Definition of hole in English:

hole

noun

  • 1A hollow place in a solid body or surface.

    ‘he dug out a small hole in the snow’
    • ‘There were large holes in the playing surface on one side of the pitch.’
    • ‘The cheapest and most ecologically sound way to build a swimming pool is simply to hollow a hole in the ground.’
    • ‘He dug a small hole in the ground and placed the seed in it.’
    • ‘He's been out in the car park for the last couple of weeks, digging a big hole in the ground.’
    • ‘Just two weeks ago the bridge was temporarily closed while city officials repaired a gaping hole in its deteriorating surface.’
    • ‘I headed out for the backyard where I proceeded to dig about a zillion holes in the ground searching for gold doubloons.’
    • ‘After almost an hour, rescuers took his body from the hole, and paramedics declared him dead at the scene.’
    • ‘Returning to the garbage bag, he began to dig a large hole in the ground, into which he dumped the sack.’
    • ‘For instance there were certain stones to be found in fields or graveyards with a hole or hollow which at times was full of water.’
    • ‘The crash occurred when the truck, driving at a high speed, failed to avoid large holes in the surface of the road.’
    • ‘Transplant the seedlings in the normal manner by making a small hole through the surface mulch/manure and plant them into it.’
    • ‘‘I saw women and children having to dig deep holes in the ground, often over eight metres, and climb down into them to find water,’ he said.’
    • ‘The new pictures show that most of the moon is dark, but impacts have blasted holes in the surface to reveal much brighter material underneath, which is probably a mixture of ices.’
    • ‘Using a pencil, tease out the young plant from the seed tray and make a hole in the compost deep enough to take the roots of the seedling.’
    • ‘It took forever but soon they had dug three holes and placed the bodies inside before covering them back up.’
    • ‘They feed by probing, and leave bands of holes along a beach where they have stuck their beaks into the sand probing for food.’
    • ‘He said some of the holes in the road surface were as deep as eight inches.’
    • ‘It came to rest just below the surface, leaving a hole 18 inches in diameter and sending up a large white cloud.’
    • ‘And, as many cyclists would testify, smooth roads without pitted surfaces and random holes would be a good start.’
    • ‘Jay mounded flour, made a hole in it, and dumped in a pinch of salt and then an egg.’
    pit, ditch, trench, cavity, crater, depression, hollow
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An aperture passing through something.
      ‘he had a hole in his sock’
      • ‘Mr Tincombe has tried various traps and boarded up holes the rats have got through, but says they are attracted by a compost bin next door.’
      • ‘At the centre of the dome is an oculus, a circular hole, which is the only source of light.’
      • ‘Has it ever occurred to you that maybe I want holes in my socks?’
      • ‘The roof is leaking, there are holes in the floor, the sewage pipes are broken, the heating doesn't work - there is no money in the kitty.’
      • ‘Shattered glass on the bus seats greeted the first driver to arrive for work, who discovered that vandals had broken in through a hole in the fence.’
      • ‘The government initially said the submarine had found 14 cracks or holes through which oil was leaking.’
      • ‘Mr Stoff said he did not find anything inside the store, but the vandals had made a hole in its window.’
      • ‘Throw a towel or jacket over the bird, put it in a box or container with air holes and take it to the nearest animal shelter or wildlife rehabilitation center.’
      • ‘We worked along the steel wall passing large circular holes where the heavy brass portholes had once been.’
      • ‘Suction occurs when there is a hole or fissure in the dam wall on the upstream side, and it means death for divers.’
      • ‘Each acorn was cleaned, weighed, and examined for insect larvae exit holes, splits in the shell, and protruding radicles.’
      • ‘Cut a cross-shaped hole out of the back of your t-shirt and go get sunburnt.’
      • ‘Choose a leather strap in pink, blue, white or black and then customize it by punching out the perforated holes to get your message across.’
      • ‘I made a hole in a black bin bag and put my head through it like some sort of black, plastic tabard.’
      • ‘Take a large sewing needle to puncture evenly spaced holes around the top and bottom of the shade.’
      • ‘I also discovered that most of his socks have holes in them.’
      • ‘The window pane of the restaurant was broken, leaving a hole 30 centimetres in diameter.’
      • ‘As the letter was carried from the FBI to the Army lab, some powder leaked from a hole in the envelope into the plastic bag containing it.’
      • ‘Someone had broken a hole in a meshed railing and people came through it and across the railway track to the Quay.’
      • ‘Gaping holes puncture the walls, leaving glimpses of lifeless interiors through jagged brickwork and shattered windows.’
      • ‘The majority of schools need some form of restoration because of crumbling walls, bullet holes, broken windows and leaking roofs.’
      opening, aperture, gap, space, orifice, slot, vent, outlet, chink, breach
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    2. 1.2 A cavity or receptacle on a golf course, typically one of eighteen or nine, into which the ball must be hit.
      • ‘So when I turned pro, one of my gimmicks was to throw my hat over the hole so the ball wouldn't pop out.’
      • ‘Base your decision on pace depending on what will happen to the ball after the hole.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, the Dingle man managed to get his ball just nine metres from the hole but it was a very credible attempt for someone unused to the tee.’
      • ‘I tried to focus on the speed and knew my adrenaline would get the ball to the hole.’
      • ‘Lytham is a classic seaside links, nine flattish holes out, nine flattish holes in.’
