Definition of hard in English:



  • 1Solid, firm, and rigid; not easily broken, bent, or pierced.

    ‘a hard mattress’
    ‘ground frozen hard as a rock’
    • ‘Outside the night was cool and fresh, but the ground was hard and still the rains had not come.’
    • ‘We finally dumped our bags on the floor and collapsed on the rock hard beds in silence.’
    • ‘She sat down to the hard floor of the tunnel and sat there, thinking about what to do.’
    • ‘The easiest way to crack it is to wrap it in a grocery bag and drop it on a hard floor.’
    • ‘The volunteers used to sleep a dozen to a room on thin pallets laid out on the hard floor of their offices.’
    • ‘The cold weather had made the ground solid and too hard for the dirt to trap footprints.’
    • ‘After all, it takes a certain commitment to pay high prices for a hard seat in a draughty theatre.’
    • ‘Wes awoke with a start when he felt something hard whack him in the stomach.’
    • ‘When Anna awoke, she found herself back in a side room of the main lab on a rather hard bed.’
    • ‘The floor is hard, but cool and somehow the food tastes better and the conversation is lighter.’
    • ‘The pathways break down when it loses the natural, hard compact soil which keeps the path together.’
    • ‘Some may insist you sleep on mats on hard floors to straighten out the spine, but they are in a minority.’
    • ‘This method can produce a wide range of products, from oily coatings to hard coatings and powders.’
    • ‘Make sure there are no sharp corners or hard edges where she could hurt herself.’
    • ‘At the time, I was on my feet all day at work on a very cold, hard concrete floor.’
    • ‘Boots thudded on the hard floor as the man wearing them looked into each of the cells.’
    • ‘Don't worry about the pears being a bit hard - they'll ripen in seconds on the grill.’
    • ‘Now he lay on the hard mattress of a cheap hotel, staring at the empty space next to him.’
    • ‘Home for them was a cold, damp shed, with a hard concrete floor with little or no bedding.’
    • ‘Having made his decision, Brett turned over on the uncomfortable, hard floor, satisfied.’
    • ‘Her body lay flat against the hard mattress she had been lying in for little over a week.’
    • ‘He takes a step before his eyes suddenly roll back in his head and he collapses on the hard floor.’
    • ‘I lay splayed out, face down on the hard floor for a minute or two, paralysed by embarrassment and surprise.’
    • ‘My youngest daughter fell out of her high chair on to a hard floor.’
    • ‘Some skaters prefer this for the tiny increase in control you get with very hard carbon fibre skate boots.’
    • ‘I lay on my back on the hard floor, moving my bag up underneath my head for a bit of comfort.’
    • ‘He handed it to Vicky who found it unexpectedly light, it looked so ornate and delicate but felt solid and hard.’
    • ‘Breathing became difficult, her muscles shook, and she toppled to her knees on the hard floor.’
    firm, solid, dense, rigid, stiff, resistant, unbreakable, inflexible, unpliable, impenetrable, unyielding, solidified, hardened, compact, compacted, steely, tough, strong, stony, rock-like, flinty, close-packed, compressed, as hard as iron, as hard as stone
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    1. 1.1 (of a person) not showing any signs of weakness; tough.
      ‘the hard, tough, honest cop’
      • ‘If he played on the right he came up against notorious hard man Tommy Banks.’
      • ‘This one-time military hard man has, he admits, grown attached to his home comforts.’
      • ‘We have hard men on our team who will always go for the ball.’
      • ‘He also recently traded in his harmonica for a role as a hard man in a television drama.’
      • ‘They elected the hard man, the sheriff who would give them the best protection.’
      • ‘He's obviously no pushover, but I think he probably needs someone to be the hard man at his side.’
      • ‘What a pity it would be if the Australian debacle was to bring the hard man back to centre stage again.’
      • ‘Three nights in Florence and I'd become a softy and I was scared of these Southern hard men.’
      • ‘Vince is a hard player, a good talker, and unlike most good talkers, is a most positive doer.’
      • ‘Too many times midfielders, the ultimate hard men on the pitch, were knocked off the ball.’
      • ‘I used to be removed from the house because I looked like a hard man whereas my wife was educated.’
      • ‘His detractors lead one to imagine Mr Carey to be the archetypal cigar-chewing hard man in a sheepskin coat.’
      • ‘Many a coach must have asked their resident hard man to successfully confront Johnson, but none have managed it.’
      • ‘She is forced to be hard and stick to her decisions, but she is always fair.’
      • ‘He's a hard man, unafraid of any opposition, and he gets other people working well and riled up.’
      • ‘As I was serving the buffet the midfield hard man asked me to put Ceefax on the telly so he could see what the Scotland score was.’
      • ‘He was a member of the Cadet Force and rose to the rank of sergeant with a reputation as being a hard man.’
      • ‘You want to know what his hard men who had done well out of Napoleon and the Bourbon Restoration might look like?’
      • ‘Aaron plays the lead role as a hard man who runs a garage with two friends.’
      • ‘Just a sniff of weakness and these hard men will grab the opportunity with both hands.’
      • ‘If you look at the nature of people involved in gangs in Scotland, a lot of them would be regarded as being very hard people.’
    2. 1.2 (of prices of stock, commodities, etc.) stable or firm in value.
      • ‘Since nearly 70% of hard stock is tightly held and not available for sale at the moment, that leaves a very small number of hard shares available.’
      • ‘It is a company built on hard assets.’
      • ‘Examples of hard commodities include platinum, copper and oil.’
      • ‘In uncertain times, investors usually prefer the certainty of hard money.’
  • 2Done with a great deal of force or strength.

