Definition of hemorrhage in US English:


(British haemorrhage)


  • 1An escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, especially when profuse.

    • ‘If they rupture it can cause a haemorrhage, an escape of blood within the brain.’
    • ‘If the spleen is enlarged, your child may be prohibited from playing contact sports because of the risk of rupture and hemorrhage.’
    • ‘She has no evidence of malignancy, inflammatory disease, hemorrhage, or chronic infection.’
    • ‘We report two cases of splenic rupture causing life threatening haemorrhage.’
    • ‘Although many factors have been linked to preterm delivery, including infection, fetal abnormality and antepartum hemorrhage, no specific cause can be identified in more than one half of all cases.’
    • ‘Serious reactions to large doses of epinephrine may result in a rapid rise in blood pressure, ventricular arrhythmias, cerebral hemorrhage, and angina.’
    • ‘These tumors are highly aggressive, with most deaths related to hepatic failure, massive hemorrhage, or metastatic disease.’
    • ‘A 72 year old woman undergoing laparotomy for a large gastrointestinal haemorrhage required a blood transfusion and clotting factors.’
    • ‘Other reasons for exclusion were dementia, hemorrhage, pregnancy, asthma, chronic lung disease and any contraindication to either of the study medications.’
    • ‘Delay in diagnosis increases the risk of rupture, intra-abdominal hemorrhage, blood transfusion, need for operative intervention and death.’
    • ‘A less common source of hemorrhage is the rupture of an aneurysm of traumatic or infectious origin or rupture of an arteriovenous malformation.’
    • ‘A spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhage could indicate high blood pressure, diabetes, or bleeding disorders but more commonly results from reduced lubrication in the eye.’
    • ‘Massive gastric hemorrhage was described in the preliminary autopsy report, but was omitted in the final report, which listed severe coronary artery disease as the cause of death.’
    • ‘Her general practitioner diagnosed a subarachnoid haemorrhage, which was confirmed by computed tomography.’
    • ‘One patient had liver failure and had a massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage.’
    • ‘In rats with stroke risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or advanced age, a single dose of a substance found in bacteria can provoke inflammation that leads to a blood clot or a blood vessel hemorrhage.’
    • ‘A large pseudocyst that ruptures, becomes infected, or hemorrhages requires drainage of the cyst cavity.’
    • ‘A common misunderstanding is that patients with massive pulmonary hemorrhage must have hemoptysis.’
    • ‘Patients were defined as having the pulmonary hemorrhage or infarction syndrome it they had hemoptysis, pleuritic pain, or atelectasis or parenchymal abnormality on the chest radiograph.’
    • ‘Subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm is a catastrophic event usually treated by craniotomy with clipping of the aneurysm.’
    1. 1.1 A damaging loss of valuable people or resources suffered by an organization, group, or country.
      ‘a hemorrhage of highly qualified teachers’
      • ‘The US industry has had a dramatic collapse in confidence and performance resulting in a haemorrhage of jobs, but the greatest impact of this has been on the US market.’
      • ‘The trend is a serious economic flaw because it has resulted in financial haemorrhage not to mention the serious loss of business to local insurance firms.’
      • ‘Focal hemorrhage and loss of architectural integrity were apparent.’
      • ‘So perhaps this is just what our comprehensives need, an effective way to staunch the haemorrhage of middle-class children from the state sector while generally improving standards for everyone.’


[no object]
  • 1(of a person) suffer a hemorrhage.

