One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The alteration of behavior by the subjects of a study due to their awareness of being observed.
- ‘A Hawthorne effect could occur in both acupuncture and placebo treatment groups because they were studied.’
- ‘To minimize the impact of the Hawthorne effect, no nursing specialty was emphasized more than another.’
- ‘When unable to conduct hypothesis-driven research, they strive to be value-neutral and ‘objective’ in the field, thus avoiding the Hawthorne effect.’
- ‘It might be argued that a Hawthorne effect was created while the investigator gave a brief talk on changing attitudes toward sexuality before collecting data.’
- ‘The results cannot be explained by the Hawthorne effect as they have been sustained over five years.’
- ‘There were some concerns that the introduction of the badges would introduce a Hawthorne effect.’
- ‘As in any observational study, the Hawthorne effect is a possibility.’
- ‘This observation suggests that the act of monitoring produces benefits beyond the so-called Hawthorne effect.’
- ‘The modest improvement we observed is probably explained by a Hawthorne effect.’
- ‘The improvement in mortality could also be an indirect effect, unrelated to the medical emergency team - namely the Hawthorne effect.’
- ‘To avoid performance bias due to the Hawthorne effect, the investigators purposely scheduled the observations during the last 2 months of the intervention phase of the larger study.’
1960s: from Hawthorne, the name of one of the Western Electric Company's plants in Chicago, where the phenomenon was first observed in the 1920s.
In this article we explore how to impress employers with a spot-on CV.