Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A machine that temporarily takes over the functions of the heart and lungs, especially during heart surgery.
- ‘An article traces the beginnings of cardiopulmonary bypass to 1812 and states the first heart-lung machine was built in 1858.’
- ‘May 6 was the 50th anniversary of the first successful open heart operation performed with the use of a heart-lung machine.’
- ‘In the early days of cardiac surgery before the heart-lung machine was perfected, some operations were done on the beating heart.’
- ‘One-way vent valves play a crucial role during open-heart surgery by redirecting blood from the heart to a heart-lung machine.’
- ‘The circuit that was passed by the perfusionist then was clamped, and the arterial cannula was connected to the arterial line from the heart-lung machine.’
- ‘Recently, there has been interest in performing heart by-pass surgery without the use of the heart-lung machine.’
- ‘The heart is stopped with medication for the duration of the operation; a heart-lung machine keeps oxygenated blood flowing.’
- ‘Apart from the skills of the cardiac surgeon, the main technology which has allowed this operation to take place is the heart-lung machine which puts oxygen into the bloodstream while the heart is stopped during the surgery.’
- ‘On completion, the heart was allowed to pump the blood through the aortic cannula toward the heart-lung machine.’
- ‘To use modified ultrafiltration, the perfusionist who operates the heart-lung machine first modifies the pediatric CPB circuit to incorporate the modified ultrafiltration system.’
- ‘Blood is suctioned from the surgical field directly from the heart-lung machine or from sterile drainage containers, washed and processed by a machine, and reinfused into the patient.’
- ‘As the term implies, doctors attributed the problems to the pump, the heart-lung machine that takes over during surgery when doctors literally stop a heart from beating so that they can repair its blocked vessels.’
- ‘Gibbon created the first heart-lung machine, which enabled the first successful open-heart surgery in 1953.’
- ‘One of the potential side effects of being on a heart-lung machine is an intense inflammatory reaction.’
- ‘He was a perfusionist, that is, the medical technician who operates the heart-lung machine during open-heart surgery.’
- ‘Surgeons also must temporarily stop the heart and use a heart-lung machine to take over the heart's role of circulating blood in order to make the incisions.’
- ‘In addition, because it requires patients to go on a heart-lung machine for up to an hour, it has typically been reserved for patients requiring other cardiac surgical procedures, such as coronary artery bypass graft or valve repair.’
- ‘Although an able exponent of both closed cardiac surgical operations and those requiring a heart-lung machine, he later withdrew from this field to concentrate on surgery of the oesophagus.’
- ‘There an artificial heart-lung machine took over the work of her failing heart and lungs so that they can rest and heal.’
- ‘This is carried out in a hospital under general anaesthesia and uses a heart-lung machine.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.