Definition of gut in English:

gut

noun

  • 1also gutsThe stomach or belly.

    ‘a painful stabbing feeling in his gut’
    • ‘Youth's bass lines still hit you full on in the gut, whilst Geordie's fabulously taut guitar works still works its way right inside your ears.’
    • ‘His voice, deeper and from the gut, returns in this CD to a peaceable realm, to the great meditative music of the Mandingo empire.’
    • ‘I didn't even have time to respond, my entire focus was spent on making sure my face didn't look like someone punched me in the gut.’
    • ‘If the President lined up every world leader in a line and systematically punched each of them in the gut in the name of unilateral diplomacy, would you still vote for him?’
    • ‘When Tom Friedman starts talking peace plans, it's usually time for either a stomach pump or a belly laugh - either way, your guts are going to be sore.’
    • ‘There was a slight itching pain in my guts and my face burned.’
    • ‘My students were not even afraid to try to hurt me: two boys spent a month throwing pencils at me in the middle of lessons; another child slugged me in the gut.’
    • ‘All they are is a stabbing knife-like pain in the guts.’
    • ‘I do still feel like I've been kicked in the gut, but I've kind of gotten used to that.’
    • ‘It doesn't mean that you'll end up with six bullets in your guts.’
    • ‘It would've taken away the pain that now twisted inside his guts.’
    • ‘Griffin looked at his stomach, seeing that his own knife was jabbed into his guts.’
    • ‘Patients will almost never knee you in the groin or kick you in the gut.’
    • ‘If a crocodile ate her alive, you'd imagine she'd give the rotter a good ticking off while trapped inside its guts.’
    • ‘All of this has got to cause a churning in his gut.’
    • ‘Sims' basslines were jabs to the gut - physical in the extreme.’
    • ‘If you get churning guts, concentrate on relaxing your stomach muscles.’
    • ‘You slice your wrist and it's as good as stabbing yourself in the gut.’
    • ‘Some angry fan punched him in the gut, injured him, and he lost the Tour.’
    • ‘His guts screamed with pain, and he was so disoriented he couldn't move until the sound of gunshots made him force himself to get up.’
    stomach, belly, abdomen
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Biology Medicine The lower alimentary canal or a part of this; the intestine.
      ‘microbes which naturally live in the human gut’
      • ‘Some of these organisms can damage the cells lining the inner surface of the gut and interfere with the normal processes of the intestines.’
      • ‘A stoma is an artificial opening to or from the intestine (which is also known as the gut or bowel) on the abdominal wall usually created by a surgeon.’
      • ‘The cells in the brain and in the gut have receptors that respond to nicotine.’
      • ‘In some the problem has a behavioural basis, whereas in others there may be subtle neuromuscular abnormalities of the gut.’
      • ‘Different strains infect different tissues and organs - lungs, guts, kidneys, livers, brains or reproductive systems.’
    2. 1.2guts Entrails that have been removed or exposed in violence or by a butcher.
      • ‘Instinctively, my eyes roll back into my skull as I claw open the fish's belly, spilling its guts into the water.’
      • ‘Look at the power of Wallace; it's 700 years since his guts were dug from his belly and his extremities planted around the countryside, yet there goes the sword.’
      • ‘People were running and screaming bodies littered the floor some turned inside out with brains and guts littering the floor.’
      • ‘Cut off the heads, remove the clear coloured backbone and remove the guts to leave a large opening at the head end.’
      • ‘She watched him wrap his bloody arms around his stomach as if he was trying to hold in his guts.’
      • ‘It feels like a cannon ball has just slammed into my stomach and my guts are all strewn over the place.’
      • ‘I get to hunt Africa every year and without the steaks and the guts from the antelope, many African societies would have vanished already.’
      • ‘My father cut the shark open, removed the guts, cut the head off, and then preserved him in ice.’
      • ‘Imagine trying to remove the guts of a cow or chicken once every minute.’
      • ‘During slaughter some of the guts may spill onto meat.’
      • ‘The last one standing, who had one hand holding his own guts in, flickered and disappeared from existence.’
      • ‘I need to be taken back and have my guts put back in the stomach where nature intended them.’
      • ‘Removing the guts she placed them in a separate bag lined with snow to keep them fresh.’
      • ‘There are exploding blood packs, guts hanging out of soldiers and, that good old stylistic standby, the shift into slo-mo.’
      • ‘The locals told me that it's normal to see camels walking through the desert and their guts fall out because camel spiders eat their intestinal walls.’
      • ‘A small hand reached from behind him, ripping his belly open, spilling out his guts.’
      • ‘In May, a processing plant in Carthage Missouri began turning turkey guts, feathers, blood and carcasses into an oil alternative.’
      • ‘Mother's guts had been literally ripped out from her stomach.’
      • ‘Jurgis arrives for work and is quickly trained to sweep up the guts and entrails of the slaughtered cattle, following behind the disemboweler.’
      • ‘I was looking down at the butchered corpse of a man whose belly had been slashed and his guts spread for some distance along the ground.’
      intestines, entrails
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3guts The internal parts or essence of something.
      ‘the guts of a modern computer’
      • ‘He turned the alarm over to see why it hadn't woken him up, and noticed that half of its electronic guts were strewn all over the floor.’
      • ‘The guts of the phone had been removed and in its place there was a simple red button.’
      • ‘They look like the inner guts of extraterrestrial watches.’
      • ‘Because of space issues, I was removing the PSU's guts and thus losing all the shielding provided by the metal chassis.’
      • ‘The car's front hood is off, exposing its iron guts - all of which are glistening with a thin coat of gasoline.’
      • ‘A Tom Yum soup has its characteristic guts knocked out of it, a faint savour of lemon grass lending some edge to a bland coconut milk liquor bulked up with mushrooms and a few morsels of tasteless prawn.’
      • ‘It took a foreign coach to unleash the real power from within the gut of England by summoning the courage to select about seven young, black, gifted patriots.’
      • ‘Somebody is selling a music player whose guts have been swapped with the innards of what looks like a $2 miniature toy electric guitar.’
      • ‘When hybrid cars are given cheaper, more powerful electrical guts, their popularity will really take off.’
      • ‘There are ten cables spilling out of a socket in the kitchen, white tubes that remind me of the guts of the robot in the Alien movie.’
      • ‘Like Jacques Brel before him, Elliott strips his songs of any superfluous attribute, only leaving them bare, exposing their guts, and his, for all to see.’
      • ‘They are commuting into New Orleans, swabbing the mold off walls, ripping the guts out of buildings, removing mountains of soggy debris.’
      • ‘Flex can now take a job start-to-finish, designing not only the electronic guts, but also the look and feel of products.’
  • 2informal often as modifier Used in reference to a feeling or reaction based on an instinctive emotional response rather than considered thought.

