Definition of hawkweed in English:



  • A widely distributed plant of the daisy family, typically having small yellow dandelionlike flower heads and often growing as a weed.

    • ‘Treatments such as fertilization can increase the competitive ability of more desirable plants, preventing hawkweeds from becoming established.’
    • ‘In lawns, mowing of hawkweeds is ineffective because the low-lying rosettes are missed by mower blades.’
    • ‘Several alternative common names for yellow and orange hawkweed contain the word ‘devil’.’
    • ‘Most hawkweeds have the characteristic orange flower on top of a slender stalk.’
    • ‘Orange hawkweed is quite widespread in New Zealand and has the potential to become a major problem there.’
    • ‘The grant will also assist in raising the profile of hawkweeds in the islands and engaging volunteers in hawkweed conservation efforts.’
    • ‘Fertilizers and soil fertility management have been used to effectively control hawkweeds in some areas.’
    • ‘He has been studying hawkweed as a candidate for biocontrol.’
    • ‘The ancient Greeks believed that the sap of hawkweeds was responsible for the keen eyesight of hawks.’
    • ‘Orange hawkweed is the only species with orange flowers and a typically leafless stem.’
    • ‘Orange hawkweed is found from western Washington to Wyoming and is known to occur in eastern states.’
    • ‘We were not able to find out whether the few-leaved hawkweed was native or European in origin.’
    • ‘Orange hawkweed has a shallow root system and underground creeping stems called rhizomes.’
    • ‘Orange hawkweed has above ground runners, grows to 0.6 metres tall, and contains a milky juice.’
    • ‘Hawks, whose survival depended on good eyesight, are said to have visited the hawkweeds to drink their juice to strengthen their eyesight.’


Late Old English, rendering Latin hieracium, based on Greek hierax ‘hawk’: Pliny believed that hawks fed on this plant to strengthen their eyesight.