Definition of grind in English:

grind

verb

  • 1with object Reduce (something) to small particles or powder by crushing it.

    ‘grind some black pepper over the salad’
    ‘they grind up fish for fertilizer’
    • ‘People grind the seed and use the powder to boil the tea.’
    • ‘Millet is ground into flour and made into porridge by boiling it in water.’
    • ‘You take a handful of each herb, put it in a mortar, and grind it to a powder.’
    • ‘For the chicken, using a mortar and pestle, grind garlic and salt to form a paste.’
    • ‘Then the corn is coarsely ground to break the germ loose from other kernel components.’
    • ‘In a mortar and pestle, grind the chilli, salt and shrimp paste.’
    • ‘The dried plant material was weighed and then ground finely using a ball mill.’
    • ‘After harvesting, the corn needs to be ground into flour.’
    • ‘She took to grinding the medication into powder and snorting it.’
    • ‘Then the blackened beans are ground in a mortar.’
    • ‘With so many Mexican items in stores across the US, you can make your own chili powder by grinding your own spices.’
    • ‘The bark of this tree is collected fresh, well before the sunrise, and is ground up to make a herbal preparation.’
    • ‘He grinds pigments to a fine powder, then brushes them onto wet plaster, following the outlines of his sketches transferred earlier.’
    • ‘Addicts either swallow the tablets or grind them into powder that can be inhaled or turned into liquid and injected.’
    • ‘If the root is ground to a powder, as some growers do, it is then boiled to extract the liquorice essence.’
    • ‘Tenant farmers who toiled on the estate were obliged to use the mill to grind their corn.’
    • ‘Leaf samples were ground in small mortars in liquid nitrogen.’
    • ‘Finally, drizzle the whole lot with olive oil and grind black pepper over everything.’
    • ‘The bark is ground to an off-white powder that has a sweet taste and a pinelike odor.’
    • ‘The bones are cleaned, toasted in oil and then ground into a powder.’
    crush, pound, pulverize, mill, powder, granulate, grate, mince, shred, crumble, pestle, mash, smash, press, fragment, kibble
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Sharpen, smooth, or produce (something) by crushing or by friction.
      ‘power from a waterwheel was used to grind cutlery’
      • ‘He studies, grinds and polishes Japanese swords and daggers for sale to museums and private collectors across the world.’
      • ‘Next, Tinsley Laboratories will grind and polish the mirrors and finally Ball builds the telescope.’
      • ‘The generator is a compound surface grinder used to grind curves in the surface of the lens’
      • ‘Using a diamond grinder, she ground some of the bones flush with the concrete surface.’
      • ‘When carving the background areas, one must be careful not to grind away too much white stone.’
      • ‘In both operations, cutters had to be removed from the arbors and ground to resharpen.’
      • ‘Only in the black leaf bases did they reach the surfaces exposed by grinding off the charcoal.’
      • ‘After cooling slowly, the piece is then ground to remove excess enamel, and polished.’
      • ‘Unaided by some kind of equipment, a person cannot grind down the surface of a rock; that's why a field geologist carries a hammer.’
      • ‘Some people actually shave or grind down parts of their skates so that they can fit larger wheels.’
      • ‘The large upright stone also bears the marks of where new adze heads were ground and sharpened.’
      sharpen, whet, make sharp, make sharper, hone, file, strop
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Operate (a mill or machine) by turning the handle.
      ‘she was grinding a coffee mill’
      • ‘We had no bread for quite a while, so we got wheat berries, and took turns grinding a coffee mill with our hands.’
      • ‘Anyone who likes preparing a good meal has undoubtedly had the experience of enthusiastically shaking or grinding the pepper-mill over a pot only to find themselves in a sneezing fit moments later.’
    3. 1.3no object (of a mill or machine) work with a crushing action.
      ‘the old mill was grinding again’
      • ‘It is curious to imagine what chaff might be produced if these two millstones ever came together, and started grinding.’
      • ‘A handful of huts, a small mill grinding by the stream's edge, a place of twenty ploughs, no more.’
      • ‘At 6am the garbage truck makes its way down the street, brakes grinding and compactor whirring.’
      • ‘Ever since the Americans built up the Dominican sugar industry in the 1920s, it is Haitian muscle that has kept the mills grinding and the cane cut.’
      • ‘But last week the machinery at last began to grind in a legal process which has been delayed by nine years of political wrangling.’
      • ‘And those mills grind remorselessly and cruelly at times.’
      • ‘Its engine grinds in the background, twenty-four hours a day.’
      • ‘The wheels of the mill are driven by water from the stream and as they turn the whole mill starts to grind and shake with sieves, wheels, drive belts all tied into the water power.’
      • ‘But the mills of the gods sometimes grind in an unknown's favour.’
      • ‘The company compares it to a turning machine that grinds.’
  • 2Rub or cause to rub together gratingly.