    ‘he had begun hemorrhaging in the night’
    • ‘But a few days later she was hemorrhaging and by the month's end, after weeks of fevers and sickness, the lady of the manor was dead.’
    • ‘By the time she reached the bathroom she was hemorrhaging and the cramps had overtaken her so that he had to grab her before she fell.’
    • ‘He found the blood vessels in her arm had hemorrhaged, and blood had collected around her median nerve, causing severe and permanent injury to her arm.’
    • ‘One Rosh Hashana, a woman began to hemorrhage badly during child birth.’
    • ‘Young men were haemorrhaging out of Ireland in the hope of greener pastures across the channel, while women left for the cities in hope of a better education.’
    • ‘I'd hemorrhaged my way the entire length of the hole.’
    • ‘Blood bubbled on his lips as it he began to haemorrhage from his chest.’
    • ‘Large doses of clover or sweet clover, for instance, may cause drastic side effects such as hemorrhaging.’
    • ‘It was her first child and she had no medical treatment and had been haemorrhaging badly as a result of the birth.’
    • ‘However, by 27 October she was in hospital and the baby, which was at full term, was at considerable risk because the placenta was haemorrhaging.’
    • ‘When her lungs began haemorrhaging, she was given up for dead.’
    • ‘Let me tell members about a case that happened in my own town, where parents woke up in the middle of the night to discover that their teenage girl was haemorrhaging in her bed.’
    • ‘His circulatory system began to malfunction, parts of body began to haemorrhage, and clots formed in his feet and hands.’
    • ‘I met Kathy one afternoon when she presented in the emergency room hemorrhaging from her lungs.’
    • ‘There are these gelatin capsules of fake blood, you put them in your mouth and bite down on them, and then when you open your mouth, it looks like you're hemorrhaging from the mouth.’
    • ‘Our eyes are so bloodshot they've hemorrhaged.’
    • ‘She stabilized for a time, but in the evening began hemorrhaging again.’
    • ‘Although he suffered further when his leg haemorrhaged, the operation so far seems to have been successful.’
    • ‘In April 1955, my mother began to hemorrhage while giving birth.’
    • ‘If enough Labour voters haemorrhage away, if the left is divided enough, the Tories can grab this election with a minority of the vote.’
    lose blood, haemorrhage
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object Expend (money) in large amounts in a seemingly uncontrollable manner.
      ‘the business was hemorrhaging cash’
      • ‘And the United States has been hemorrhaging manufacturing jobs.’
      • ‘He was also correct when he said what had previously been thought of as the mainstay industries for the town are now either haemorrhaging jobs or shutting down completely.’
      • ‘The number two airline has been hemorrhaging red ink, losing $4 billion the past two years.’
      • ‘‘Staff are not to blame for the rostering system which is haemorrhaging money from the capital budget,’ he said.’
      • ‘Britain's biggest mortgage lender was haemorrhaging customers, unable to even compete in its own core market.’
      • ‘The U.S. scientific and engineering enterprise is hemorrhaging talent into other areas at a time when it claims that it can't find workers to fill jobs.’
      • ‘What we are witnessing is the Labour Party haemorrhaging its traditional left-wing support towards the Liberal Democrats.’
      • ‘She says those collections won't resume until the city can figure out how to do so without hemorrhaging taxpayer cash.’
      • ‘All of these sites were haemorrhaging money, and started talking up movie projects as a way of sustaining their venture capital.’
      • ‘Furthermore, the mortgage banks, whose rates are typically 0.5% higher than those of unreconstructed building societies, have been haemorrhaging customers.’
      • ‘The operation's international impact was immense as aerial photographs of the shattered dams haemorrhaging millions of tons of water were flashed around the world.’
      • ‘The American film industry has a surplus balance of trade with every single country in the world when America itself is hemorrhaging trade deficits.’
      • ‘Yet, the economy has continued to hemorrhage jobs.’
      • ‘Some believe the Midwest is the real battleground for 2004, with every industrial state in the region haemorrhaging jobs.’
      • ‘With an election only five months away, Labour cannot afford to be haemorrhaging votes like this in supposedly safe seats.’
      • ‘On the pitch, at least, they have stopped haemorrhaging goals and started smashing some in.’
      • ‘Moreover, the area was haemorrhaging businesses and had been designated by the European Commission as an area of need.’
      • ‘Talking about the investment in the new main stand, the increased capacity, and the scope for making money rather than just haemorrhaging it, he insisted his family are in it for the long haul.’
      • ‘The majority of the firms are turning profits, they pointed out, unlike all those Web sites that went public in the late 1990s and hemorrhaged money.’
      • ‘I have managed to spend all five weeks of the Easter vacation not studying, and haemorrhaging money.’


Late 17th century (as a noun): alteration of obsolete haemorrhagy, via Latin from Greek haimorrhagia, from haima ‘blood’ + the stem of rhēgnunai ‘burst’.