      • ‘Although his personal tussle with partner Lyle fizzled out, Jacobson admitted he had been nervous and uncomfortable in the opening holes.’
      • ‘You may face a longer putt by not being able to work the ball closer to the hole, but you will be safely on the green.’
      • ‘He'd just pick the ball out of the hole, hand me the putter and beeline for the next tee.’
      • ‘I made eagle on the same hole last year and albatross this year: I'm going to struggle to keep that going next year.’
      • ‘Your eyes can follow the ball to the hole, but your spine angle stays the same.’
      • ‘Instead of trying to just hit the green, you're trying to get the ball close to the hole.’
      • ‘The big talking point was the speed of the greens and many a golfer paid the price of leaving the ball above the hole with four putts as a reward.’
      • ‘I thought if I could hit my lob wedge and stop the ball below the hole, I had a shot at par.’
      • ‘This usually occurs on short putts as golfers try to steer the ball toward the hole.’
      • ‘On the putting surface, the track of the ball to the hole is in their mind's eye as exact as the lines on a graph.’
      • ‘Steve Ryser and Mike Franklin sunk a long putt each on holes nine and eighteen respectively.’
      • ‘When your putting goes sour in the middle of a round, here's how to get the ball rolling into the hole.’
      • ‘And if they hit the green, they hope the ball stays below the hole; anything putted from above will likely run off.’
      • ‘There is an air of anticipation among golfers in the wake of the green light for the extension of the course to eighteen holes.’
      • ‘As a result, they hit it, and the ball breaks across the hole and below it, and it never has a chance to go in.’
    3. 1.3 A hole as representing a division of a golf course or of play in golf.
      ‘Stephen lost the first three holes to Eric’
      • ‘Because of this the tournament was reduced to a 36 hole event.’
      • ‘So torrential was the downpour, that the fourth round, which had already started - it was 36 holes a day - was abandoned.’
      • ‘Garrido's round was achieved without the use of his driver, which he broke at the second hole on Friday.’
      • ‘Hoey found himself two down after the opening two holes but he had turned that deficit into a one hole advantage by lunch time.’
      • ‘It can be found, I think, on the golf course, when four friends gather for their weekly nine or eighteen holes.’
      • ‘I went back last year and it costs $5 to play nine holes and they do 50,000 rounds a year.’
      • ‘Despite the better ball format it took the Americans nine holes to produce a birdie, which was only good enough for a half.’
      • ‘Top lawyers to play 18 holes at 18 golf courses in 12 hours to raise funds for meningitis research’
      • ‘Woods found the rough with an iron at the first, thereby setting the tone for his concession of two strokes in his opening three holes.’
      • ‘They completed 72 holes at four golf courses in one day to raise more than £10,000 for Cancer Research.’
      • ‘The extent of my golf experience comes down to 18 holes on the miniature golf course at Nifty Fifty's.’
      • ‘Yesterday, although refusing to buckle under the pressure, Montgomerie was undone by a poor putting performance over the opening nine holes.’
      • ‘Harrington, who withdrew from the Open, was four under after nine holes but came home in 38 for a two under 70.’
      • ‘I knew I was playing pretty well when we stopped after nine holes to have lunch.’
      • ‘He once walked off the course after only a few holes of his opening practice round and withdrew from the upcoming Wales Open.’
      • ‘The Ulsterman made 32 plodding pars in his opening 36 holes.’
      • ‘Parkin was two holes up after nine holes, scoring a birdie at the fourth and eagling the ninth to score 33.’
      • ‘I decided to play nine holes on the Notre Dame golf course early, before she met me at my dorm.’
      • ‘No less of an authority than Jack Nicklaus called it the hardest hole in tournament golf.’
      • ‘Going back a few years, 36 holes a day was a standard in major championships.’
    4. 1.4 An animal's burrow.
      • ‘Hounds that have successfully tracked a fox are trained to pull it or dig it out of its hole, and the fox is killed.’
      • ‘From holes, burrows, and crevices, the creatures of the desert night crawled.’
      • ‘They were slippery with mud, filled with rabbit burrows and gopher holes and rather high up.’
      • ‘How convenient it was that all the prey species were excavating holes and hollows and leafy chambers.’
      • ‘While walking this earth he commented that foxes had holes and birds had nests in which to live, but he had ‘nowhere to lay his head’.’
      • ‘Other holes have been burrowed to accommodate the reef's larger residents, which give it its popular name, Conger Alley.’
      • ‘Except when you find the foxhole and the dogs go in, there's not a fox, but a weasel cowering in the corner of the hole.’
      burrow, lair, den, covert, earth, sett, drey, retreat, shelter, cave
      View synonyms
    5. 1.5in place names A valley.
      ‘Jackson Hole’
      • ‘Tonight's report takes us to the Grand Teton National Park, in Jackson Hole, Wyoming.’
    6. 1.6Physics A position from which an electron is absent, especially one regarded as a mobile carrier of positive charge in a semiconductor.
      • ‘This process leaves the top and bottom surfaces with an excess of charge which attracts mobile electrons or holes.’
      • ‘When an electron and a hole interact in a polymer, quantum mechanics tells us that their spins can combine in four different ways.’
      • ‘Irradiating such quantum dots with ultraviolet light creates excited electrons and the positive holes they leave behind.’
      • ‘Electrons are not the only charge carriers; holes, or open spaces in bonding sites can also be used in conduction.’
      • ‘And if the gate voltage is set just right, equal numbers of electrons and holes can flow through the tube in opposite directions at the same time.’
  • 2informal A small or unpleasant place.