    ‘a hard blow to the head’
    • ‘He gave Tyler a rather hard slap on the back that made him nearly fall over the counter.’
    • ‘Josh ran over to Alex who had just given me a really hard blow to the cheek bone.’
    • ‘He had reluctantly left, returned and then hit Mohammed Akbar a hard blow on the head with a baseball bat.’
    • ‘The police asked me if the child had fallen or received a hard blow to the injured area of her head.’
    • ‘Danny had forced a hard kiss onto her roughly and now, he was standing there shocked.’
    • ‘We chose to sit on a comfortable settee rather than on hard chairs or impractical looking stools.’
    • ‘Daryl immediately released her and stepped back like he had received a hard blow in the chest.’
    • ‘As he was doing so he felt a hard blow to the side of his face and then another to the top of his head, he told the court.’
    • ‘If he does anything tricky just give him a good hard whack with these here gauntlets.’
    • ‘Ichiru choked for a second, and Watz gave him a hard whack on his back before it would go down.’
    • ‘The attack involved several hard blows to the side of the head and being punched in the face, according to Mr Dixon.’
    • ‘Not once did the woman utter a sound, any cry of pain, she simply stood there, flinching when a hard blow came down on her.’
    • ‘It then made several very long hard runs forcing me to give line and then play it back.’
    • ‘The next hard blow to the head could be fatal, they said, and he must not fight again.’
    • ‘He reached for the knife from his father's wooden box and struck two hard blows into his stomach.’
    • ‘He said softly while he caressed the side of my face that was still hurting from his hard blow.’
    • ‘Buddy cuffed Roy on the head, slapped a small shovel in his hands, and gave him a hard shove.’
    • ‘I had grown angry and pursued him in a fit of fury when he had rejoined his family and given him a hard blow to his head, that is for a two year old.’
    forceful, heavy, strong, sharp, smart, violent, powerful, vigorous, mighty, hefty, tremendous
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  • 3Requiring a great deal of endurance or effort.

    ‘stooping over all day was hard work’
    • ‘To be a successful President is hard enough without having to spend the majority of the year playing catch up.’
    • ‘It takes determination, overtime and hard graft, but there is nothing like starting your own business.’
    • ‘It's a body of thinking and writing whose limits are exceedingly hard to define.’
    • ‘Searching for new wrecks requires patience and sometimes hard choices.’
    • ‘Looking at Julia as she cuddles her beautiful young daughter, it's hard to believe how different life used to be.’
    • ‘Quite what effect his outbursts are having on his daughter is hard to imagine.’
    • ‘She still found it hard to believe that he had survived the fire with just a small amount of injuries.’
    • ‘It was hard to resist the temptation to eat the oranges as fast as we picked them.’
    • ‘I think if someone has never experienced depression or that depth of emotional despair it can be hard to comprehend.’
    • ‘The planting involved a great deal of hard work from our volunteers.’
    • ‘I find this very hard to answer and the reason is that almost anything is possible now.’
    • ‘She also said the uncertainty of the past week had been very hard to deal with.’
    • ‘In order to be successful with your career or your hobby, you have to put a lot of effort and hard work into it.’
    • ‘However, all the hard work is still to come when we fully open to the public.’
    • ‘A team-builder, he has a huge appetite for hard work, but can always break off for a laugh or a joke’
    • ‘People say that it takes ten years of hard study to prepare for a career and love.’
    • ‘So looking at the big picture, it is hard to see why prices should rise at all.’
    • ‘It is not only hard physical work that makes people exhausted, stress has a similar effect.’
    • ‘Sorting out serious debt can be a long hard slog and their support is often invaluable.’
    • ‘Now that the damage is setting in, she tires easily and finds it hard to fight off common infections.’
    arduous, strenuous, tiring, fatiguing, exhausting, wearying, back-breaking, gruelling, heavy, laborious
    difficult, puzzling, perplexing, baffling, bewildering, mystifying, knotty, thorny, ticklish, problematic, enigmatic, complicated, complex, intricate, involved, tangled, insoluble, unfathomable, impenetrable, incomprehensible, unanswerable
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    1. 3.1 Putting a lot of energy into an activity.
      ‘he'd been a hard worker all his life’
      • ‘That is why scientists in York are hard at work on developing a new type of packaging that can be composted.’
      • ‘The Berkeley team and others are now hard at work looking at the chemistry of elements 107 and above.’
      • ‘They were hard at work heading over the cruelly steep hill that would take them into Denholme then home.’
      • ‘Hermance was a strong willed person and a hard worker with good organizational skills.’
      • ‘By the time they got back round the harbour, three men were already hard at work.’
      • ‘A woodpecker had himself a nice fat acorn, and he was hard at work to crack it open.’
      • ‘We're hard at work on a new show for White Cube, run by the lovely Jay Jopling.’
      • ‘Gritting teams were hard at work today clearing routes but some councils were accused of leaving it too late.’
      • ‘Lekota said the government and the defence force were hard at work to reduce the infection rate.’
      diligent, hard-working, industrious, sedulous, assiduous, conscientious, energetic, keen, enthusiastic, zealous, earnest, persevering, persistent, unflagging, untiring, indefatigable
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    2. 3.2 Difficult to bear; causing suffering.
      ‘times were hard at the end of the war’
      ‘he'd had a hard life’
      • ‘I have the greatest sympathy with those on hard times as I have experienced that myself.’
      • ‘It's great for Roger because he's had a hard time since he suffered a horrendous injury last season.’
      • ‘It is her ability to deal with the hard times that her son-in-law so admires.’
      • ‘David Frederick was the big brother I never got as a kid, and so losing him was a hard blow.’
      • ‘They have worked in hard conditions with poor weather and yet they have done wonderful work.’
      • ‘No doubt the ban has been a hard blow to some parts of the hospitality industry.’
      • ‘Even reproducing artists are beginning to sense the hard times ahead.’
      • ‘Some time later he experienced hard times and was forced to sell some of his land.’
      • ‘People were having hard times, relationship difficulties, and it does rub off on you.’
      • ‘It is a very hard and difficult life when a child in the family is autistic.’
      • ‘They were on the whole extremely sympathetic to the hard lives which most of their readers led.’
      • ‘So it's up to you to show that a squirrel knows about winter, and hard times ahead, when it buries nuts.’
      • ‘He had a very hard life, did all the difficult jobs working-class men do.’
      • ‘Sinatra was born into hard times, the son of Italian immigrants, in Hoboken, New Jersey.’
      • ‘The lifestyle of peasants in Medieval England was extremely hard and harsh.’
      • ‘She had endured an extremely hard life.’
      • ‘And going to jail this time I had a really hard time, I've been to jail a few times but this last time was bad.’
      • ‘The club is hoping for a better second half to the season but life is hard because of the financial restraints.’
      • ‘Relaxation helps you to build energy that can be called upon to get you through hard times.’
      • ‘This is a very hard blow to take, as you can imagine, but in the police service one has to expect the unexpected.’
      • ‘Although conditions were hard the system was well established and functioned for years.’
      • ‘But they hope to supplement their income with winnings when times are hard, too.’
      • ‘Talya was the most vulnerable and she had a very hard time. She bore the brunt of her mum's anger.’
      harsh, grim, difficult, bad, bleak, dire, tough, austere, unpleasant, disagreeable, uncomfortable, intolerable, unendurable, unbearable, insupportable
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    3. 3.3 Difficult to understand or solve.
      ‘this is a really hard question’
      with infinitive ‘she found it hard to believe that he could be involved’
    4. 3.4 Not showing sympathy or affection; strict.
      ‘my father is no longer the hard man he once was’
      • ‘His voice was hard and harsh, strict and stern.’
      • ‘Gilbert is a hard taskmaster, but Murray certainly knew that before they got together.’
      • ‘Taylor considers himself to be something of a hard taskmaster but he has been delighted with the response of his players.’
      • ‘Not only is it a hard taskmaster, insatiable in the demands it makes on its followers, it often saves the best till last.’
      • ‘He is said by colleagues to be a hard taskmaster who does not tolerate failure.’
      • ‘He seemed a hard taskmaster, but he did it all for what he saw to be the ultimate good.’
      • ‘He has been portrayed in some quarters as a hard taskmaster who doesn't suffer fools gladly.’
      • ‘Many liken him to a stern Victorian mill owner but there is a soft centre lurking within the hard exterior.’
      • ‘She snatched the boy by his collar on his tunic, and half-dragged him the rest of the way up the hill, her face hard.’
      strict, harsh, firm, severe, stern, tough, rigorous, demanding, exacting, unkind, unfriendly, unsympathetic, cold, heartless, hard-hearted, cold-hearted, unfeeling, intransigent, unbending, uncompromising, inflexible, intolerant, implacable, stubborn, obdurate, unyielding, unrelenting, unsparing, lacking compassion, grim, ruthless, merciless, oppressive, tyrannical, pitiless, callous, cruel, vicious, unjust, unfair
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    5. 3.5 (of a season or the weather) severe.
      ‘it's been a long, hard winter’
      • ‘In times gone by, a big year for berries was regarded as an indicator of a hard winter ahead but this it is not always the case.’
      • ‘Certainly the winters can be hard - but by all accounts not as bad as in the old days!’
      • ‘Eiswein is made from grapes left on the vines until the first hard frost of winter.’
      • ‘They say the crows nested twice this year as there will be no food to feed the young next spring due to the hard weather.’
      • ‘Experts at the Royal Botanic Garden in Edinburgh had been fearing a hard winter.’
      • ‘It is a time characterised by a lack of vitamins in the human body after a hard winter.’
      • ‘A hard rain while the vines are flowering will knock the blooms off the plant and reduce the size of the crop.’
      • ‘It could be a long, hard winter for people who rely on home heating oil to stay warm.’
      • ‘All the bees had died and I had to build it up from scratch from one queen that survived a hard winter.’
      • ‘If the concrete has not set and the rain is hard or the slope is steep, nobody will be happy.’
      • ‘They grow big and can often be caught in all weathers, even in hard winter conditions.’
      • ‘That's far too organised and impractical for us, though, as we have a long hard winter to get through.’
      • ‘Those words may have to console the goalkeeper through a long, hard winter.’
      • ‘Two rhododendrons were about to bloom in the governor's garden, which looked as if it had survived a hard winter.’
      • ‘This can mean the difference between life and death during a hard winter.’
      • ‘During the first hard winters, the more delicate settlers had a smaller chance of staying alive.’
      • ‘I could hear debris hitting the house and the rain was so hard I was sure we were in for a flood.’
      • ‘If the rains are too hard, young plants and seedlings can be washed away.’
      • ‘After a very hard winter with huge amounts of snow the season had been expected to get under way later than usual.’
      • ‘But there are two things that should be pointed out to those who really know about hard winters.’
      bitterly cold, cold, bitter, harsh, severe, extreme, bleak, freezing, icy, icy-cold, arctic, polar, siberian, glacial
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    6. 3.6 Harsh or unpleasant to the senses.
      ‘the hard light of morning’
      • ‘Then there you are in the broken temple on top, in the hard sunshine, looking down on the world.’
      • ‘Looking out over this parched, shimmering landscape in the cold hard light of morning it's a miracle that anything survives here at all.’
      • ‘The church basement is cold and hard morning light breaks through high windows.’
      • ‘We drive for a while and suddenly there is a loud, hard noise, and people run in all directions.’
      • ‘The house is cold and the car is cold and everything is cold, bright, hard and vacant.’
      harsh, grim, difficult, bad, bleak, dire, tough, austere, unpleasant, disagreeable, uncomfortable, intolerable, unendurable, unbearable, insupportable
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    7. 3.7 (of wine) harsh or sharp to the taste, especially because of tannin.
      • ‘A hard wine has not aged enough to achieve a proper balance.’
      • ‘If your wine is too hard, too tannic, too acidic, snap the pouring unit onto your bottle, pour the wine through it, and it will be altered into a better state by the magnets inside.’
      • ‘Too much tannin and the wine is hard and earthy.’
  • 4(of information) reliable, especially because based on something true or substantiated.