    ‘I had a gut feeling that something was wrong’
    ‘trusting his gut instinct, he went ahead and made the call’
    ‘I could feel it in my guts—he was out there, watching me’
    • ‘I don't frankly like to base myself on instincts or gut feelings about this.’
    • ‘However, rather than accept that this totally destroys her argument she instead chooses to ignore it in favour of her gut feelings, and urges us to do likewise.’
    • ‘We commonly think of the intuition as a strong feeling, instinct, or gut reaction.’
    • ‘I don't think that their position, based on their gut reaction, is justifiable.’
    • ‘These are just emotional and gut feelings that come to me off the top of my head.’
    • ‘But, in the end, we must listen to gut instinct, be creative, and take risks.’
    • ‘But you should develop the capacity to reflect on gut feelings rather than acting on them impulsively.’
    • ‘At the same time, I saw clear signs that my gut feelings weren't that far off base.’
    • ‘Well, I've been thinking about this as objectively as possible, but it's time to get down to gut feelings.’
    • ‘I don't know, but my hope and my gut feeling aren't the same.’
    • ‘It will not be a gut reaction, but an informed decision based on the knowledge that what I want and what he wants are very different things.’
    • ‘Business decisions certainly involve mind games, not just gut feelings or pure intuition.’
    • ‘The gut reaction was based on three arguments whose wisdom had been proved by long experience.’
    • ‘Highly ritualized pictorial constructions, these elegant, stylish surfaces are to gut emotion as a boxing match is to a street fight.’
    • ‘Secondly, Dr Wiseman discovered that people who appear to have good fortune tend to make effective decisions by acting on their intuition and gut feelings.’
    • ‘The officer's intuitions, gut feelings and sixth sense about a situation are all disallowed.’
    • ‘The question, though, is whether one's personal likes and dislikes, one's gut feelings, can honestly count as critical judgment.’
    • ‘Call it gut feeling or intuition, but I really think he's somewhere around there.’
    • ‘Belina's editorial choices are based more on a gut level response than on theory.’
    • ‘The following figures are not from anything I have read but are simply gut feelings.’
    instinctive, instinctual, intuitive, impulsive, natural, basic, emotional, heartfelt, deep-seated
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  • 3gutsinformal Personal courage and determination; toughness of character.

