‘Practice under the hood in good weather to do the hard stuff.’
- ‘This can be achieved by allowing access through existing ventilation slits, louvres and hoods to self-contained nesting areas kept separate from the rest of the interior.’
- ‘Hoping for a procession of migrating raptors, I stretched out on the hood of my car.’
- ‘Even with the hood open, taller people will have problems as their heads will be in the air stream.’
- ‘Have you ever seen a dog jump onto the hood of a moving car?!’
- ‘Treatment involves repair of the extensor hood with relocation of the extensor tendon.’
- ‘He kept a sawed-off shotgun in his trench coat and often stowed several ounces of meth under the hood of his car.’
- ‘In case of rain, they can be made very effective as impervious hoods or umbrellas.’
- ‘I hit the frontside of his car and stopped just short of going over the hood.’
- ‘Air deflectors installed in front of a vehicle's hood are also often designed to match the style of the vehicle's bumper.’
- ‘Remind your customer - and yourself - that the first time she bought a car she didn't know anything about what was under the hood.’
- 2.1British A folding waterproof cover of an automobile, baby carriage, etc.
- ‘One drawback about the folding hard top is that you can't get luggage out when the hood is folded down.’
- ‘If the toy you choose has a clip, it will enable you to attach it to the front of the pram hood above the baby's head.’
- 2.2North American A metal part covering the engine of an automobile.
- ‘When she didn't move, he crossed in front of the hood and opened her door for her.’
- ‘Other aluminum panels on the Maybach body shell are the roof, hood, and front fenders.’
- ‘The front and rear bumper beams are aluminum, as are the hood and the wagon's tailgate.’
- ‘The front hood of John's jeep was seriously dented and crushed in.’
- ‘He was able to break free of Adrian's grasp and jump up onto the hood of the vehicle.’
- ‘One person actually rolled over the hood and got caught between the hood and windshield.’
- ‘A horrible grinding noise issued from under the hood, and the Jeep's engine stopped.’
- ‘Parts of the vehicle, including the hood and bumper, were found 45 metres down the road.’
- ‘The small electronic parts under the hood and in the dashboard are especially susceptible to water damage.’
- ‘The engine is installed at a low angle in the vehicle leaving the hood more than three inches of deformation space before it hits the engine.’
- ‘But before we take a peek under that stylish hood, let's look at the styling.’
- ‘Ever since I picked up my car from the mechanic the other day, there's been a rather irritating noise emanating from under the hood.’
- ‘The body panels, including the doors, the fenders, the hood and the tailgate are of course among the most vulnerable.’
- ‘Becca replaced the valve covers and slammed the hood down.’
- ‘She screamed as she toppled onto the hood of the still-advancing vehicle.’
- ‘He laughed, and Kim followed him back past the cars with hoods up and tires removed.’
- ‘The Buick's hood was open, and pieces of its engine were scattered across the floor like the shards of a broken plate.’
- ‘The roof was caved in, the passenger side was crushed, the windshield was blown out and the hood was twisted and distorted.’
- ‘Air deflectors installed in front of a vehicle's hood are also often designed to match the style of the vehicle's bumper.’
- ‘From hoods to hubcaps, mirrors to spoilers and even wheels, these cars feature a sleek design combined with affordable pricing.’
- ‘For example, aluminum is used for the hood, front and rear bumper beams, and rear suspension knuckle.’
- ‘Aside from giving your car a new look, swapping hoods and other body parts can help your vehicle run more smoothly and faster.’
- ‘James approached the car and laid a hand on the cold, smooth metal of the hood as if expecting the car to vanish when he touched it.’
- ‘River was looking under the hood with a flash light shining in.’
- ‘Often when dealing with parts of the engine, or the hard-to-reach spots under the hood, proper tools are required.’
- ‘Josh was leaning against the front hood of his black BMW, Jamie leaning out the window on the right side.’
- ‘Under the hood, the engine is very similar to that of the earlier S300 model.’
- ‘Additionally, the car's hood, doors, fenders, trunk lid, engine and suspension are aluminum.’
- ‘She had just turned the key in the ignition when there was a loud bang as something landed on the front hood of the truck.’
- ‘Our hood was crumpled and the fender was dented, but the engine continued to run.’
- ‘I leaned across the hood of the vehicle and gazed through the tinted windshield.’
- ‘A supercharged 2-liter engine will be fitted under the hood at a future date.’
- ‘They also offer essential auto parts such as Honda headlights, Honda fuel tanks, Honda radiators, Honda grilles, Honda hoods and many other Honda parts.’
- 2.3 A canopy to protect users of machinery or to remove fumes from it.
- ‘For example, on most bath fans and kitchen exhaust hoods, the damper is located on the housing of the fan unit, right at the point where the vent pipe attaches to the housing.’
- ‘Many extractor hoods have lights, which can be useful for spotlighting your hob.’
- ‘Heavy insulation of the tank and hood helps maintain operating temperature and reduce energy requirements.’
- ‘When using a large apparatus inside the hood, place the equipment on blocks, when safe and practical, to allow air flow beneath it.’