    ‘hard facts about the underclass are maddeningly elusive’
    • ‘Yet today those interest rate cuts were interpreted as hard proof that things must be bad.’
    • ‘It is only a failure if we think that individuals should be detained on mere assertions and not on hard proof.’
    • ‘There were constant rumours of further waves but there was no hard information as we had no radio or TV.’
    • ‘I think the time has come to stop playing around and to seek out some hard information.’
    • ‘The officer added that it was difficult for the police to name suspects now due to lack of hard evidence.’
    • ‘They realised we had hard evidence on what was happening and they promised to cooperate.’
    • ‘It takes a special kind of mindset to be this delusional in the face of cold, hard facts.’
    • ‘But there appears to be little hard evidence of pupils failing to turn up for the second paper.’
    • ‘I, for one, would need a lot more hard information before I could make my mind up about it.’
    • ‘We pointed out that this did not amount to hard evidence and that there could be other explanations for what we saw.’
    • ‘The kinds of stories that go on the front page of newspapers are hard news.’
    • ‘When and how will they begin to retract their unambiguous presentation of the story as hard news?’
    • ‘But you really need to have hard proof of some sort if you wanted those theories to stick.’
    • ‘There is also no hard evidence to suggest that the UK economy will suffer because of a future skills shortage.’
    • ‘They both treated it in a clinical way, making sure to get the cold, hard facts reported.’
    • ‘Of course, the papers were rife with opinion and speculation but cold hard facts were thin on the ground.’
    • ‘He urged investors to make their decisions based on hard information and not rumors.’
    • ‘You couldn't actually put any real hard facts in this article could you?’
    • ‘But there is no hard evidence that he ever met Richard, let alone searched for him across Europe.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, hard proof that he ordered the hijackings may never come to light.’
    reliable, definite, true, actual, confirmed, undeniable, indisputable, unquestionable, verifiable
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    1. 4.1 (of a subject of study) dealing with precise and verifiable facts.
      ‘efforts to turn psychology into hard science’
      • ‘With so little good hard science on the BBC it's a pity to see a good chunk of the budget go on something so lightweight.’
      • ‘But how far should we go to smuggle hard subjects into the minds of disaffected youth?’
      • ‘The hard sciences, for example, are at the cutting edge of economic development.’
      • ‘This makes him sound like Borges or Calvino, and in a sense he is, but with hard science to back him up.’
      • ‘There remains a common criticism that economics lacks the rigor to classify it as a hard science.’
    2. 4.2 Denoting an extreme or dogmatic faction within a political party.
      ‘the hard left’
      • ‘Immediately after the armistice was signed an election in Paris returned a hard right government.’
      • ‘Independents can be of the anti-war left, but others come from the populist hard right.’
      • ‘There are local Liberals who say her own hard right faction was to blame.’
      • ‘He declares that he does not want to interpret her international activities within a hard left framework.’
      • ‘Thankfully, the moderate wing of the party split from the hard left and the Falklands War took care of the rest.’
    3. 4.3 (of science fiction) dealing with technological advances which do not contravene currently accepted scientific laws or principles.
      ‘a hard SF novel’
      • ‘He has crafted more realistic versions of the cast that are much more appropriate for the series' hard sci-fi background.’
      • ‘I do read a lot of sci-fi novels. There are two types: hard sci-fi and soft sci-fi.’
      • ‘This isn't a movie for fans of hard science fiction.’
      • ‘My scientific background consists of a few relevant Carl Sagan books and hard sci-fi novels.’
      • ‘The great exponents of hard SF in its heyday of the 1950s were Isaac Asimov and Arthur C. Clarke.’
  • 5(of liquor) strongly alcoholic; denoting distilled spirits rather than beer or wine.

