Definition of histone in English:

histone

noun

Biochemistry
  • Any of a group of basic proteins found in chromatin.

    • ‘This small protein replaces histones and binds DNA in the process of spermatogenesis.’
    • ‘Indeed, chromatin is known to be rich not only in histones but also HMG proteins, which may play a role in this charge shielding.’
    • ‘One trick is to tightly wind the DNA around complexes of proteins called histones, much as thread is coiled around a spool.’
    • ‘Both nonhistone proteins and histones form complexes with TP.’
    • ‘People solve this packing problem by tightly wrapping their DNA around proteins called histones.’

Origin

Late 19th century: coined in German, perhaps from Greek histanai arrest or from histos web, tissue.

Pronunciation:

histone

/ˈhistōn/