Definition of guru in English:

guru

noun

  • 1(in Hinduism and Buddhism) a spiritual teacher, especially one who imparts initiation.

    • ‘In most Hindu households, shops and businesses you will find altars and shrines, and the day is routinely started with worship of gods and gurus.’
    • ‘The hasid in Judaism, the Islamic wali, the Buddhist arahant and bodhisattva, and Hindu gurus have been assimilated to this category for the purposes of cross-cultural comparison.’
    • ‘His curiosity took him to his spiritual guru, a Himalayan master.’
    • ‘Spiritual gurus endorse the fact and centuries of wisdom have taught as that the real treasure is inside us.’
    • ‘In our country, Bharat, there are meetings of acharyas, dharma gurus.’
    • ‘Thus, it honors the great rishis, gurus, sants and mahatmas as the greatest heroes of all.’
    • ‘I also wanted to know whether gurus are really necessary for spiritual growth education.’
    • ‘Hindu gurus and godmen stake a claim to extraordinary and extra-constitutional powers not by invoking God's commandments or by a literal reading of a sacred book - such stratagems are easy to laugh off in this day and age.’
    • ‘Hinduism is a combination, a collection, of all the teachings and practices of thousands of rishis, gurus, philosophers, mystics and teachers throughout many centuries.’
    • ‘Similar new castes have been established as the need arose by gurus and priests throughout Hindu history.’
    • ‘Normally, the swamis and gurus keep aloof from the world.’
    • ‘In fact India's gurus have done much a better job than its politicians and diplomats, in projecting the country's image abroad.’
    • ‘She ignores the great Hindu yogis and gurus and does not discuss the Hindu Philosophy of the universe or higher states of consciousness, which she does not give any validity to.’
    • ‘I would love to chat or correspond with a Hindu guru, a Buddhist monk or an Indian yogi.’
    • ‘The more a guru or spiritual teacher abstains from food and laughter, the more he rises above human weaknesses and the accidents of life, the more a master and superior he is considered to be.’
    • ‘The spiritual guru also stressed the need to understand the essence of human self and every man or woman should have a fair knowledge about body composition.’
    • ‘Hindus who have a guru strive to receive spiritual initiation from him.’
    • ‘Mahashivarathri celebrates the grace of Shiva, considered the guru in the yogic tradition.’
    • ‘Some of the spiritual gurus advise people to live only in the present.’
    • ‘Here is but a handful of quotations reflecting his thoughts on his guru, on yoga and the spirituality of man.’
    spiritual teacher, teacher, tutor, sage, counsellor, mentor, guiding light, spiritual leader, leader, master
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Each of the ten first leaders of the Sikh religion.
      • ‘Beginning from the birth of the first guru, Guru Nanak, in 1469, Daljeet recounts the lives of the ten gurus and their teachings.’
      • ‘It soon spread throughout Punjab, and the fourth guru, Ram Das, established the holy city of Amritsar.’
      • ‘The authors of the verses of the Guru Grantha Sahib are not only the Sikh gurus, but also Hindu poet-saints.’
      • ‘Of the 10 Sikh gurus, nine visited the town, the only exception being Guru Angad Dev.’
      • ‘The religious compositions of the Sikh gurus combine aspects of classical Indian music with popular Punjabi folk tunes.’
      • ‘Like Ashtalakshmi panel, the panel of Sikh gurus is very much in demand, says Ms. Krishnan.’
      • ‘The holy book was enjoined upon the Sikhs as the eternal and spiritual Guru by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and the last Sikh guru.’
      • ‘Sikh leaders, gurus and elites were written about, but not dissenting movements, religious mobilisations, and the diversity of cultures within Sikhism itself.’
      • ‘Then in 1708 the last Sikh guru, Gobind Singh was assassinated by a local Mughal commander.’
      • ‘Thus, the guru formed the Khalsa, or ‘the Pure,’ the casteless community of Sikhs.’
      • ‘The author does not know the name of the last guru of the Sikhs.’
      • ‘The day also commemorates the founding of the Khalsa by the tenth guru, Guru Govind Singh.’
      • ‘Hundreds of thousands who had already arrived crowded into the temple on Tuesday behind the president to view the book, a collection of verses by Sikh gurus of the past.’
      • ‘By praising the aggressors of our country, one is not only praising terror and the terrorist tendencies, but also demeaning the sacrifices made by the Sikhs and the Sikh gurus.’
      • ‘Bawa's family is directly descended from the family of the third Sikh guru.’
      • ‘They were of the Sikh gurus and their followers, teaching, fighting and suffering, but mainly suffering.’
      • ‘They celebrated the 338th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of Sikhs, with a variety of functions on Sunday.’
      • ‘After a very dull and rainy morning, things seemed to brighten up today, allowing the yearly ceremony by the Sikhs celebrating the birth of their guru to take place.’
      • ‘The Gurudwara has facilities for lodging and boarding for visitors and Sikh gurus who come from outside Bangalore, during cultural and religious meets.’
      • ‘They learn about Sikh history, including the teachings of the 10 gurus, which form the foundation of the faith.’
    2. 1.2 An influential teacher or popular expert.
      ‘a management guru’
      • ‘He follows the teachings of modern management gurus rather than the old-style mandarins and party politicos.’
      • ‘Management gurus elsewhere were talking about how the only thing that business could be certain of was change.’
      • ‘To some, he is a management guru and business consultant, while a few see him as an entrepreneur.’
      • ‘Considered a management guru, his articles have been published in several journals.’
      • ‘Most business schools and management gurus have bought into the idea that options are a very positive thing, but the jury is still out on whether share options actually work.’
      • ‘He is better placed than a clutch of US management gurus to tell us what the business landscape is really like in Scotland today.’
      • ‘Bookshelves creak under the weight of books written by business gurus on how to manage a company, how to increase personal potential and to achieve success’
      • ‘Once celebrated as one of Europe's best businessmen and revered as a management guru by many, his reputation now looks dented.’
      • ‘This has been a recurring and favorite topic among business management gurus for at least the past two decades.’
      • ‘It is not everyday that a management guru decides to brave the ups and downs of the ‘dream-factory’.’
      • ‘These days, thanks to parents, administrators, government advisers and crackpot gurus, teachers are finding it harder and harder to have the energy to inspire anyone, even themselves.’
      • ‘Yeah and verily, the computer virus econometrics gurus join a royal college of experts who live primarily to feed statistics and figures to the news media.’
      • ‘He is equally critical of so-called management gurus and consultants, with major names coming under fire.’
      • ‘The economic gurus missed the employment number by a mile.’
      • ‘Like many business gurus, his messages are not necessarily original, but his engaging and inspirational style of delivery has made him a much-in-demand speaker.’
      • ‘Forget voice-coaches, image consultants, PR experts and makeover gurus; it's Lydia who can make you a star.’
      • ‘Co-opting him as a management guru is crass, yet if it opens more imaginations to the spell-binding it may be a useful book.’
      • ‘He's the most influential business guru you've never heard of.’
      • ‘Yet some experts think that the management guru's ideas cannot be applied to all businesses, of all sizes around the globe.’
      • ‘Accenture defined them as business intellectuals but they are probably better known as management gurus or business experts.’
      expert, authority, leading light, professional, master, pundit
      View synonyms

Origin

From Hindi and Punjabi, from Sanskrit guru ‘weighty, grave’ (compare with Latin gravis), hence ‘elder, teacher’.

Pronunciation

guru

/ˈɡo͝oro͞o//ˈɡʊru/