    • ‘Beer is consumed as a typical light alcoholic beverage, while rum is the hard liquor of choice.’
    • ‘You can mix wine with beer and beer with hard liquor but not wine with hard liquor.’
    • ‘My daughter is not used to hard drink.’
    • ‘Start guzzling hard liquor right off the bat and the binge is over before it started.’
    • ‘He offered it to her and when she took a swig the hard liquor burned down her throat.’
    • ‘Instead of hard spirits he was going to be downing shot glasses full of beer.’
    • ‘I don't drink hard liquor anymore, it drives me insane with rage and I've ended up in jail too many times.’
    • ‘The forecast down Cancun way is positively sizzling and we have hard liquor and a Jacuzzi in our room, so the outlook is sunny.’
    • ‘You can't drown problems in hard alcohol.’
    • ‘She prepares a cup with far more hard liquor than punch and returns to Frank's side.’
    • ‘This is by far the best method ever of guaranteeing you get hard liquor into pretty much any event.’
    • ‘There are eight others, passing around a bottle of hard liquor.’
    • ‘I try to stay away from hard liquor as I get started and don't know when to stop.’
    alcoholic, strong, intoxicating, inebriating, stiff, potent, spirituous, vinous, intoxicant
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    1. 5.1US (of apple cider) having alcoholic content from fermentation.
      • ‘Many of our English ancestors used apples extensively to make their favorite drink, hard apple cider.’
      • ‘The bartender sends bottles of hard cider surfing along the top of the crowd to customers jammed into the doorway.’
      • ‘Their product, hard cider, is also bottled and exported to other regions and abroad.’
    2. 5.2 (of a drug) potent and addictive.
      • ‘Would you want a violent criminal using hard drugs living next to you and your kids?’
      • ‘The extra officers will mean a harder life for those who deal in heroin and other hard drugs, he said.’
      • ‘Think of the resources that could instead go into reducing the use and distribution of hard drugs.’
      • ‘Every recreational hard drug conceivable is washed down with booze, both bought and stolen.’
      • ‘There is weight to the argument that cannabis use leads to a greater chance of becoming involved with hard drugs.’
      • ‘A year later she said she came under the influence of her old friends and started taking hard drugs again.’
      • ‘We need a quantum leap in treatment and rehabilitation of young hard drug addicts.’
      • ‘I had a rough time and started drinking again; it wasn't long before I was back on hard drugs.’
      • ‘Large quantities of soft drugs and hard drugs were found in the car of the eldest brother.’
      • ‘It is true that nearly all users of hard drugs have previously used cannabis.’
      • ‘A grandad has claimed he has been labelled a dealer in hard drugs by a police leaflet campaign.’
      • ‘Lindsay recently admitted she would never try hard drugs after seeing how they affected her father.’
      • ‘We know that many of those addicted to hard drugs commit a large proportion of property crime.’
      • ‘A main reason for the change is that it is hoped it will free up police to concentrate on hard drugs such as heroin and crack cocaine.’
      • ‘The father-of-two, who had become involved with hard drugs, died from a gunshot wound to the chest.’
      • ‘There is fear its use will spread among the thousands of hard drug addicts in Dublin.’
      • ‘For me a drug is a drug, no matter what, and soft drugs lead on to hard drugs.’
      • ‘We are also determined to break the link between crime and hard drugs.’
      • ‘Police chiefs insist they are winning the war on hard drugs by concentrating on the upper end of the narcotics crime scale.’
      • ‘The court heard that he threw the stash of hard drugs out of the window when police called at the home of a friend on the Pewsham Estate.’
      addictive, habit-forming, causing dependency
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    3. 5.3 (of radiation) highly penetrating.
      • ‘There's no air, there's hard radiation, there's poison in the ground below you and of course, it's between 100 and 150 degrees below in centigrade.’
      • ‘While travelling through a medium, hard radiation produces charged particles.’
      • ‘I would think you'd need hard radiation to initiate the cascade, but that the decay product would be softer.’
    4. 5.4 (of pornography) highly obscene and explicit.
      • ‘There is a hard porn channel on the TV in the communal area of the hotel.’
      • ‘The film was never shown in Britain, where hard pornography was banned in cinemas, though plenty of people saw it on pirate videos at home.’
      • ‘Like other addictions, addiction to pornography reaches a point when even ‘hard’ pornography is not enough to produce the excitement the addict wants.’
  • 6(of water) containing mineral salts that make lathering difficult.

