Definition of hazard in US English:

hazard

noun

  • 1A danger or risk.

    ‘the hazards of smoking’
    • ‘Across the country the organisation has brought together experts in infectious disease, and chemical and radiation hazards.’
    • ‘There are no guarantees, except to say that the hazard or risk can be reduced if conservation practices are properly applied.’
    • ‘Tornado hazard in such regions is probably somewhat higher than the model predicts.’
    • ‘It's expected to make users aware of the scientific uncertainties about the use of mobiles and will focus on the potential health hazards to children.’
    • ‘All chemicals must be accompanied by public data on hazards or risk being taken off the market.’
    • ‘If ever you see a flooded road, or another traffic hazard, be sure to phone into the studio.’
    • ‘She told The Washington Post that the hazards and risks of nanotechnology are poorly understood.’
    • ‘Greater floodplain occupancy is putting more people at risk to the flood hazard.’
    • ‘The benefits of antiplatelet therapy outweigh any hazards.’
    • ‘The main hazard is the risk of deep vein thrombosis.’
    • ‘The doctor delivered a speech on the hazards of smoking.’
    • ‘The Department of Education recently wrote to all primary schools reminding them of the potential health hazards posed by overweight schoolbags.’
    • ‘The 1998 case is a notorious example of the hazards of credit risk.’
    • ‘Ensuring safe delivery and optimal care of the baby at birth eliminates the risk of peri-natal hazards to the brain.’
    • ‘The reports of anthrax cases have put a renewed focus on the risks and hazards posed by biological agents.’
    • ‘These will detail the effects of smallpox, anthrax, mustard gas and other chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards.’
    • ‘A high incidence of brush fires has raised concerns about the potential hazard that could result from exposed terrain affected by heat.’
    • ‘Choked drains and polluted water bodies are to be tracked and cleaned up as they are the potential sources of health hazards.’
    • ‘I can't think of many politicians in the past five years who have risked the hazards of a modern high school classroom or a teeming community college campus.’
    • ‘The minister said that farming is probably the only employment sector that poses such enormous direct risks and hazards for both children and elderly people.’
    danger, risk, peril, threat, menace
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A potential source of danger.
      ‘a health hazard’
      • ‘All employers must identify hazards, assess risks and prepare a safety statement, which must then be communicated to employees.’
      • ‘He should be alert to the hazards and risks inherent in any professional task he undertakes.’
      • ‘Once airborne, we received more information and re-evaluated the situation, hazards, and risks.’
      • ‘It was shut following a risk assessment by the council, which identified several dangerous hazards.’
      • ‘What happens if the residual hazards identified in the risk analysis cannot be avoided?’
      • ‘Security can be regarded as the absence of risks and hazards.’
      • ‘The planning system should guide development to lessen the risk from natural or man made hazards.’
      • ‘If you are confident that you understand the work, you can do the hazard identification and risk assessment yourself.’
      • ‘There had been concerns about potential health and safety hazards, including the fact that Miss Halliday would have to wear a tightly-fitting corset.’
      • ‘Another hazard is tending to accident victims or to people who need medical assistance.’
      • ‘It identifies the hazards and associated risks and then lists the control measures that need to be put in place.’
      • ‘I remember that those toys were recalled because they were a choking hazard.’
      • ‘Depleted uranium is officially considered to be more of a toxic than a radiological hazard.’
      • ‘After assessing each hazard, you develop one or more controls to either eliminate the hazard or reduce the risk of a mishap.’
      • ‘Some camps have taken the necessary steps to control cooking hazards and the risk of fire.’
      • ‘Controls are actions taken to eliminate hazards or reduce risk.’
      • ‘This teaches us to assess and minimize risk by identifying hazards and implementing controls.’
      • ‘They claim they face hazards including risks of flood, fire, gas and explosion and should not be expected to work the long shifts.’
      • ‘The crew failed to identify hazards, to assess risks and to implement controls.’
      • ‘The council has revealed that potential health hazards, like broken rails and track wear and tear, have led to the closure.’
    2. 1.2 A permanent feature of a golf course which presents an obstruction to playing a shot, such as a bunker or stream.
      • ‘While bunkers are hazards by the rules of golf, the native grass edging is not a hazard but plays as difficult or even more difficult.’
      • ‘No matter which treatment method is used, the basic rules for maintaining water features and hazards remain the same.’
      • ‘I aim away from the hazard and land safely.’
      • ‘There are powder-white bunkers and marshland as hazards.’
      • ‘A player's tee shot lands in the fairway and rolls toward a water hazard, but the player can't see if it went in.’
      • ‘On holes where existing features provided hazards, fairway bunkers were deemed an unnecessary luxury.’
      • ‘The solution is to sometimes remind golfers that sand bunkers are a hazard.’
      • ‘He chased his errant tee shot into a hazard.’
      • ‘An architect probably is in the best position to determine the strategic aspects of the bunker as a hazard.’
      • ‘He planted an awesome approach shot on the green from the edge of a water hazard.’
      • ‘Bunkers are hazards, according to the rules of golf.’
      • ‘I guess because of the distance and the water hazard, it seemed like a miracle shot.’
      • ‘Water hazards are especially tricky for grounding your club.’
      • ‘He got a great kick out of tackling Mount Juliet's delightful putting green with its water hazards and bunkers.’
      • ‘He hit his tee shot in a hazard.’
      • ‘The course provides a stern test for competitors as it features sharp, rolling contours, mini-lake water hazards and sand bunkers.’
      • ‘Thinking my ball was lost after hitting a tee shot into a water hazard, l played a provisional ball.’
      • ‘One segment in the movie features the group driving golf cars recklessly around a course, jumping over bunkers and water hazards.’
      • ‘When you have to carry a hazard or greenside bunker, find out what the yardage is, add 10 yards, and play to that distance.’
      • ‘You'll see grass bend as balls roll through the rough, or see clouds of sand fly up as an errant shot falls into a hazard.’
  • 2literary Chance; probability.

