Definition of Hittite in US English:



  • 1A member of an ancient people who established an empire in Asia Minor and Syria that flourished from c.1700 to c.1200 BC.

    • ‘We have a history of the region, which, in a sense, goes back to the Hittites; goes back earlier, to other things of a similar nature.’
    • ‘After the Bronze Age, Amorites, Western Semites, Hyksos and Hittites successively invaded the area.’
    • ‘Note however, that the earliest mention of engineer soldiers is attributed to the Hittites as early as 1600 BC.’
    • ‘Among the Hittites, the Anatolian civilization in western Turkey in the second millennium bc, a grape harvesting festival took place every year.’
    • ‘The origins of these words can be traced to the Hittites, among whose historical documents is a reference to the Hayasa.’
    • ‘There is a strange letter from a Queen of Egypt of this era, probably Ankhesenamum, to the King of the Hittites.’
    • ‘The Hittites, the Minoans, and other early civilizations left drawings of swimming and diving skills.’
    • ‘The Egyptians, Phoenicians and Hittites practised it as a special ritual in conjunction with the presentation of the dowry.’
    • ‘The Capital of the Hittites was in Asia-Minor and it was called Hatttusa.’
    • ‘The mythical Assyrian empire was often cited in this regard, as was that of the legendary Hittites.’
    • ‘The Hittites developed the caves as a nice hideout network, where they built clever doorways and traps to thwart invaders.’
    • ‘She was a Babylonian princess sent over as a peace offering from our sworn enemies, the Hittites.’
    • ‘The earliest Armenian history was related to the Hittites and the Urartians as well as with the peoples of Mesopotamia.’
    • ‘It was built in around 1, 300BC by the feared King Ramesses II - who famously defeated the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh.’
    • ‘Rollerskates only increase the mystery of the ancient Hittites.’
    • ‘After the decline of the Hittites, the region was colonized by the Greeks, and later by the Persians after the Persian Wars.’
    • ‘Many historians think that the Hittites were the only people who ever actually invented iron - everybody else got it through cultural diffusion.’
    • ‘The Hittites, who had a lunar calendar, believed the world would end about 100 B.C., when it reached an even number.’
    1. 1.1 A subject of the Hittite empire or one of their descendants, including the members of a Canaanite or Syrian people mentioned in the Bible (11th to 8th century BC).
      • ‘Another man named Beeri, a Hittite, was the father of one of the wives of Esau.’
      • ‘So the field and the cave in it were deeded to Abraham by the Hittites as a burial site.’
      • ‘Lybians in the west, Nubians in the South, Bedouin everywhere and now there is word of a nation called the Hittites.’
      • ‘The children of Heth - Hittites - are seated; Abraham, an old man, probably as white-bearded as most of us think of him, stands and bows.’
      • ‘The conquest of the state of Mitanni in the late 14th century by the Hittites had created a crucial border zone between their empire and the Egyptians.’
      • ‘After turning Uriah the Hittite into canon fodder in order to have his way with the man's wife, Bathsheba, David thinks that he has gotten away with murder.’
      • ‘Abraham bought a burial cave from the Hittites, and Sarah was interred there.’
      • ‘Much of that literature has also been found in translation in other contemporary societies of the Near East, such as the literature of the Hittites and the Canaanites.’
      • ‘She is the wife of one of his generals, Uriah, the Hittite, who is away at war.’
  • 2The Anatolian language of the Hittites, the earliest attested Indo-European language. Written in both hieroglyphic and cuneiform scripts, it was deciphered in the early 20th century.

    • ‘For example, roaming their tunnels, he's encountered virtually the same word for ‘honey’ in Hittite, Greek and Russian languages.’
    • ‘The paper dates the initial divergence of the Indo-European language family to 8700 years ago, with Hittite as the first language to split off.’
    • ‘There is a long history of comparing Hittite and Assyrian treaties with Old Testament covenant passages.’
    • ‘It exists today in myriad, fragmented Sumerian, Hittite, Babylonian, and other versions that scholars have had to piece together.’
    • ‘The structure of Old Irish, says Professor Watkins, can be compared only with that of Vedic Sanskrit or Hittite of the Old Kingdom.’
    • ‘Need I add that some of these things were as intelligible to me as Hittite tablets by the time that day arrived?’


  • Relating to the Hittites, their empire, or their language.

    • ‘After Esav marries a Hittite woman, the Pasuk indicates that he was rebellious to both his father and his mother.’
    • ‘Also, the early Hittite capital Boghazkoy had predug tunnels to allow for defensive sorties against any prospective besiegers.’
    • ‘She showed me some of the eighteen rooms, repositories of Byzantine, Hittite and Palmyrene relics.’
    • ‘After the collapse of the Hittite empire around 1200 bc the site was abandoned until the mid 1st millennium bc.’
    • ‘She then pleads with the Hittite ruler, even though the two lands were enemies at the time, to send one of his sons to be her husband.’
    • ‘Egyptian reliefs generally show Hittite chariots as heavier than their own, carrying a three-man crew.’
    • ‘In the Old Babylon version, as well as the Hittite version, Enkidu is raised by the animals and suckled on their milk.’
    • ‘The children were excused from drawing the Hittite carvings at Carchemish with me because of the mumps.’
    • ‘This ‘Succession Myth’ has striking parallels in Akkadian and Hittite texts, and seems originally to have come from the near east.’
    • ‘This brought Egypt into conflict with the equally expansionist Hittite empire.’
    • ‘However, now that we do have Hittite artificats, we can refute that line of argument.’
    • ‘This must have been a recurrent feature of the Hittite scapegoats, since in the prescription of Uhhamuwa a crowned ram has to be sent away.’
    • ‘Steel of a sort was made by the Hittite smiths, by hammering and heating the iron in contact with charcoal: a process called cementation.’
    • ‘Clay, wood and stone are his mediums while he draws inspiration from Indian, Egyptian, Hittite and Inca traditions.’
    • ‘The highly mobile Egyptian archers on the back of chariots were able to defeat the Hittite army.’


From Hebrew Ḥittīm, ultimately from Hittite Ḫatti.