    • ‘Moving from house to house to house, from area to area, I noticed how hard water and soft water affect the skin on my face.’
    • ‘Hard water is not a health hazard, but dealing with hard water in the home can be a nuisance.’
    • ‘However, the water was so hard that it could be used only for washing and cleaning purposes.’
    • ‘I live in a hard water area and am concerned about the build-up of scale in the central heating system.’
    • ‘The dissolved salts in hard water have a similar effect, so soft water is advised.’
  • 7(of the penis, clitoris, or nipples) erect.

    1. 7.1 (of a man) having an erect penis.
  • 8Phonetics
    (of a consonant) pronounced as c in cat or g in go.

    • ‘The shorter word with a hard consonant at it's face seemed most fitting.’
    • ‘Consonants are hard unless they are followed by a soft vowel.’
    • ‘Have you ever noticed how all the truly bigoted expressions are blessed with hard consonants?’
    • ‘Of course I knew the title of the anthem, but I have never been able to pronounce it: too many hard consonants in succession for my Latin vocal cords.’
    • ‘Even their name has no hard consonant sounds.’


  • 1With a great deal of effort.

    ‘they work hard at school’
    • ‘The match was hard fought with chances being missed by both sides.’
    • ‘The teachers in this program are working hard to make sense of this mess, but the obstacles are great.’
    • ‘My sister is studying very hard, but still has not passed her university entrance exams.’
    • ‘With the election set to take place on Thursday of this week, Labour and the Lib Dems have been campaigning hard.’
    • ‘You might get an even lower price if you bargain hard or are staying for a while.’
    • ‘I think that the committee worked very hard to put in a provision that was fair to everyone.’
    • ‘Basically back then, all I really needed to do was study hard and ensure that I got good grades.’
    • ‘Half of the peasants were forced to work hard and were charged with a variety of obligations.’
    • ‘It's an event I would dearly love to win again and I'll be trying hard this time round.’
    • ‘The kids are putting in the effort, working hard, but are being short-changed.’
    • ‘The mayor also urged the children to study hard to prove that they deserved the scholarships.’
    • ‘The city tries its best to be considerate to these students, who have studied hard for years.’
    • ‘Every activist should fight hard to build the biggest possible vote against the deal.’
    • ‘But they are all working very hard in the gym.’
    • ‘Though working hard for the police force, Allison also found the time to give back to the community in her spare moments.’
    • ‘They worked hard all week and it was a great all-round team effort to win it.’
    • ‘I've worked and studied hard for my success, and know what's it's like to live on meagre funds.’
    • ‘He's been training so hard and we're all really proud of the effort he's making.’
    • ‘He concentrated on his studies and worked hard because he wanted to get a good job.’
    • ‘Laura fought hard to breathe deeply and not panic.’
    diligently, industriously, assiduously, conscientiously, sedulously, busily, intensely, enthusiastically, energetically, earnestly, persistently, doggedly, steadily, indefatigably, untiringly, all out, with application, with perseverance
    with difficulty, with effort, after a struggle, painfully, arduously, laboriously
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 With a great deal of force; violently.
      ‘it was raining hard’
      • ‘The car hit the kerb so hard the wheels were ripped off and split in two.’
      • ‘The girl nodded at Simon and punched him so hard he was forced into one of the dirt walls.’
      • ‘Quickly I dropped to one knee and punched him hard in his chest before he could stand.’
      • ‘He hit the ground incredibly hard and shattered both his legs but was otherwise unharmed aside from some bruising.’
      • ‘Once I did recover I pulled back and slapped him hard across the face.’
      • ‘I remember that, when the wind blew hard, it sounded almost as if somebody was crying.’
      • ‘Instead Brian grabbed me by my shirt and shoved me hard against the wall.’
      • ‘It had been a glorious day, with the sun beating down hard and only a light wind on the loch.’
      • ‘The guard was hit so hard that the blow left a dent on his safety helmet.’
      • ‘Charlie tried to lift her head to look at the house but the wind was blowing too hard for her to do so.’
      • ‘He hit Nicole so hard he fractured three ribs and ruptured her spleen.’
      • ‘His intensity is really appreciable and he hits the ball extremely hard.’
      • ‘My dad got up from his chair and slapped me hard across the face.’
      • ‘I throw my right hand out instinctively and whack it hard against the side of the door.’
      • ‘It started blowing really hard, so we had to suspend operations for the day.’
      • ‘He quickly snatched the collar of Steven's shirt and shoved him hard against the wall.’
      • ‘Before he could react, she punched him hard in the stomach.’
      • ‘When the wind and rain blew hard they were forced to use all their strength just to keep from going overboard.’
      • ‘For the moment I had to content myself with hitting him quite hard with my tennis racquet.’
      • ‘The wind was blowing quite hard, but there wasn't any rain coming from the total cloud cover.’
      forcefully, forcibly, fiercely, roughly, powerfully, strongly, strenuously, heavily, sharply, vigorously, intensely, energetically, with all one's might, with might and main, with vigour, with force, with great effort
      heavily, strongly, intensely, in torrents, in sheets, cats and dogs
      severely, badly, intensely, harshly, acutely, deeply, keenly, seriously, profoundly, violently, forcefully, grievously, gravely
      View synonyms
  • 2So as to be solid or firm.

    ‘the mortar has set hard’
    • ‘With the ground baked hard by the hot weather of the previous few days, there was nowhere for the water to go.’
    • ‘There have been nights where there was sweat on my towel which has frozen rock hard while I've been training.’
    • ‘He was lying on his back with the rope around his waist stretched tightly to where it disappeared into snow that was now set hard as concrete.’
    • ‘Everything is frozen hard and the snow lies on the ground all the time.’
    • ‘This was a material that once it set hard would not soften under heat.’
  • 3To the fullest extent possible.