    ‘she had wasted a whole lifetime in this hole of a town’
    • ‘Her sudden idea to bring Ryan with her, to the hole of a town she originated from, had not been discussed with him.’
    • ‘Four more fights in this hole before we get the hell out of here.’
    • ‘You have no rights, only criminals and important people have rights in this hole of a country.’
    • ‘Students were aggrieved at the possibility of being ‘stuck renting a hole in Cowley’ as Jessop put it.’
    • ‘This place is a hole, the waiters are rude, the food expensive.’
    hovel, slum, shack, mess
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 An awkward situation.
      ‘get yourself out of a hole’
      • ‘When you're in a hole, like we are, the challenge of leadership is a lot harder.’
      • ‘He pulled the club out of a big hole, but he is a businessman and he made his money back.’
      • ‘The police are incapable of satisfying all these demands, so we're in a hole.’
      • ‘The stage was huge - the World Cup - his team was in a hole, and the situation was certainly death or glory.’
      • ‘The criticism of the state companies has surfaced at a time when they appear to be climbing out of the financial holes into which they stumbled in the 1990s.’
      • ‘But with the electoral countdown ticking away, his government badly needs to pull itself out of a hole.’
      • ‘It took us 20 years to get in this hole and it's going to take us 20 years to get out.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Make a hole or holes in.

    ‘a fuel tank was holed by the attack and a fire started’
    • ‘Two days later it was holed and drifting landwards with oil gushing out of its tanks.’
    • ‘The vessel was holed in numerous tanks with loss of crude and resultant pollution.’
    • ‘The harbourmaster assessed the wreck, which was extensively holed, as unsalvageable.’
    • ‘The slick is estimated to contain some 11,000 tonnes of fuel oil - far bigger than the initial oil spill produced when one of the Prestige's tanks was holed, on November 13.’
    • ‘Casualties were light but they lost one of their ships when it hit a rock and was holed.’
    • ‘There was a tiny hut with a corrugated roof which was thoughtfully holed in several places to permit stargazing.’
    • ‘The Alliance went to Bonhomme's rescue but managed to do more harm than good, holing the Bonhomme so badly that she was eventually to sink after a fierce three-and-a-half-hour battle.’
    • ‘The slick close to Spain's shores was bigger than the 5,000 tons of fuel oil spilled when the Prestige was holed off the Galician coast on November 13.’
    • ‘The tourists spoke of the moment their cruise in Antarctica turned into a real-life adventure after their liner was holed below the water line.’
    • ‘Daly, the boat is holed and fills with water at high tide.’
    • ‘This attack only managed to hole her above the waterline and set her alight.’
    • ‘Pumps were put on the vessel, which was holed, to keep it afloat so that boats could try and tow it from the rocks.’
    puncture, make a hole in, perforate, pierce, penetrate, rupture, spike, stab, split, slit, rent, lacerate, gash, gore
    View synonyms
  • 2Golf
    Hit (the ball) so that it falls into a hole.