    no object ‘tectonic plates that inexorably grind against each other’
    with object ‘he keeps me awake at night, grinding his teeth’
    • ‘For instance, the dentist might ask your parents if they hear you grinding your teeth when you're asleep.’
    • ‘My teeth grind together, and my hackles rise, and I want to find the radio or whatever it is and rip it to bits.’
    • ‘When she reached the hill, she really began pushing herself, her wheels grinding against the hard, rocky ground.’
    • ‘Eleanor clutched a handful of sand, grinding her teeth audibly.’
    • ‘Two plates meet just off Sumatra's coast, grinding together and sending tremors through the region.’
    • ‘They rode the rest of the way in silence, listening to the gears grinding as they were lowered down.’
    • ‘The US and European economies can be regarded as two giant tectonic plates that grind against each other.’
    • ‘Rochester is a study in contrasts, a medium-size city that seems to sit astride the fault line where the new economy grinds up against the old.’
    • ‘She closed her eyes, her teeth grinding together.’
    • ‘It is a fault line where a basaltic oceanic plate grinds against a continental plate and dives into the hot core of the earth - a subduction zone.’
    • ‘Rudolf could hear the metal of the wheels grind against the metal of the tracks.’
    • ‘The discs act as cushions that prevent the bones of the spine from grinding together, and also as small shock absorbers.’
    • ‘The air around him slowly grew warmer, and he began to hear the heavy clunk and crunch of metal slabs grinding together.’
    • ‘The brain keeps trying to compensate, the teeth grind, and the whole jaw tenses up.’
    • ‘Simon growled and clenched his fist, his teeth grinding together furiously.’
    • ‘I heard stone grinding against stone and slowly the bookcase slid aside revealing a spiral staircase.’
    • ‘As we get closer to town, the bus begins making stops more frequently, the wheels grinding angrily on their worn bearings each time.’
    • ‘Where these plates meet, they grind together, creating earthquakes.’
    • ‘Excruciating backache feels like the bones grinding together.’
    • ‘I could feel my teeth grinding against one another.’
    rub, grate, scrape, rasp
    gnash, grit
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1no object , with adverbial Move noisily and laboriously, especially against a countering force.
      ‘the truck was grinding slowly up the hill’
      • ‘That horrid smell, that horrid noise; the hissing of the wheels grinding over the asphalt road, that drilling noise.’
      • ‘The elevator grinds loudly, about to reach the limit of its ascent.’
      • ‘I would sit on the roofs of listing, overloaded trucks grinding up and down hundreds of switchbacks across the gorge-scarred Yunnan province.’
      • ‘The platform rose, grinding loudly as it went, reminding the girl that there was something else that needed fixing besides her bike.’
      • ‘He can then grind slowly westwards, picking up centres as the rest fight amongst themselves.’
      • ‘The justice system grinds slowly and gets off to many a false start, but it ends up triumphant.’
      • ‘Remember, the wheels of the justice system can grind very slowly, at least in the US.’
      • ‘We've descended with him in an old cage lift that grinds and lurches down a shaft sunk in 1885.’
      • ‘Three-wheeled beach vans selling everything from cigarettes to cakes grind their way through the sand.’
      • ‘It was a slow day at work on the Monday before Melbourne Cup and the wheels of the Victorian bureaucracy were grinding slower than usual.’
      move laboriously, strain, struggle, drag oneself, fight one's way, labour
      View synonyms
  • 3informal no object (of a dancer) rotate the hips.

