Definition of hoard in US English:



  • 1A stock or store of money or valued objects, typically one that is secret or carefully guarded.

    ‘he came back to rescue his little hoard of gold’
    • ‘Part of a hoard of family silver which vanished for more than 100 years was yesterday sold at auction for nearly £8,000.’
    • ‘The Boeing jumbo was insured for $1.75 billion, and the company has a cash hoard of more than $1 billion.’
    • ‘A York gardener was caught red-handed with a hoard of stolen statues, gnomes and ornaments, magistrates heard.’
    • ‘‘It is imperative that you stockpile a large hoard of munchable treats,’ she says.’
    • ‘In one endless makeup bag there contained her secret stash, a hoard of makeup, creams, colors and bottles smelling of lavender and rose.’
    • ‘Many apparently converted their money hoards or business activities to dollars.’
    • ‘A treasure hoard has already landed in Singapore, and more money is on its way.’
    • ‘Luckily for investors, Gateway has a huge hoard of cash, and can continue to lose money for a few years without going bankrupt.’
    • ‘The burglars escaped with a hoard of limited edition bone china, porcelain and pottery collectables leaving behind only muddy footprints.’
    • ‘Good memories, mostly, and a hoard of treasures for the inner eye.’
    • ‘His final explanation for the hoard was that the money came from his wages as a mechanic and panel beater.’
    • ‘Against the best the country could offer the Carlow participants excelled, bringing back a hoard of medals in several disciplines.’
    • ‘His characters stay in a hotel annexed to the British Museum, so they're absorbed into its hoard of pillaged imperial trophies.’
    • ‘The squad put in some fantastic swims, collecting a hoard of medals in the process.’
    • ‘At one time there were over 3,000 statues at the site, and an inestimable hoard of gold and jewellery.’
    • ‘Hutchison has said it has a cash hoard of nearly $13 billion.’
    • ‘A police raid on a one-bedroom flat turned up a hoard of nearly 2,000 weapons, including guns and ammunition.’
    • ‘While digging for roots he finds a hoard of gold, which has now no value for him.’
    cache, stockpile, stock, store, collection, supply, reserve, reservoir, fund, accumulation, heap, pile, mass, aggregation, conglomeration, treasure house, treasure trove
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    1. 1.1 An ancient store of coins or other valuable artifacts.
      ‘a hoard of Romano-British bronzes’
      • ‘High-class Roman artefacts and coin hoards north of the frontier have been interpreted as such diplomatic gifts or subsidies, but they are few in number.’
      • ‘A slave had come to the entrance of the dragon's lair, saw a hoard of treasure and gold, and fled with a jewel-studded golden cup.’
      • ‘I also just remembered a dream where, in part of it, we uncovered this hoard of old coins, like it was a pirate treasure or something.’
      • ‘He said: ‘Almost certainly, this was a group of coins buried as a hoard.’’
      • ‘The previously illegible texts are among a hoard of papyrus manuscripts.’
      • ‘Minted AD 615-30, this is by far the oldest coin in the hoard.’
      • ‘At least the frugal Germans and their coin hoards will bring some joy to archaeologists in the fourth millennium.’
      • ‘Coin hoards have been found in Wales dating to the 9th, 10th, and 11th cents., but the coins were foreign, mainly English, Viking, or Arabic.’
      • ‘Dating back 2,000 years, they are one of the first examples of Iron Age coin hoards to be seen in Britain.’
      • ‘One of the most famous hoards of Roman coins is the Arras hoard.’
      • ‘Last season finds included a hoard of four late bronze age socketed axes and the new art.’
      • ‘This medallion was part of a hoard found in an ancient shipwreck outside the coast of Corsica early in the 1970s.’
      • ‘An important hoard of gold torcs, bronze bracelets and amber beads was found at Dooyork, Co. Mayo, in November 2001.’
      • ‘Fortunately, experts have managed to salvage a number of priceless relics, including a huge hoard of Ancient Greek gold in Kerch.’
      • ‘The high quality of the pottery, along with hoards of gold and silver found at Indus Valley sites, suggest great accumulation of wealth.’
      • ‘The talks ranged from the ‘History of the Rabbit’ to the discovery of the Silsden hoard of silver coins.’
      • ‘Coin hoards are a notable feature of the period, again perhaps indicating instability.’
      • ‘All day he had been devotedly guarding the naive angel, like an ancient dragon watching over a secret hoard of jewels and golden trinkets.’
      • ‘Mike begins listening to long forgotten audiotapes of a therapy session, while Hank discovers a hoard of old-time coins and treasures buried in the wall.’
      • ‘Sober estimates of the numbers of coins in the Wanborough hoard, mostly of Iron Age gold and silver, start at over 9,000.’
    2. 1.2 An amassed store of useful information or facts, retained for future use.
      ‘a hoard of secret information about his work’
      • ‘If we mined the other inquisition records for further nuggets, we might amass a useful hoard of such information.’
      • ‘Even so, he wrote no books and produced only a few papers and lectures, though he amassed an enormous hoard of notes.’