    ‘put the wheel hard over to starboard’
    • ‘He heeled the car hard over to the right.’
    • ‘Most drivers were taught to pump the brakes and turn hard to the right or left in order to compensate for skidding.’
    • ‘It hit with a deafening roar, punching the ship sideways so violently that it rolled hard over to port.’
    hard, as hard as possible, for all one's worth, vigorously, with a vengeance, to the utmost, to the full, to the limit, all out
    View synonyms


  • be hard on

    • 1Treat or criticize (someone) severely.

      ‘you're being too hard on her’
      • ‘If it appears that I'm being hard on men, it is because I think I must.’
      • ‘Critics have been hard on what they believe to be unnecessary extravagance during a time of war.’
      • ‘It was more difficult than before to be hard on her.’
      • ‘He was hard on Franka, harder on her than anyone he had ever instructed.’
      • ‘I was very effeminate as a child and my mother was hard on me for it, which left me with scars that I'm still working through.’
      • ‘He was a severe looking man who was known to be hard on his students.’
      • ‘It's always difficult to be hard on someone you love.’
      • ‘But Nolan says the critics have been hard on his fellow Liverpudlian.’
      • ‘He could be vile to his dancers and Sally was hard on me.’
      • ‘‘As you progress,’ Jenas reflects, ‘you look back and see why people were hard on you.’’
    • 2Be difficult for or unfair to.

      ‘I think the war must have been hard on her’
      • ‘For those of non-western cultures, the difficulty in getting a job is hard on them not only economically, but also psychologically.’
      • ‘My mother was a teacher, so she basically had to redo her qualifications, and Dad did a lot of travelling, so it was hard on her.’
      • ‘‘I'm concerned about being away from my family and it is hard on them.’
      • ‘Dealing with a troubled sibling is hard on the whole family.’
      • ‘His mother died… that must have been hard on him.’
      • ‘That must have been hard on the daughter when the mother is with someone you hate.’
      • ‘It must have been hard on her to have to watch someone else doing her job and on top of that doing it badly, but she never said anything about it.’
      • ‘You went through those couple of months that must have been hard on you and your family.’
      • ‘It must be hard on her, because, if I know her, she'll be feeling responsible for her actions.’
      • ‘It was hard on the kids because they like to spend time with Steve.’
    • 3Be likely to hurt or damage.

      ‘the monitor flickers, which is hard on the eyes’
      • ‘Since the magazine steel is very hard, cutting was hard on tools until they found a shop that could do it with a laser.’
      • ‘Yet the work was hard on her hands, which bled regularly from cuts of the knives and grinder.’
      • ‘Several members had a go at plaiting straw with good results but said it was hard on the fingers.’
      • ‘It must have been hard on the hands. ‘Not really,’ says Brooks, ‘it was the changing gear that could hurt.’’
      • ‘Flying is hard on your body and you have to make sure you're getting your rest, getting your fluids, and taking care of yourself.’
      • ‘Seaside salt wind is hard on its façades; its weather-beaten face is always in need of another coat of slap.’
      • ‘My family thinks that it is a good profession, but difficult, because it is hard on your body.’
      • ‘Now I've changed the colour scheme, since some people mentioned that a white-on-dark design was hard on their eyes.’
      • ‘Hanging on to the vine was hard on the hands and often produced blisters, despite the fact that our hands were well hardened with farm work.’
      • ‘Formic acid, for example, must be handled with care and can be hard on some equipment.’
  • be hard put (to it)

    • usually with infinitiveFind it very difficult.

      ‘you'll be hard put to find a better compromise’
      • ‘You'd be hard put to it to find more friendly and welcoming people anywhere.’
      • ‘Children from a number of schools turned up in large numbers, and the volunteers were hard put to regulate the enthusiastic visitors.’
      • ‘I think anyone, including myself, would be hard put to predict or even find a pattern.’
      • ‘If he means to stand, he would be hard put to find enough MPs to sign his card.’
      • ‘Angry Christmas shoppers were hard put to find a space to park and ended up using every nook and cranny in the town centre to park their cars.’
      • ‘You would, it's true, be hard put to find a half-decent politician who didn't think himself or herself the answer to the country's problems.’
      • ‘He said: ‘I would be hard put to find anyone else equal to his incredible ability.’’
      • ‘But one would be hard put to find a single article on poverty or unemployment in mainstream Indian newspapers in the past decade or more.’
      • ‘In the second world war, the shortage of paper meant that publishers were hard put to stay in business.’
      • ‘Adam was hard put to gain control of his horse and regroup the cattle before they scattered again.’
  • give someone a hard time

    • informal Deliberately make a situation difficult for someone.

      • ‘The boys are giving me a hard time about all the publicity I'm getting.’
      • ‘Frank has been giving me a hard time for months about going to see her, because apparently every time he runs in to her she is just about in tears because I haven't visited.’
      • ‘One of the guests began giving me a hard time about the shirt.’
      • ‘She treads a very fine line - the boss gives her a hard time and the boys give her a hard time, so she's sometimes in a no-win situation.’
      • ‘Meanwhile my son is giving me a hard time for supporting the Australian cricketers.’
      • ‘He's a giant of a man and if you don't concentrate against him, he can give you a hard time.’
      • ‘They are people who do what is right when others give them a hard time for their beliefs.’
      • ‘He tells of one election meeting in Bristol on a steaming summer evening where one particular heckler was giving him a hard time.’
      • ‘If the media's giving you a hard time, don't complain about it publicly.’
      • ‘When his turn comes, the workers will not give him a hard time or cause him trouble.’
      annoy, irritate, infuriate, anger, incense, inflame, enrage, irk, chagrin, exasperate, madden, pique, provoke, nettle, disturb, upset, perturb, discompose, put out
      View synonyms
  • go hard with

    • dated Turn out to (someone's) disadvantage.

      ‘it would go hard with the poor’
      • ‘One of the things that goes hard with Hetty in the trial is that she at first refuses to give her identity and obdurately denies that she ever had a baby, let alone killed it.’
      • ‘Should such a creature encounter a swimming man it would go hard with the man.’
      • ‘One of the two men had again prowled about the neighborhood and told him that unless he managed to get the boy away that night it would go hard with him.’
      • ‘And if it goes hard with me, I will stand it, and I will cling to my logic, and I will bear it like a man.’
      • ‘Cutting a helpless throat, even when it belonged to scum like this, went hard with him.’
  • hard and fast

    • (of a rule or a distinction made) fixed and definitive.

