Main definitions of henry in English

: Henry1Henry2Henry3

Henry1

proper noun

  • 1The name of eight kings of England.

    1. 1.1Henry I(1068–1135), youngest son of William I; reigned 1100–35. He conquered Normandy in 1105.
    2. 1.2Henry II(1133–89), son of Matilda; reigned 1154–89. The first Plantagenet king, he restored order and extended his kingdom.
    3. 1.3Henry III(1207–72), son of John; reigned 1216–72.
    4. 1.4Henry IV(1367–1413), son of John of Gaunt; reigned 1399–1413; known as Henry Bolingbroke. He overthrew Richard II, establishing the Lancastrian dynasty.
    5. 1.5Henry V(1387–1422), son of Henry IV; reigned 1413–22. He renewed the Hundred Years War soon after coming to the throne and defeated the French at Agincourt in 1415.
    6. 1.6Henry VI(1421–71), son of Henry V; reigned 1422–61 and 1470–71.
    7. 1.7Henry VII(1457–1509), the first Tudor king; son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond; reigned 1485–1509; known as Henry Tudor. He defeated Richard III at Bosworth Field and eventually established an unchallenged Tudor dynasty.
    8. 1.8Henry VIII(1491–1547), son of Henry VII; reigned 1509–47. Henry had six wives (Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Katherine Parr) and three children (Mary I, with Catherine of Aragon; Elizabeth I, with Anne Boleyn; and Edward VI, with Jane Seymour). His first divorce, from Catherine of Aragon, was opposed by the Pope, leading to England's break with the Roman Catholic Church.

Pronunciation:

Henry

/ˈhenrē/

Main definitions of henry in English

: Henry1Henry2Henry3

Henry2

proper noun

  • (1394–1460), Portuguese prince; known as Henry the Navigator. The third son of John I of Portugal, he organized many voyages of exploration, most notably south along the African coast, thus laying the foundation for Portuguese imperial expansion around Africa to East Asia.

Pronunciation:

Henry

/ˈhenrē/

Main definitions of henry in English

: Henry1Henry2Henry3

Henry3

proper noun

  • 1The name of seven kings of the Germans, six of whom were also Holy Roman Emperors.

    1. 1.1Henry I(c.876–936), reigned 919–936; known as Henry the Fowler. He waged war successfully against the Slavs in Brandenburg, the Magyars, and the Danes.
    2. 1.2Henry II(973–1024), reigned 1002–24; Holy Roman Emperor 1014–24; also known as Saint Henry.
    3. 1.3Henry III(1017–56), reigned 1039–56; Holy Roman Emperor 1046–56. He brought stability and prosperity to the empire, defeating the Czechs and fixing the frontier between Austria and Hungary.
    4. 1.4Henry IV(1050–1106), son of Henry III; reigned 1056–1105; Holy Roman Emperor 1084–1105. Increasing conflict with Pope Gregory VII led Henry to call a council in 1076 to depose the Pope, who excommunicated Henry.
    5. 1.5Henry V(1086–1125), reigned 1099–1125; Holy Roman Emperor 1111–25.
    6. 1.6Henry VI(1165–97), reigned 1169–97; Holy Roman Emperor 1191–97.
    7. 1.7Henry VII(c.1269/74–1313), reigned 1308–13; Holy Roman Emperor 1312–13.

Pronunciation:

Henry

/ˈhenrē/

Main definitions of henry in English

: Henry1Henry2Henry3

henry

(also h)

noun

Physics
  • The SI unit of inductance, equal to an electromotive force of one volt in a closed circuit with a uniform rate of change of current of one ampere per second.

Origin

Late 19th century: named after Joseph Henry (1797–1878), the American physicist who discovered the phenomenon.

Pronunciation:

henry

/ˈhenrē/