    ‘she had both more brains and more guts than her husband’
    ‘you just haven't got the guts to admit it’
    • ‘Someone once wrote that there are only two things needed to win the American presidency: character and guts.’
    • ‘It was a big game, and we showed guts and character to win it.’
    • ‘He also has the guts and strength of character to impress the others in the pitlane.’
    • ‘The difference is that Connell's characters usually lack the guts to act on their urges.’
    • ‘It has taken character and guts, on and off the field, as well as some superlatively effective play.’
    • ‘His guts and his courage got him there in the end.’
    • ‘It took a lot of guts and just sheer personal strength to be out in the streets like you've seen the hundreds of thousands of demonstrators over the last week.’
    • ‘And what guts it had to have taken to do what they did.’
    • ‘Their major concern was how a buyer should have the guts to determine the cost of a product instead of the seller, as is normally the case.’
    • ‘We needed lots of guts, determination and character to win the game - and we need to do that for the rest of the season.’
    • ‘Yarnbury moved out of the bottom three as sheer guts, determination and spirit saw them through.’
    • ‘You know, it might have helped just a little bit if Paul and others like him had shown a bit more guts a couple of years ago.’
    • ‘I didn't have a lot of courage or the guts to do something bad.’
    • ‘‘It was a great team effort, but courage and guts only get you so far sometimes’.’
    • ‘It might take a lot of guts for the average person to swim alongside Sand Tiger sharks, which grow to an average length of nine foot and are known for being aggressive.’
    • ‘But a second half full of passion, belief, guts and mental toughness saw the Knights fight back to win in another mesmerising finale.’
    • ‘He is proof that there are many young people with principles, guts and determination and it's time we started respecting them for it.’
    • ‘They simply battle on, showing the kind of guts and determination some of their more illustrious opponents seem to lack.’
    • ‘But Campbell's determination, courage and sheer guts save the book from dull unoriginality.’
    • ‘The difference between dreamers and achievers is grit, guts and spirit, which the former might lack but the latter have in abundance.’
    courage, courageousness, bravery, valour, backbone, nerve, fortitude, pluck, pluckiness, mettle, mettlesomeness, spirit, boldness, audacity, daring, fearlessness, hardiness, toughness, forcefulness, determination, resolve, resolution
    View synonyms
  • 4Fiber made from the intestines of animals, used especially for violin or racket strings or for surgical use.

    as modifier ‘gut strings’
    • ‘There's no conductor; she directs them herself… and she's strung her Strad with gut, and plays it with a classical bow.’
    • ‘The instrument itself was made of wood, with gut or horsehair strings.’
    • ‘Tchaikovsky's strings were gut rather than metal and were played with little vibrato.’
    • ‘It's like a pear-shaped instrument, the body is covered in skin, and the strings are made of gut.’
    • ‘Overwound (overspun or wire-wound) strings have a core of gut, silk, nylon, or wire wrapped in metal wire or ribbon.’
  • 5A narrow passage or strait.

