Definition of guru in English:

guru

noun

  • 1(in Hinduism and Buddhism) a spiritual teacher, especially one who imparts initiation.

    • ‘Hindu gurus and godmen stake a claim to extraordinary and extra-constitutional powers not by invoking God's commandments or by a literal reading of a sacred book - such stratagems are easy to laugh off in this day and age.’
    • ‘Here is but a handful of quotations reflecting his thoughts on his guru, on yoga and the spirituality of man.’
    • ‘The spiritual guru also stressed the need to understand the essence of human self and every man or woman should have a fair knowledge about body composition.’
    • ‘Mahashivarathri celebrates the grace of Shiva, considered the guru in the yogic tradition.’
    • ‘In our country, Bharat, there are meetings of acharyas, dharma gurus.’
    • ‘The hasid in Judaism, the Islamic wali, the Buddhist arahant and bodhisattva, and Hindu gurus have been assimilated to this category for the purposes of cross-cultural comparison.’
    • ‘Normally, the swamis and gurus keep aloof from the world.’
    • ‘In fact India's gurus have done much a better job than its politicians and diplomats, in projecting the country's image abroad.’
    • ‘Similar new castes have been established as the need arose by gurus and priests throughout Hindu history.’
    • ‘Hindus who have a guru strive to receive spiritual initiation from him.’
    • ‘Thus, it honors the great rishis, gurus, sants and mahatmas as the greatest heroes of all.’
    • ‘His curiosity took him to his spiritual guru, a Himalayan master.’
    • ‘She ignores the great Hindu yogis and gurus and does not discuss the Hindu Philosophy of the universe or higher states of consciousness, which she does not give any validity to.’
    • ‘The more a guru or spiritual teacher abstains from food and laughter, the more he rises above human weaknesses and the accidents of life, the more a master and superior he is considered to be.’
    • ‘In most Hindu households, shops and businesses you will find altars and shrines, and the day is routinely started with worship of gods and gurus.’
    • ‘Spiritual gurus endorse the fact and centuries of wisdom have taught as that the real treasure is inside us.’
    • ‘I also wanted to know whether gurus are really necessary for spiritual growth education.’
    • ‘I would love to chat or correspond with a Hindu guru, a Buddhist monk or an Indian yogi.’
    • ‘Some of the spiritual gurus advise people to live only in the present.’
    • ‘Hinduism is a combination, a collection, of all the teachings and practices of thousands of rishis, gurus, philosophers, mystics and teachers throughout many centuries.’
    spiritual teacher, teacher, tutor, sage, counsellor, mentor, guiding light, spiritual leader, leader, master
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    1. 1.1 Each of the ten first leaders of the Sikh religion.
      • ‘They were of the Sikh gurus and their followers, teaching, fighting and suffering, but mainly suffering.’
      • ‘The author does not know the name of the last guru of the Sikhs.’
      • ‘Bawa's family is directly descended from the family of the third Sikh guru.’
      • ‘Thus, the guru formed the Khalsa, or ‘the Pure,’ the casteless community of Sikhs.’
      • ‘Like Ashtalakshmi panel, the panel of Sikh gurus is very much in demand, says Ms. Krishnan.’
      • ‘Of the 10 Sikh gurus, nine visited the town, the only exception being Guru Angad Dev.’
      • ‘Then in 1708 the last Sikh guru, Gobind Singh was assassinated by a local Mughal commander.’
      • ‘They learn about Sikh history, including the teachings of the 10 gurus, which form the foundation of the faith.’
      • ‘It soon spread throughout Punjab, and the fourth guru, Ram Das, established the holy city of Amritsar.’
      • ‘They celebrated the 338th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of Sikhs, with a variety of functions on Sunday.’
      • ‘Beginning from the birth of the first guru, Guru Nanak, in 1469, Daljeet recounts the lives of the ten gurus and their teachings.’
      • ‘The day also commemorates the founding of the Khalsa by the tenth guru, Guru Govind Singh.’
      • ‘Sikh leaders, gurus and elites were written about, but not dissenting movements, religious mobilisations, and the diversity of cultures within Sikhism itself.’
      • ‘The religious compositions of the Sikh gurus combine aspects of classical Indian music with popular Punjabi folk tunes.’
      • ‘The Gurudwara has facilities for lodging and boarding for visitors and Sikh gurus who come from outside Bangalore, during cultural and religious meets.’
      • ‘The holy book was enjoined upon the Sikhs as the eternal and spiritual Guru by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and the last Sikh guru.’
      • ‘By praising the aggressors of our country, one is not only praising terror and the terrorist tendencies, but also demeaning the sacrifices made by the Sikhs and the Sikh gurus.’
      • ‘Hundreds of thousands who had already arrived crowded into the temple on Tuesday behind the president to view the book, a collection of verses by Sikh gurus of the past.’
      • ‘After a very dull and rainy morning, things seemed to brighten up today, allowing the yearly ceremony by the Sikhs celebrating the birth of their guru to take place.’
      • ‘The authors of the verses of the Guru Grantha Sahib are not only the Sikh gurus, but also Hindu poet-saints.’
    2. 1.2 An influential teacher or popular expert.
      ‘a management guru’
      • ‘Management gurus elsewhere were talking about how the only thing that business could be certain of was change.’
      • ‘Forget voice-coaches, image consultants, PR experts and makeover gurus; it's Lydia who can make you a star.’
      • ‘It is not everyday that a management guru decides to brave the ups and downs of the ‘dream-factory’.’
      • ‘Most business schools and management gurus have bought into the idea that options are a very positive thing, but the jury is still out on whether share options actually work.’
      • ‘He's the most influential business guru you've never heard of.’
      • ‘These days, thanks to parents, administrators, government advisers and crackpot gurus, teachers are finding it harder and harder to have the energy to inspire anyone, even themselves.’
      • ‘This has been a recurring and favorite topic among business management gurus for at least the past two decades.’
      • ‘Once celebrated as one of Europe's best businessmen and revered as a management guru by many, his reputation now looks dented.’
      • ‘Like many business gurus, his messages are not necessarily original, but his engaging and inspirational style of delivery has made him a much-in-demand speaker.’
      • ‘He is better placed than a clutch of US management gurus to tell us what the business landscape is really like in Scotland today.’
      • ‘Co-opting him as a management guru is crass, yet if it opens more imaginations to the spell-binding it may be a useful book.’
      • ‘The economic gurus missed the employment number by a mile.’
      • ‘Accenture defined them as business intellectuals but they are probably better known as management gurus or business experts.’
      • ‘Bookshelves creak under the weight of books written by business gurus on how to manage a company, how to increase personal potential and to achieve success’
      • ‘To some, he is a management guru and business consultant, while a few see him as an entrepreneur.’
      • ‘He is equally critical of so-called management gurus and consultants, with major names coming under fire.’
      • ‘Considered a management guru, his articles have been published in several journals.’
      • ‘Yeah and verily, the computer virus econometrics gurus join a royal college of experts who live primarily to feed statistics and figures to the news media.’
      • ‘Yet some experts think that the management guru's ideas cannot be applied to all businesses, of all sizes around the globe.’
      • ‘He follows the teachings of modern management gurus rather than the old-style mandarins and party politicos.’
      expert, authority, leading light, professional, master, pundit
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Origin

From Hindi and Punjabi, from Sanskrit guru weighty, grave (compare with Latin gravis), hence elder, teacher.

Pronunciation

guru

/ˈɡo͝oro͞o/