Definition of Hasmonean in US English:



  • Relating to the Jewish dynasty established by the Maccabees.

    • ‘The last two Hasmonean rulers (from the line of the Maccabees) were two brothers: Hyrcanus and Aristobolus.’
    • ‘There is no mention of the Second Temple, the Maccabees, the Hasmonean kingdom, Herod the Great, or the Jewish wars against the Romans - all key points in the city's history.’
    • ‘In the emic narrative of the Hasmonean revolt Antiochus is infuriated by the news of Judas' defeat of Seron's army at Beth-horon.’
    • ‘They start a new ruling dynasty in Israel - the Hasmonean dynasty - which lasts for 103 years and which is marked by a terrible moral and religious decline.’
    • ‘He found in this period, and especially in the Hasmonean dynasty, a golden age of Jewish independence that could serve as a model and inspiration for his own generation and its quest for national ‘resurrection and redemption.’’


  • A member of the Hasmonean dynasty.

    • ‘In 37, having married Mariamme, granddaughter to both of the feuding Hasmoneans, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, Herod took Jerusalem, with the assistance of Gaius Sosius.’
    • ‘It can be argued that, as a descendant of the Hasmoneans, Josephus was heir to some orally transmitted family traditions.’
    • ‘To date, the earliest known miqva'ot are located in the palaces of the Hasmoneans in Jericho, on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, and in synagogues in Jericho and at Gamala, Masada, and Herodion.’
    • ‘The next ruler is Yochanan Hyrcanus, and we can see from his name the Greek influence that is creeping in - the Hasmoneans are becoming Hellenized.’
    • ‘In First Maccabees none of the Hasmoneans are given the royal title, but they are addressed as leaders, while later John Hyrcanus will claim the title of king.’


From modern Latin Asmonaeus (from Greek Asamonaios, the grandfather of Mattathias, head of the Maccabees in the 2nd century BC) + -an.