    • ‘Most bumps in the Rowing-On divisions took place below the gut, leaving spectators not much more to observe than the bizarre attire of various crews.’
    • ‘Various tours are available by speed boats that take you for the most spectacular views, even up the gut to laugh in the face of El Diablo.’
    • ‘McHale was trudging through the gut ahead of me at the side of the boat when he suddenly vanished at a spot marked only by the float of his hat.’
    • ‘After failing to catch New on Friday, Teddy Hall went for the kill on Saturday, coming to within a canvas as the crews approached the gut.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Take out the intestines and other internal organs of (a fish or other animal) before cooking it.

    • ‘He had finished gutting the rabbit and shoved the meat onto sticks, placing them into the flames.’
    • ‘The cow did have to be gutted and tested for mad cow disease, however.’
    • ‘If they knew it was you who turned them in, they'd gut you like a fish.’
    • ‘Let the fishmonger scale, clean and gut the fish (I leave the head on).’
    • ‘While all the fish in a display case has been gutted, pan-ready fish have the fins and scales removed and have been thoroughly washed.’
    • ‘The other day I took a whole sea bass, cleaned and gutted by the fishmonger, and filled its belly with a pulp of lemon grass, ginger, peppercorns and coriander.’
    • ‘I also give a detailed account of skinning and gutting a rabbit.’
    • ‘Most importantly, he is also a very competent member of a trawler's crew, capable of gutting the fish fast enough to keep the packers happy.’
    • ‘Most people nowadays do not wring chickens' necks, pluck them, and cook them for dinner, or butcher their own pigs, or gut their own fish.’
    • ‘To gut the fish, make a slit up the length of the belly under running water and cut off the fins with scissors.’
    • ‘Another friend fainted when we gutted the rabbits and found tapeworms.’
    • ‘Whilst Ingrid cuts and guts the fish, the children go into the woods to collect nuts and berries, which are just coming into season.’
    • ‘A 12-ounce whole fish, gutted and steamed in two tablespoons of liquid, cooks in two minutes.’
    • ‘Jeff went to work and the fish was bled, gutted, headed and on the ice within another five minutes.’
    • ‘At street-side stalls that are sometimes nothing more than a bowl on the ground, fish are gutted and sold and vegetables haggled over.’
    • ‘The deer is gutted where it lies, its innards checked for any sign of disease, before it is dragged back down the hill to the pick-up.’
    • ‘After getting a few fish each, they swam in the pond before they went back to the beach to clean and gut the fish and prepare them for dinner.’
    • ‘The fish were gutted and stuffed with a spoonful of herbs, or mustard, apple, or samphire.’
    • ‘Those who have gutted a deer or skinned a rabbit might have some idea of the extreme nature of what an edged weapon can do to flesh.’
    • ‘If I'd been a guy she would have gutted me like a fish.’
    disembowel, eviscerate, draw, dress, clean, remove the innards from, remove the guts from
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Remove or destroy completely the internal parts of (a building or other structure)
      ‘the fire gutted most of the factory’
      • ‘Police said Mr Ruane's home was totally gutted in the fire.’
      • ‘The building was gutted, its roof destroyed, and nothing was salvageable from the ten stalls inside.’
      • ‘The destruction was so complete that the structure had to be gutted and removed by hand and wheelbarrow, piece by piece.’
      • ‘Forensic experts are still sifting through debris from the Newbridge Courthouse fire, which gutted the historic building last Thursday morning.’
      • ‘By this time, Mrs Hatley's old kitchen had been gutted ready for the replacement.’
      • ‘Diners and workers were forced to flee a restaurant as a fire gutted the building in minutes.’
      • ‘Up to 50 firefighters wearing breathing apparatus spent two hours bringing the fire that gutted the workshop under control.’
      • ‘In the early 1980s, fire gutted the structure leaving only the later wings roofed.’
      • ‘A disused church hall next to Carshalton Library was gutted by fire in a suspected arson attack around 3.40 pm on Sunday.’
      • ‘A family of five are having to live in one hotel room after a fire gutted their home.’
      • ‘In the old city, many homes had been gutted and destroyed.’
      • ‘The sole occupant of the mobile home died in the blaze, and the mobile home was gutted before the fire brigade arrived.’
      • ‘Other buildings in the mill area have been gutted by fire in previous years.’
      • ‘Despite the desperate efforts of the local inhabitants, the school building was totally gutted by the time the firefighters got to the scene.’
      • ‘In 1933, a massive fire gutted the Reichstag building in Germany.’
      • ‘In February demolition work started, and the building was gutted, leaving just the shell.’
      • ‘The fire, the cause of which is currently unknown, has gutted a building housing the vast majority of the University's computer servers and networking equipment.’
      • ‘The couple's ancient cottage was gutted by fire a year ago, but wrangles over insurance left them unable to rebuild it and as a result they have slipped into mortgage arrears.’
      • ‘The cafe was gutted by a fire last week.’
      • ‘The trend where church authorities spend large sums of money gutting old churches and destroying original features is also mentioned in critical terms.’
      devastate, destroy, demolish, wipe out, lay waste to, ravage, consume, ruin, leave in ruins, wreck, raze, level, flatten
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  • 2British informal Cause (someone) to feel extremely upset or disappointed.