- ‘In the real case, it is likely that combustion products would have been removed by the extraction hood, even after the fan had failed.’
- ‘Range hoods and fans remove grease and moisture from cooking, and so collect dirt.’
- ‘And all range hoods require occasional cleaning or replacing of the grease-covered metal filters.’
- ‘The primary purpose of a laboratory hood is to keep toxic or irritating vapors and fumes out of the general laboratory working area.’
- ‘The rooms appear to have been used for some sort of scientific purpose - there are special fountains for washing eyes, and ventilation hoods in every lab.’
- 2.4 A hoodlike structure or marking on the head or neck of an animal.
- ‘To ward off trouble, cobras can rear up, and they have hoods that expand out like a half umbrella to make themselves appear bigger and scarier than they actually are.’
- ‘In breeding plumage, the adult has a dark hood with a black eye and bill.’
- 2.5 The upper part of the flower of a plant such as a dead-nettle.
- ‘White spots on the hood may be absent or occur in patches.’
Put a hood on or over.
- ‘Basically they kicked down his door, rifled through his things, hooded him, and dragged him away.’
- ‘From the moment they are captured, prisoners are hooded, shackled and accorded no rights whatsoever.’
- ‘The men were hooded and handcuffed and taken to a former torture centre.’
- ‘He said the accused had also known she would recognise him so he added to her trauma by hooding himself, and to make sure he was not seen, had thrown a towel over her head.’
- ‘In Camp Delta, this means shackling inmates for 20 hours a day, while hooding and beating them.’
- ‘These sources say the prisoners there are hooded from the moment they are captured.’
Old English hōd, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch hoed, German Hut ‘hat’, also to hat.
A gangster or similar violent criminal.
- ‘The Pepper Street gang, of which Jackie was the acknowledged leader, was not a gang of drug-selling hoods.’
- ‘It's a great honour to street hoods who slave away, pulling off heists so the upper bosses can get a cut of the profits, but to me it's just another society.’
- ‘Up and Down opens with a couple of hoods smuggling a truckload of Indian refugees into the Czech Republic.’
- ‘It's a film that focuses on ethics, be they pure or prurient, and how criminals and hoods can still require a sense of justice and fair play.’
- ‘His connections to senior criminal organisations and well-placed hoods are known to police.’
- ‘They look like mafia hoods and molls - all grey hair, badly fitting dark suits and chin stubble.’
- ‘They all look like hoods and he knows they will be hoods their whole lives.’
- ‘But his violent past finally catches up with the hood turned husband and father in this rumination on America's predatory predilection to use force.’
- ‘She also is fascinated by the hoods and low-lifes that Nick looks up as he meanders his way through the task of finding Clyde Wynant.’
- ‘He has gone into hiding and a peculiarly Jamaican chaos has erupted as everyone - police, local yardies and hoods from afar - are after him, trying to track him down.’
- ‘This British crime drama tracks a group of young hoods who try to swindle local crime boss Dad Savage.’
- ‘On the other side of this pending transaction Rocky's heavy handed hoods were less than enthusiastic about doing business with operators like them.’
- ‘It's also a gangster film more interested in innocent bystanders than hoods or the police who chase them.’
- ‘Time and again, in areas where hardened hoods tread warily, I see lost tourists in leisurewear by Tommy Hilfiger and accessories by Gucci.’
- ‘In this Golden Age, the heroes were neither cops nor outlaws, doctors nor housekeepers, ranch-owners nor lawyers, spies nor mafia hoods.’
- ‘When it comes to robbing us blind, the Armani-clad criminals in corporate boardrooms have it all over the hoods on the street.’
- ‘At the two minute mark, the first action scene begins as hoods try to carjack Will Smith's Porsche.’
- ‘The police speak of a rising tide of knife crime, where everyone from misguided schoolkids to inner-city hoods are apparently arming themselves with flick knives, pen knives, machetes and swords.’
1930s: abbreviation of hoodlum.
A neighborhood, especially one's own neighborhood.‘I've lived in the hood for 15 years’
- ‘They had ghastly visions of the boys in the hood heading for their neighborhoods next.’
- ‘Eventually the idealistic plans of keeping peace in the hood morphed into a criminal element never seen before in Los Angeles.’
- ‘You might not have a hood, but you will always have neighbors.’
- ‘I love the lack of pretense in East Boston, which is why now I still visit the old hood because it's still home.’
- ‘And after mentioning last week that we had thieves in the hood they came back again.’
- ‘Check them out, and if they play live in your hood go see them, you won't be disappointed.’
- ‘But to King's supporters, none of this justifies slashing services in the hood.’
- ‘If you live in the hood, or are passing through Russian Hill and need to check mail on your laptop, Nook would be a worthy, comfortable place to stop.’
- ‘He cruises the hood in a BMW.’
- ‘And if you're in the hood, make sure to come to the fabulous party tomorrow night.’
- ‘I also included a few other pics of places that are changing, or opening in the hood…’
1970s: shortening of neighborhood.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.