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The female part of a flower, consisting of one or more carpels.
- ‘Most hermaphroditic mutants were phenotypically similar with a mature gynoecium composed of five carpels and 10 stamens.’
- ‘In Convolvulaceae the median plane of the flower bisects the two carpels of the gynoecium and is axillary.’
- ‘The gynoecium consists of a single pistil that is stipitate on a disk.’
- ‘Because valves are scored to determine the numbers of carpels present within a gynoecium, flowers with one or zero valves could affect the mean carpel number.’
- ‘The gynoecium has three carpels united to form a compound ovary with three styles that are short when the flowers open and that elongate gradually.’
Mid 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek gunaikeion ‘women's apartments’, from gunē, gunaik- ‘woman, female’ + oikos ‘house’.
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