    ‘alternate shots from each partner until the ball is holed’
    no object ‘he holed in one at the third’
    • ‘I cut a driver into the wind to about 12 feet and although I didn't hole it for eagle, it was a birdie and a change of fortunes in the tournament.’
    • ‘Magnificently, he holed the shot and allowed himself to smile again.’
    • ‘I holed about a 40-footer for birdie on the first hole, and Mr. McKay jumped up and high-fived me.’
    • ‘He was one of five in a play-off for three places at Princes and went through in considerable style by holing a chip from seventy feet at the first tie hole.’
    • ‘Having missed the green with his approach and left with a bunker between himself and the pin, he holed the chip for a birdie to finish in 76 for a total of 152, ten over par.’
    • ‘After he holed that putt he stayed calm, kept his gum working and just raised one finger.’
    • ‘Webb made birdie from a greenside bunker, but Sorenstam duly holed for eagle.’
    • ‘I had to sit in the clubhouse and nervously watch as Michael holed about a 40-foot putt on No.17 for par to stay within one shot of me.’
    • ‘I wasn't at the green when he holed the putt and punched the air four or five times, but it remains one of my strongest memories, even now.’
    • ‘I holed a 10-footer on the last and was sure it was going to get me in, but it didn't and it's disappointing I've not had another chance.’
    • ‘Until the last putt is holed on 18, it doesn't matter.’
    • ‘Malton and Norton GC 20-handicapper Mike Punchard holed in one for the first time in 15 years of playing the game on the 169-yard 17th hole.’
    • ‘I holed a good number of putts all day, including a useful eighteen footer on my last green.’
    • ‘But a bad drive down the 17th led to only a par and when he pulled his approach to the last 45 feet wide he needed to hole it to win or three-putt to lose.’
    • ‘Then he holed for his par and the title.’
    • ‘While I was there, Nicklaus holed a birdie on the 16th.’
    • ‘What was impressive was, so shortly after holing the winning putt, just seconds after his moment of glory, Payne was thinking of my situation.’
    • ‘It looked as though it might affect him, but he said it did not and in practice on Monday he had holed in one on the 16th, admittedly with his third attempt.’
    • ‘I'm swinging the club the way I want to, the putter is okay too, it's just that I'm holing nothing.’
    • ‘Jason Horner holed in one at the fifth in Saturday's club four-ball.’

Phrases

  • blow a hole in

    • Ruin the effectiveness of (something)

      ‘the amendment could blow a hole in the legislation’
      • ‘Belle Vue's revamped side are planning to lay down a marker for a new, brighter era by blowing a hole in Oxford's Elite League title bid.’
      • ‘A report by a top level think-tank blows a hole in Government claims that the gap between rich and poor has narrowed.’
      • ‘If you love eating out, all you really need to know to avoid blowing a hole in your healthy eating plans is which dishes to go for and which to avoid.’
      • ‘Former Manchester United star Henning Berg hopes to bid a fond farewell to Old Trafford tomorrow by blowing a hole in his old club's title ambitions.’
      • ‘This is genuinely good news except for the fact that by then new genomic-based therapies will be available, blowing a hole in the national strategies.’
      • ‘He said the rate of increase in current spending would have to be cut from 22% to around 10% immediately, or else it would blow a hole in the economy.’
      • ‘As he tries to explain this theory, Gonzales blows a hole in it himself.’
      • ‘The near - 16% fall in the cost of clothing and footwear over the same period tends to blow a hole in that argument.’
      • ‘He could blow a hole in the very argument the administration was making on why we ought to go to war.’
      • ‘The SPA, he says, blows a hole in government plans for more than 200,000 new homes by 2016 in the Thames Basin and Thames Gateway areas.’
      wreck, ruin, spoil, disrupt, undo, upset, play havoc with, make a mess of, put an end to, end, bring to an end, put a stop to, terminate, prevent, frustrate, blight, crush, quell, quash, dash, scotch, shatter, vitiate, blast, devastate, demolish, sabotage, torpedo
      View synonyms
  • in the hole

    • informal In debt.