      ‘it is impossible to lay down any hard and fast rules’
      • ‘If a child is bright they will learn quicker than another child but there are no hard and fast rules.’
      • ‘Like all rules governing taxation, the categories are never hard and fast.’
      • ‘Readers are apt to assume a hard and fast distinction between novel and romance.’
      • ‘I don't think there should be any hard and fast rules about this issue.’
      • ‘Yet that rule isn't always as hard and fast as it would seem and sometimes actually demands to be broken.’
      • ‘The programme is mainly aimed at secondary school students, but there are no hard and fast rules and a number of primaries also take part.’
      • ‘As far as age limits are concerned, there are no hard and fast rules.’
      • ‘One of the few hard and fast rules of comedy is that puppets are always funny.’
      • ‘The hours either side of dawn and dusk are generally the best, although this is not a hard and fast rule.’
      • ‘In the few days he had been in the country, he had learned some very hard and fast rules.’
      definite, fixed, set, strict, rigid, binding, stringent, rigorous, clear-cut, cast-iron, established, inflexible, immutable, unalterable, invariable, unvarying, unchangeable, unchanging, incontestable, incontrovertible, uncompromising
      View synonyms
  • hard at it

    • informal Busily working or occupied.

      ‘they were hard at it with brooms and mops’
      • ‘Having been hard at it all the morning trying to cram a day's work into a few hours, I decided that a cup of coffee would be a great pick me up.’
      • ‘The cast are hard at it with practising and preparation.’
      • ‘They were still hard at it when I finally realised that I was surplus to requirements.’
      • ‘Just because I appear to be idle does not mean I am not hard at it.’
      • ‘We're hard at it, and we're making good progress.’
      • ‘On a sunlit morning, she is already hard at it in a corner of the old downtown premises of local fashion designer Tanya Carlson, where she's trying to finish up some work.’
      • ‘She's been hard at it since, working with Amnesty International and others to organise a public meeting.’
      • ‘He's been hard at it since March, and the results have been positive.’
      • ‘By 2004 you will be hard at it on the seniors circuit, both in Europe and the US and will have lost a lot of contact with the players.’
      • ‘There are undoubtedly a few Irish players, not to mention the coach himself, who could do without this trip to South Africa given that they've been hard at it now for almost 12 months.’
      occupied, occupied in, engaged in, involved in, employed in, working at, labouring at, toiling at, slaving at, hard at work, hard at work on, wrapped up, wrapped up in, wrapped up with
      View synonyms
  • hard by

    • Close to.

      ‘he lived hard by the cathedral’
      • ‘We lived hard by the factory and our windows gave on the factory yard.’
      • ‘Here's a picture of my sunny destination - Tavira, hard by the Spanish border.’
      • ‘The balloting took place in Westminster's Church House, hard by the House of Commons.’
      • ‘The undertaking establishment was on the Brompton Road hard by the chapel and nearby Trevor Square.’
      • ‘While I was there I went up around noon to a small church hard by the large harbour.’
      close to, right by, close by, beside, near, near to, nearby, not far from, a short distance from, a step away from, a stone's throw from, on the doorstep of, in the vicinity of, in the neighbourhood of, round the corner from, within easy reach of, adjacent to
      View synonyms
  • hard done by

    • Harshly or unfairly treated.

      ‘she would be justified in feeling hard done by’
      • ‘I don't think Dad ever complained he'd been hard done by.’
      • ‘Several other players can feel hard done by to not make the shortlist but, after such a fine team performance, picking three players out was a near-impossible task.’
      • ‘However, they still have cause to feel a little hard done by.’
      • ‘Annie sees herself as permanently hard done by.’
      • ‘By all accounts, the Scotland squad is feeling a little hard done by, and to a certain extent, you can understand why.’
      • ‘These articles paint a picture of a poor retired couple that have been very hard done by and are in need of protection from neighbours.’
      • ‘Some people are going to feel hard done by, and speaking to them, they have very convincing arguments.’
      • ‘‘I'm fed up feeling hard done by because we have only ourselves to blame,’ said Williamson.’
      • ‘He seems, most of the time, like a man born to be hard done by.’
      • ‘Faced with the complex task of establishing which party is telling the truth, family court judges tend to defer to the mother, leaving fathers feeling hard done by and resentful.’
  • hard feelings

    • usually with negativeFeelings of resentment.

      ‘there are no hard feelings and we wish him well’
      • ‘Then she winks to let me know there are no hard feelings.’
      • ‘He had summoned my father to make peace, claiming through an intermediary that there were no hard feelings and that he didn't know what all the fuss was about.’
      • ‘He returns to face them this afternoon with no hard feelings.’
      • ‘We don't have any hard feelings for you or to anyone in the world, we just want to live in peace.’
      • ‘He managed a weak smile before saying to her, ‘So no hard feelings about Sunday?’’
      • ‘He left them as politely as possible, and with no hard feelings.’
      • ‘He admitted he was disappointed to lose his place but insisted he had no hard feelings.’
      • ‘Fortunately there are absolutely no hard feelings.’
      • ‘It was just a short letter telling me there were no hard feelings, that he had nothing against me off the field and that what happened on the field was one thing and what happened off it was another.’
      • ‘Sarah had firm ideas of what the garden should be like and challenged Matt over one or two of his ideas, forcing him to the return to the drawing board, but she insisted there were no hard feelings.’
      resentment, animosity, ill feeling, ill feelings, ill will, bitterness, bad blood, resentfulness, rancour, malice, acrimony, antagonism, antipathy, animus, friction, anger, hostility, hate, hatred
      View synonyms
  • hard going

    • Difficult to understand or enjoy.

      ‘the studying is at times hard going’
      • ‘It's hard going at first - the descriptions are dense, poetic word-paintings - but once you're engaged with the characters you'll be hooked.’
      • ‘It was a fairly unconventional film, and I think a number of people including myself found it pretty hard going.’
      • ‘It is hard going but it is something I will see through, even if it takes the rest of my life.’
      • ‘The book runs to some 500 pages and I found it rather hard going.’
      • ‘The statistics course is aimed at beginners, but I am finding it pretty hard going - and it is only day one.’
      • ‘A hefty tome like Ulysses may appear at first to be hard going.’
      • ‘The article is pretty hard going.’
      • ‘We started watching the film but found it hard going because it was getting late and we were tired.’
      • ‘I wasn't sure what to expect of the classes, and unfortunately I'm finding them hard going.’
      • ‘But no matter how much fun you try to make it, it can be hard going.’
  • hard hit

    • Badly affected.