    ‘go-go girls grinding to blaring disco’
    • ‘She crawled on top of him and started dancing and grinding slowly on top of him.’
    • ‘Some guy moved in behind me and started to grind against me.’
    • ‘Christina and Toby stood up, went to the dance floor and started grinding.’
    • ‘I was not surprised as I saw Melissa grinding with Alex on the dance floor.’
    • ‘By the time I caught up to her, it was to behold the sight of her and Jake making out and grinding to the music.’
    • ‘Jack knew that Angela wasn't the type of girl to grind while dancing, and he doubted whether she knew how to.’
    • ‘I actually ended up dancing - grinding - with my Aunt Carolyn's date, Jake.’
    • ‘Jude glanced around, seeing Andy grinding with some girl who was not Claudia.’
    • ‘People were bumping and grinding together on the dance floor and others were either making out in a free corner or sitting and trying to have a conversation.’
    • ‘Although the video did have a lot of ‘bloke appeal’, with the singer and her dancers grinding and gyrating from start to finish, I got the impression that it was all her idea.’
    • ‘He escorted me down a narrow hall and back to the party, where I was met with many people dancing and grinding to some music that got on my nerves.’
    • ‘Everyone was dancing and grinding in very unusual ways.’
    • ‘People were grinding, and just dancing, holding beers in their hands.’
    • ‘Both get to grind against some scantily clad girls.’
    • ‘Very simple, very direct, able to make you move and grind.’
    • ‘Soon she's balancing dance lessons with recording sessions and grinding with boy-band superstars, even her lifelong crush.’
    • ‘He laughed and moved to grind with the scarily leggy female.’

noun

  • 1A crushing or grating sound or motion.

    ‘the crunch and grind of bulldozers’
    figurative ‘the slow grind of the US legal system’
    • ‘Hypnotic grinds and guitar driven loops are this bands arsenal.’
    • ‘The uncomfortably familiar grind and click of a rampaging computer sounded again, the numbers beginning anew.’
    • ‘He captures the endless grind of urban progress with background noises such as busses and television dominating the soundscape.’
    • ‘The song seamlessly carries on with 20 singers and the simple grind of a handful of chords.’
    • ‘The leaves splintered and crunched with a profound grind: amplified by the silence of the wood.’
    • ‘Tempos run from a zillion beats per minute to a slow, torturous grind.’
    • ‘Leaving his horse he walked around the perimeter, the grind of his boots on gravel and grass the only sound in the evening stillness.’
    • ‘The slow grind of American law has produced indictments.’
    • ‘The car stopped with a ding, then letting out a grind as it began to slide to its left.’
    • ‘The sound of the hatch opening was replaced with a loud grind at the front of the pod.’
    • ‘The woman is a predatory siren whose fierce, angular movements are accompanied by the creaks and grinds of unoiled door hinges.’
    • ‘Yet we know that not even the best technology, unattended, stands a chance against the slow grind of nature.’
    • ‘"We use half a tank getting up the Kaimais and then we have the slow grind down the other side, " he said.’
    • ‘People discover they are capable of things they had hardly dreamt of, and realise talents and potentials previously crushed by the grind of capitalism.’
    1. 1.1 The size of ground particles.
      ‘only the right grind gives you all the fine flavor’
      • ‘This grind we call a Turkish Grind which is the finest grind yet.’
      • ‘Visitors can choose either roasted coffee beans, medium grind coffee, fine blend coffee or cappuccino in different sizes and packets.’
      • ‘The motor will not clog up with a very fine grind.’
      • ‘The flour texture is a medium grind perfectly suited for my breads, cookies and muffins.’
  • 2Hard dull work.