      ‘we're still three thousand dollars in the hole’
      • ‘In other words, they planned to go in the hole, but they didn't go in the hole as much as they thought.’
      • ‘The punishing combo of fewer jobs plus fewer hours worked has left family incomes in the hole.’
      • ‘So the crash, when it comes, is going to leave a lot of people deep in the hole.’
      • ‘Instead of paying once, you pay twice and the deeper you get in the hole, the more they control you.’
      • ‘And if things don't all go 100% perfectly, we'll be several billion dollars in the hole.’
  • in holes

    • Worn so much that holes have formed.

      ‘my clothes are in holes’
      • ‘I don't care if my clothes are in holes, or the curtains have shrunk or the rugs are threadbare.’
      shabby, well worn, worn, worn to shreds, threadbare, tattered, in tatters, in ribbons, in rags, in holes, holey, falling to pieces, falling apart at the seams, ragged, frayed, patched, moth-eaten, faded, seedy, shoddy, sorry, scruffy, dilapidated, crumbling, broken-down, run down, tumbledown, decrepit, deteriorated, on its last legs, having seen better days, time-worn
      View synonyms
  • make a hole in

    • Use a large amount of.

      ‘holidays can make a big hole in your savings’
      • ‘It certainly would make a hole in the $6.5 billion tax surplus that was announced yesterday.’
      • ‘If you have set up a home and want to dress it up without making a hole in your pocket then here is an option.’
      • ‘The markets are a cornucopia of plenty and the prices won't make a hole in your pocket.’
      • ‘Deflation is now making the hole in banks' balance sheets much bigger.’
  • need something like a hole in the head

    • informal Used to emphasize that someone has absolutely no need or desire for something.

      • ‘By last week, the company needed the asbestos issue like a hole in the head.’
      • ‘This club has already been dragged through the courts more than enough and needs another tribunal like a hole in the head.’
      • ‘‘We needed his injury like a hole in the head,’ said Godfrey of Smith.’
      • ‘‘Howard needs a misfiring studio like a hole in the head,’ says a top studio executive.’
      • ‘Theoretically, Ireland needs a rate cut like a hole in the head right now.’
      • ‘On the other hand, I need another expense like a hole in the head.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • hole out

    • Send the ball into a hole.

      • ‘He missed a short putt on the fifth, and after holing out he dropped the ball on the green and in his frustration made a practice putt.’
      • ‘To me, there is nothing more vital to scoring well than holing out from inside six feet or so.’
      • ‘Tiger Woods holes out for a birdie and is now two clear of the field.’
      • ‘He holed out from the 14th fairway on Sunday for an eagle that gave him a share of the lead.’
      • ‘As he waited to hole out on the 72nd green at Oakland Hills in 1937, Guldahl removed a comb from his pocket and coolly groomed his hair.’
  • hole up

    • Hide oneself.

      ‘I holed up for two days in a tiny cottage in Pennsylvania’
      • ‘Having robbed her boss's safe in order to get married, she holes up overnight at the sinister Bates motel.’
      • ‘Police believe he might be holed up somewhere in southern California where he has a number of relatives.’
      • ‘Today's elk are under such pressure that once the season opens they tend to hole up in the thickest cover they can find.’
      • ‘A Russion oil tycoon holes up in London after some dodgy dealings in his home country.’
      • ‘I've come to the realization lately that I've been holing up in my apartment way too much for far too long.’
      • ‘Some 1,200 to 3,000 fighters were believed holed up in the city before the offensive.’
      • ‘Special forces on Saturday besieging a house in the town, where five terror suspects were holed up.’
      • ‘The local garrison holed up in St Mary's Church and put up some tough opposition before falling to the superior Royalist forces.’
      • ‘I panicked at the thought of driving home and gave one fleeting thought to staying, to holing up in the car for the rest of the storm, like lovers on the run.’
      • ‘But then there was also fear that a sniper had holed up in one of the buildings down there.’
      hide, hide out, hide oneself, conceal oneself, secrete oneself, shelter, take cover, lie low, go to ground, go to earth, go underground
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English hol (noun), holian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hol (noun) ‘cave’, (adjective) ‘hollow’, and German hohl ‘hollow’, from an Indo-European root meaning ‘cover, conceal’.

Pronunciation

hole

/hōl//hoʊl/