Definition of hacienda in US English:



  • (in Spanish-speaking regions) a large estate or plantation with a dwelling house.

    • ‘Silver-mining was only part of a sophisticated Mexican economy with large-scale farming and ranching on great estates called haciendas and a considerable amount of manufacturing in small workshops.’
    • ‘Indigenous people in Chimborazo who were unable to meet their tribute or whose land was expropriated eventually became tied to the region's haciendas in a system of debt servitude that lasted until an agrarian reform in 1964.’
    • ‘Villas here tend to be clustered into gated estates, but if you want something more authentically Mexican, try a hacienda.’
    • ‘All over, you'll find the dramatically dilapidated shells of haciendas - the former homes of the conquistadors, where plantation, processing plant and stately home were one and the same.’
    • ‘Most of these worked as domestics and laborers in urban areas, although some toiled on rural farms and haciendas.’
    • ‘In addition, an ill-prepared but nevertheless aggressive land reform resulted in the breakup of the hacienda estates and brought chaos to the countryside.’
    • ‘Spanish settlers established haciendas in the lower part of the valley.’
    • ‘Both groups were brought in to work as rural laborers in the large hacienda / estate holdings.’
    • ‘The discovery of oil in the 1970s might have brought new prosperity, but in fact the mass of the population remained poor and illiterate, with the great haciendas surviving intact.’
    • ‘We drove on one hill and saw sprawling haciendas, with very high walls enclosing them and enormous gateways.’
    plantation, farm, holding
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Spanish, from Latin facienda ‘things to be done’, from facere ‘make, do’.