    ‘it guts me to think about what my mother and brother missed out on’
    ‘she described the ruling as absolutely gutting’
    • ‘Something like this, it guts you, doesn't it?’’
    • ‘"It's absolutely gutting to lose a semi-final," he adds.’
    • ‘The thought of having to plead guilty - it's really gutting me.’
    • ‘It is still a fertile area to explore and the failure was at least interesting, but nonetheless slightly gutting.’
    • ‘I think we exceeded what we expected to do out here but you go out there and you want to win and there is a gutting feeling when you lose.’
    • ‘What has gutted me the most and has really upset me is it has taken me three years to build up the CD collection.’
    • ‘If Holly lost out now it would be gutting.’
    • ‘It gutted me as a member of the goalkeepers' union when Barthez had that bad spell of three or four games but he's come back with some unbelievable saves.’
    • ‘The Elephant man just had me in floods of tears with the sad nobility of Merrick's death, whereas Menace's uber-bleak ending gutted me so much that I ended up choking back tears.’
    • ‘It is gutting to hear that people will lose their jobs and I really hope that the situation can be resolved positively.’
    • ‘To be overtaken in the final metres after dominating the race is obviously gutting.’
    • ‘Arnold is absolutely gutted by the decision.’
    • ‘We exceeded all our expectations in getting to the final, but it was gutting to finish as losers.’
    • ‘And then the students move on and the staff move out, which must be gutting, given the alternative accommodation is a purpose-built campus in Hendon.’
    • ‘People take a lot of pride in their cars so to have the badge stolen is gutting.’
    • ‘I know I can't ever play rugby again which is gutting, but my health comes first.’
    • ‘I was in constant pain and had to cancel a trip I had planned, which was gutting.’
    • ‘I wouldn't say it broke my heart, but it absolutely gutted me.’
    • ‘To have won the European title six times and not to be able to defend it this year is gutting.’
    • ‘It was a gutting experience that led to six months off; and after that I had to go back to basics, really learn from scratch again.’
    dishearten, discourage, demoralize, cast down, make dejected, make downhearted, depress, dismay, disappoint, daunt, deter, unman, unnerve, crush, sap, shake, throw, cow, subdue, undermine
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Phrases

  • bust a gut

    • 1informal Make a strenuous effort.

      ‘a problem which nobody is going to bust a gut trying to solve’
      • ‘A fantastic player, a good manager, an Irishman and a guy who would bust a gut for Ireland.’
      • ‘I've just been busting a gut to get everything done before I go to NY tomorrow.’
      • ‘I busted a gut to raise that money, to give myself the opportunity to climb the seven mountains.’
      • ‘For their part, the players are excited by the challenge, and plan to go that extra mile, run their legs off and bust a gut for the team in their application to teaching.’
      • ‘One doctor said: ‘We've all busted a gut for him and we are trying to make sure we can do the right thing.’’
      • ‘We win together and we lose together and I knew they would be busting a gut to get the car perfect as quickly as was safely possible.’
      • ‘Sometimes we feel it's fair to give somebody a chance, sometimes it's to reward players who have bust a gut in training to improve themselves.’
      • ‘But my concern is that our strikers should be busting a gut to score goals like that and I feel a lot of their problems are that too much work is done outside the area.’
      • ‘You are the one they look up to and try hard to impress, you are the one they will bust a gut for, you are the one they will run to when they've fallen down.’
      • ‘You cannot play this game with nine or ten men busting a gut and a few others standing around watching them.’
      try, attempt, venture, undertake, aspire, aim, seek, set out
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    • 2informal Laugh very heartily.