    ‘relief from the daily grind’
    • ‘But it is a tough grind for the animals and the men.’
    • ‘The work should pay off during the grind of August and September.’
    • ‘It was a hell of a lot of fun for a while, but eventually turned into a grind.’
    • ‘Some say the grind of the season will break you down mentally.’
    • ‘All the worries, all the tears and anger and stress, the relentless grind of her life - gone.’
    • ‘She feels that her job has freed her from both the grind of the touring lifestyle and pressures she would face to tailor her work to the tastes of out-of-town presenters.’
    • ‘Such preseason work will pay off through the grind of a long season.’
    • ‘A friend of mine has escaped the daily grind for a jaunt to Paris.’
    • ‘Feel the need to escape the daily grind?’
    • ‘Work is turning into a grind with 3 projects on the go.’
    • ‘It's like taking a step away from the daily grind, the hard slog, the trials and the tribulations so you can focus on nothing but having fun for three whole days.’
    • ‘And it gave his life a drastic turn, pulling him away from the ulcerating grind of a big-city businessman.’
    • ‘Escaping from their day-to-day grind was the sole reason for signing up in the first place.’
    • ‘I understand that retirement can be a major shock to the system if you have been used to working for your living and coping with the pressures and aggravations of the daily grind.’
    • ‘It's time to take a break from the normal grind, slow down, take it easy, and of course… listen to relaxing music.’
    • ‘Her working life is a relentless grind, just as it is for many working people.’
    • ‘Each worker has a tale of hard work, staff shortages and the daily grind to survive.’
    • ‘Others ditch the daily grind for a slower-paced life.’
    • ‘His decision to give up the daily grind was made when he took 10 weeks off in the summer of 2001 to ponder the future.’
    • ‘For most working women, it is a long, hard grind.’
    chore, slog, travail
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1US informal An excessively hard-working student.
      • ‘In a class full of grinds that sent more than eighty kids on to Ivy League schools each year, he finished first, effortlessly, and sailed through Harvard with equal ease.’
      • ‘In gymnastics, like in school, there are grinds who learn everything by rote.’
      • ‘You sound like a total grind. Like you never skipped a class the day after a party.’
      • ‘About 1957, MIT undergraduates began referring to ‘gnurds,’ studious grinds, especially in science and engineering.’
      • ‘She is an insufferably sensible young woman — a grind at school, hiding behind thick glasses and inside bulky cardigans.’
  • 3informal A dancer's rotary movement of the hips.

    ‘a bump and grind’
    • ‘Two women did concentrated bumps and grinds, bumps and grinds, bumps and grinds.’
    • ‘Diana, who had gotten up from the table to fetch another biscuit, did an impromptu bump and grind.’
    • ‘A voluptuous black girl in leather and a thicket of beaded dreadlocks jumped in front of him and mirrored his strokes, his bumps and grinds.’
    • ‘How often do we get to see a bump and grind performed on pointe?’
    • ‘She smiled seductively when she saw him, and walked over, swinging her hips in a slow grind.’
    • ‘Also notable was the choreography of dirty grinds and salsa steps, which were pulled off with equally impressive aplomb.’

Phrases

  • grind to a halt (or come to a grinding halt)

    • Move more and more slowly and then stop.

      • ‘Motorists are concerned that city centre traffic could grind to a halt when the street is closed from October 31.’
      • ‘We came to a grinding halt on the side of the road to find petrol leaking from the bottom of the carburettor.’
      • ‘My exercise regime came to a grinding halt about a month ago when I got a knee effusion out of nowhere.’
      • ‘By the time they drove two more blocks, traffic had ground to a halt.’
      • ‘It was roughly at this time I noticed that whenever I spoke emotionally, my speech came slower and slower until grinding to a halt.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, traffic ground to a halt on many major routes due to speed restrictions and fallen trees, police said.’
      • ‘We breezed into the airport, got our tickets, cleared customs - and came to a grinding halt at immigration.’
      • ‘The bus then slowly ground to a halt.’
      • ‘Thanks to some quick measure taken by the authorities, the work on the project which had come to a grinding halt once, has finally reached the completion stage.’
      • ‘Less than an hour before, traffic ground to a halt when a truck had a blow-out.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • grind away

    • Work or study hard.