[with object]
  • 1Amass (money or valued objects) and hide or store away.

    ‘thousands of antiques hoarded by a compulsive collector’
    ‘many of the boat people had hoarded rations’
    • ‘We are working with schools to make sure balances are used - so they are not just hoarding money.’
    • ‘But he grew up poor, and had something with hoarding his money.’
    • ‘No team is hoarding money for Fortson, so his only hope of getting a decent check is for a sign-and-made deal.’
    • ‘But the way I see it is that I might not make it to 60, and if I don't I wouldn't want to be hoarding money, instead of enjoying myself.’
    • ‘He's spent the past two years hoarding money and watching everything that moves in Europe's utility sector.’
    • ‘Pieces that could fetch higher prices would more likely be hoarded to compensate the added cost of being caught.’
    • ‘This is even truer where wealth is hoarded at the top, as is typical of these Gulf states.’
    • ‘She is not a type of person who hoards her money in the bank for her own sake.’
    • ‘When people and businesses hoard their money, growth slows.’
    • ‘But how many paid any attention when companies started hoarding money on insecure infrastructures?’
    • ‘Hence, gold began to replace silver in circulation, causing the latter to be hoarded or exported.’
    • ‘Those on the receiving end have hoarded their money and nurtured their resentment.’
    • ‘Museum information has a history of being hoarded if not outright hidden in curatorial files.’
    • ‘As silver rose in value it was hoarded, both by private individuals and by government offices.’
    • ‘When Roderigo discovers that Iago has been hoarding his money he screams at Iago and threatens him.’
    • ‘To what purposes can the managements of our publicly traded corporations be hoarding money?’
    • ‘It works similar to a 401, which lets you hoard money before taxes for the future.’
    • ‘Of course you should be vigilant with your finances and budget carefully but hoarding money is not the answer.’
    • ‘Potential must be realized, energy must be utilized, wealth must not be hoarded.’
    • ‘Neither do they tend to be hoarded by pensioners and drug dealers in the way bank notes are.’
    store, store up, stock up on, stockpile, put aside, put by, put away, lay by, lay in, lay up, set aside, stow away, buy up, cache, amass, heap up, pile up, stack up
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    1. 1.1 Reserve in the mind for future use.
      ‘he hoarded the memory in his heart’


The words hoard and horde have some similarities in meaning and are pronounced the same, so it is unsurprising that they are sometimes confused. A hoard is ‘a secret stock or store of something,’ as in a hoard of treasure, while a horde is a disparaging word for ‘a large group of people,’ as in hordes of fans descended on the stage. Instances of hoard being used instead of horde are not uncommon: around a quarter of citations for hoard in the Oxford English Corpus are for the incorrect use


Old English hord (noun), hordian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to German Hort (noun), horten (verb).