      ‘his facial expressions and ad libs were enough to get audiences to bust a gut’
      • ‘The dog eating the squeaky toy was simply too much… I nearly bust a gut.’
      • ‘Good Lord, I nearly busted a gut laughing!’
      • ‘We bust a gut and spilled our coffee and almost choked to death when we read this.’
      • ‘Why think an awards show can make you bust a gut?’
      • ‘Glancing into the audience I saw Papa just about to bust a gut laughing.’
      • ‘Sure, Mr. Burns was cute in a grandfatherly way, but who ever busted a gut laughing at a cigar smoking septagenerian who weighs 70 pounds soaking wet?’
      • ‘The boys at the Harvard Club busted a gut over that gag!’
      • ‘What I saw almost made me bust a gut laughing.’
      • ‘I never went five minutes without busting a gut.’
      • ‘I almost bust a gut watching that comedy sketch a couple of weeks ago.’
      chuckle, chortle, guffaw, giggle, titter, snigger, snicker, cackle, howl, roar, tee-hee, burst out laughing, hoot with laughter, roar with laughter, shake with laughter, be convulsed with laughter, dissolve into laughter, split one's sides, hold one's sides, be doubled up
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  • — one's guts out

    • informal Used to indicate that the specified action is done or performed as hard as possible.

      ‘he ran his guts out and finished fourth’
      • ‘I am satisfied with the effort of the lads today, they really tried their guts out.’
      • ‘The trend in the industrialised world is for people to work their guts out when young, then move to part-time working patterns or contract-based projects as life moves on.’
      • ‘Hats off to all the players currently in Finland playing their guts out for Canada.’
      • ‘It's a good combination, he says - not many bands can scream their guts out and then yodel.’
      • ‘These boys just went up there and played their guts out and the audience loved them all the more for it.’
      • ‘Watch out for the programme to be telecast shortly and laugh your guts out!’
      • ‘People who work their guts out against one another in federal elections are one big, happy family here.’
      • ‘I wasn't getting paid and although it's not all about money you're not going to slug your guts out for nothing.’
      • ‘I do sympathise tremendously - here you are slogging your guts out so that your family can be happy, and yet the amount of time you spend out of the home renders you a virtual stranger to them.’
      • ‘But I have tried my guts out to win the tournament and in the end I blew it.’
  • hate someone's guts

    • informal Feel a strong hatred for someone.

      • ‘Then, I got an e-mail from her saying she hates my guts.’
      • ‘I learnt that someone from my past who I thought liked me in fact hates my guts with a passion.’
      • ‘Other economists hate your guts for selling out to the liberals.’
      • ‘Of course, all Emperors can look forward to most people in the world hating their guts.’
      • ‘When I went into the audience to interview people, she actually hit me and told me she hated my guts.’
      • ‘The rest of the country hates his guts and knows he is an evil tyrant.’
      • ‘I was going out of the house this morning when my housemaid's kid, who hates my guts, hit me in the head with a rock.’
      • ‘Those on his good side appreciated his innovative methods, his sarcasm and how hard he pushed us, those who didn't respond hated his guts.’
      • ‘People give the impression that they hate his guts but he hasn't done anything to offend the public.’
      • ‘I'm pretty sure my brothers and sisters hated my guts.’
      loathe, detest, dislike greatly, abhor, abominate, despise, execrate, feel aversion towards, feel revulsion towards, feel hostile towards, be repelled by, be revolted by, regard with disgust, not be able to bear, not be able to stand, be unable to stomach, find intolerable, shudder at, recoil from, shrink from
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English guttas (plural), probably related to gēotan ‘pour’.

Pronunciation

gut

/ɡət//ɡət/