The present tense used instead of the past in vivid narrative, especially in titles, such as "The Empire Strikes Back", and informally in speech, e.g., “so I say to him.”
- ‘In Bell's opinion the historic present in English is an exciting, but unusual, narrative strategy.’
- ‘This might only be a literary device or literary preference, since use of the historic present vivifies the action.’
- ‘Of course the historic present may be used with greater knowingness and subtlety.’
- ‘It includes historic present, but for the moment no attempt is made to identify instances of this.’
- ‘His best-known technique was use of the historic present, or the eternal present, as a narrative voice; he resolutely avoided the past tense.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.