      ‘hard hit by falling oil prices’
      • ‘Agricultural land is being snapped up by investors, often wealthy farmers from the north of Ireland who have not been as hard hit by beef bans and food scares.’
      • ‘But York was hard hit by the floods of a year ago, and many small business are still struggling to recover.’
      • ‘The tourism and entertainment industries have been hard hit by the falloff in air travel.’
      • ‘Millions of manufacturing jobs have been lost in this country but now the service industry is also being hard hit.’
      • ‘Louisiana towns just east of the Texas border were particularly hard hit by the storm surges and flooding.’
      • ‘Some have been hard hit by major retail and out-of-town superstores.’
      • ‘The company had been hard hit by rising steel and oil costs, and was struggling to raise prices for its products.’
      • ‘Small businesses are particularly hard hit because they cannot negotiate discounts like big companies.’
      • ‘Food and drink, tourism and manufacturing have been particularly hard hit.’
      • ‘The cotton, tobacco and beef industries were particularly hard hit.’
  • hard of hearing

    • Not able to hear well.

      • ‘Not all people who are hard of hearing read lips or use sign language.’
      • ‘Over half of people aged over 60 are hard of hearing or deaf.’
      • ‘Some of us are hard of hearing and could not hear the officer in the car going by.’
      • ‘Judges have ruled that he is hard of hearing rather than deaf, despite medical evidence proving he cannot hear anything.’
      • ‘Although suffering from failing eyesight and being a touch hard of hearing, the great grandmother has retained an acute memory of her childhood days.’
      • ‘One of the twins was hard of hearing and the other could hear quite well.’
      • ‘He may be hard of hearing but his brain is as sharp as ever.’
      • ‘I think my ears are clogged up with wax, as I have been a bit hard of hearing lately.’
      • ‘Helen has been a carer for her mum, who is hard of hearing and is severely disabled with arthritis, for the past 11 years.’
      • ‘He is hard of hearing and needs someone to translate his speech.’
      hard of hearing, hearing-impaired, with impaired hearing, unhearing, stone deaf, deafened, profoundly deaf
      View synonyms
  • hard on (or upon)

    • Close to; following soon after.

      ‘we followed hard on their tracks’
      • ‘The move follows hard on the heels of an acquisition which has seen business gains in the west of Scotland.’
      • ‘At any other time there would be a protracted period of recollection, but the election is hard upon us.’
      • ‘This announcement follows hard upon the October announcement of a restructuring plan.’
      • ‘Stacks of musty books were no substitute for the fresh, clean air of the season, but exams were hard upon us, and there was no time to stop and smell the flowers, not unless we scheduled it in between study sessions.’
      • ‘On the field tragedy follows hard upon triumph, ease and discomfort sit side by side…’
      • ‘The trainer was philosophical about his victory coming hard on the heels of his loss.’
      • ‘The General Strike in England was in 1926, when Auden was nineteen, and it was followed hard upon by the Depression.’
      • ‘These excellent results are following hard on the heels of an impressive Oftsed report.’
      soon after, hard on the heels of, quickly after, promptly after, shortly after, immediately after, directly after, straight after, right after, a short time after, without delay after
      View synonyms
  • hard up

    • informal Short of money.

      ‘I'm too hard up to buy fancy clothes’
      • ‘I think that's probably insulting to people who are genuinely really, really hard up.’
      • ‘I was very hard up when I was at school and university.’
      • ‘And as unreliable as official statistics are, there can be no doubt that far too many people are hard up.’
      • ‘But, to be honest, I would have to say I've never been really hard up.’
      • ‘Thankfully, I've never been truly hard up, but some of the 1980s were a bit tough.’
      • ‘He could be very generous - lending money to hard up locals, or secretly dropping off a carton of groceries at someone's back door.’
      • ‘It really worries me when relatives buy you something even though you know they are hard up.’
      • ‘I have always been keen to earn money, so while I couldn't say I have ever been really hard up, it's because I have worked to make sure I'm not.’
      • ‘Don't use the excuse of being hard up as a reason for not doing it.’
      • ‘Virtually overnight, they were out of business and very, very hard up.’
      poor, short of money, short of cash, impoverished, impecunious, in financial difficulties, financially embarrassed, financially distressed, in reduced circumstances, in straitened circumstances, unable to make ends meet
      View synonyms
  • the hard way

    • Through suffering or learning from the unpleasant consequences of mistakes.

      ‘his reputation was earned the hard way’
      • ‘It was a title he earned the hard way; in fact, nobody had to work harder to win a World title.’
      • ‘During the last recession, however, everyone learned the hard way that prices could fall.’
      • ‘I learned the hard way just how critically important it is to always wear a seat belt.’
      • ‘Victory will be earned the hard way, and in the end it may come down to the survival of the fittest.’
      • ‘He learned the hard way when to take on the system and when to tolerate it.’
      • ‘We learnt the hard way that being rude to colleagues is no way to behave.’
      • ‘He was very clear in his views and showed that he had learnt the game the hard way.’
      • ‘It is good advice and given by people who have learned their lesson the hard way.’
      • ‘It was a gutsy display and the home side earned their three points the hard way.’
      • ‘But it's hard to see him working his way up the hard way, heading out for a council meeting on a scooter.’
  • play hard to get

    • informal Deliberately adopt an aloof or uninterested attitude, typically in order to make oneself more attractive or interesting.

      • ‘Julie was still playing hard to get and Bryce was too proud to admit that his girlfriend overpowered him.’
      • ‘They are playing hard to get with the media, and are keeping us all interested.’
      • ‘After months of being cautious and playing hard to get, I'm going to bravely risk rejection this time.’
      • ‘‘He tried to talk to me for a while after we met, but I was playing hard to get,’ she said with a slight smile.’
      • ‘What could be more perverse than playing hard to get when looking for the one we can really open up to?’
      • ‘In this love affair, like many others, playing hard to get can only make for a better relationship.’
      • ‘I bet you're one of those girls who plays hard to get.’
      • ‘Sometimes when dates played hard to get, it made the chase more interesting and the inevitable surrender more satisfying.’
      • ‘Girls should have the confidence to play hard to get, to wait until they find a mate who matches their demands rather than giving in so easily.’
      • ‘While I know logically that it's safest to play hard to get, to keep my heart locked away so that no one can hurt me, that's just not who I am.’


Old English hard, heard, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hard and German hart.