    • ‘In these poems, nothing is left to hazard or given for mere poetic effect.’
    • ‘And although he tries to concoct it, there is scant sense of hazard.’
    • ‘Those changes simply could not have happened by hazard’
    chance, probability, fortuity, luck, fate, destiny, fortune, providence, serendipity, accident
    View synonyms
  • 3A gambling game using two dice, in which the chances are complicated by arbitrary rules.

    • ‘The Game of Hazard may be played by any Number of Persons.’
    • ‘The principal game played was hazard, of which there were two kinds.’
    • ‘Who will go with me to hazard, For a hundred English prisoners?’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Venture to say (something)

    ‘he hazarded a guess’
    • ‘I'm tempted to leave those as rhetorical questions, but I'll hazard an answer.’
    • ‘I've been wrong too many times before to hazard a guess now.’
    • ‘Although I'll hazard the guess that Paris will win, I think I'll express a preference for London!’
    • ‘Of the 1,000 parents and grandparents surveyed, 28% were unable even to hazard a guess about the level of costs.’
    • ‘Without a menu in front of me, I genuinely couldn't have hazarded a sensible stab at what the meal's components were.’
    • ‘But I will nevertheless hazard offering two observations.’
    • ‘I could hazard a guess, but it would be merely that - a guess.’
    • ‘At the end he hazards an estimate, cautiously and with qualifications, that the Aboriginal population was perhaps 600 when the settlers arrived.’
    • ‘Thankfully, the only person who hazarded a guess got it wrong.’
    • ‘I hazard to state that there would be very few rape victims who are not, on a daily basis, reminded of the crime committed against them.’
    • ‘It is far too early to hazard any kind of decent guess at the likely outcome.’
    • ‘Orwell admired Joyce as the king of literary modernism, while hazarding the possibility that his best books may well turn out to be Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.’
    • ‘It is almost impossible to hazard a guess as to what will happen.’
    • ‘Everyone around him hazards a guess, but they are all wildly speculative.’
    • ‘And who will hazard a guess as to what the Ireland of 2020 will be like?’
    • ‘I would hazard the view that Shreshtha's recent oil paintings are among the most important works he has produced in his career.’
    • ‘Some were hazarding a guess that perhaps there had been an accident or breakdown, but no one knew for sure.’
    • ‘No respectable economist would hazard growth projections for any longer time frame than a decade.’
    • ‘No one's even hazarding a guess on the loss of life or the extent of the damage.’
    • ‘I'm lucky enough to have internet access, although I'd hazard a guess that thousands haven't, particularly the elderly.’
    venture, put forward, proffer, advance, volunteer
    View synonyms
  • 2Put (something) at risk of being lost.

    ‘the cargo business is too risky to hazard money on’
    • ‘I figured I'd force myself to take risks, hazard extra dangers, go where reporters weren't.’
    • ‘Washington drew the line at hazarding the lives of U.S. pilots by ordering low-level attacks.’
    • ‘You hazard your good name and very nearly ruin the reputation of others.’
    • ‘I'll hazard a wager: no one will ever turn up with thirty-year-old originals.’
    • ‘The shocking discovery of discarded glue bags raises the frightening spectre of youngsters hazarding their lives in search of cheap thrills.’
    • ‘I would hazard a bet that hardly anyone knew or cared what the creators said.’
    • ‘We should avoid the mistake of hazarding our national transport systems again.’
    • ‘In order to achieve a world record and generate a stunning effect, we defy great risks, even hazarding our lives.’
    risk, put at risk, jeopardize, chance, gamble, stake, bet, take a chance with
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English (in hazard (sense 3 of the noun)): from Old French hasard, from Spanish azar, from Arabic az-zahr ‘chance, luck’, from Persian zār or Turkish zar ‘dice’.

Pronunciation

hazard

/ˈhæzərd//ˈhazərd/