      • ‘It really is encouraging to the guys who have been here grinding away.’
      • ‘Keeping up the illusion of grinding away at the same old job isn't enough, however.’
      • ‘That is the Third Division, you have to battle and grind away.’
      • ‘You just have to keep grinding away and hope that it happens for you.’
      • ‘It's more flexible, it's clean, your're scheduled to meet your clients and left alone with them, instead of grinding away to meet quotas and schedules with bosses looking over your shoulder.’
      • ‘It's quite depressing for the kind of writers who grind away at it for years sort of honing their craft and then do the book.’
      • ‘You use it only when you feel that the other side is simply grinding away to get the last penny off your price.’
      • ‘He has continued to grind away at the project to which he dedicated himself more than a decade ago.’
      • ‘It's going to take a bunch of us grinding away at it full-time to make this stuff work.’
      • ‘Some people think that the only practical way to work is to take a single task and grind away until it is done, and then look around to determine what is the right next piece of work to do.’
  • grind someone down

    • Wear someone down with continuous harsh or oppressive treatment.

      ‘mundane everyday things which just grind people down’
      • ‘‘We are fighting a continual battle and eventually it grinds you down,’ she said.’
      • ‘I've been doing this kind of thing for more than two years now, and it's grinding me down.’
      • ‘The conditions of Indonesian women in 1900 were atrocious; they were ground down by their social position in general, by the aristocracy and by Dutch imperialism.’
      • ‘A prominent public figure, she was also the survivor of an unhappy family, and private sadness had ground her down by the time she reached her 50s.’
      • ‘And I agree, the pain does grind us down and is something that can't really be explained in words.’
      • ‘As much as you try to be professional, it does grind you down.’
      • ‘We know that his years of drudgery have ground him down.’
      • ‘I suspect they were trying to grind me down into submission.’
      • ‘The job was grinding him down without making him rich.’
      oppress, persecute, tyrannize, suppress
      View synonyms
  • grind on

    • Continue for a long time in a wearying or tedious way.

      ‘the rail talks grind on’
      • ‘So many copies were made that not all of them were destroyed as the centuries ground on.’
      • ‘He must have been suffering agonies of worry as the weeks grind on and foot and mouth continues to ravage the land.’
      • ‘If the economy does not get going soon and if the guerrilla war grinds on then the tide could easily turn.’
      • ‘His troubles began in February 2000 but the case against him continues to grind on.’
      • ‘Even as the proceedings grind on, it is increasingly apparent that no one has any clear idea of where the inquiry is headed or indeed where it will end up.’
      drag on, go on and on, plod on, pass slowly, move slowly, creep along, limp along, crawl, hang heavy, go at a snail's pace, wear on, go on too long
      View synonyms
  • grind something out

    • Produce something dull or tedious slowly and laboriously.

      ‘I must grind out some more fiction’
      • ‘Gradually, however, productivity improvements have been ground out and Germany's relative unit labour costs have fallen.’
      • ‘Right now I'd be grinding it out on Wall Street and probably hating life.’
      • ‘He growled slowly, seemingly having great difficulty grinding the words out.’
      • ‘I've had six years at this club and the situation we're in now is terrible but we've just got to keep going and grind results out.’
      • ‘We ground it out in the trenches, creating the identity of the magazine issue by issue.’
      • ‘I think there's a realization, obviously, that, look, we're going to go through a process, and it's in the courts now, and the machinery is going to have to grind it out, and it's going to take some time.’
      • ‘The entrepreneur who is on the verge of dismal failure, grinds it out and builds a successful business.’
      • ‘Anne McCaffrey, bless her ink-stained fingers, keeps grinding them out.’
      • ‘These last couple of months, I'll grind it out and see if I'm in the plans for next year or not.’
      • ‘He said: ‘I know it wasn't all that pretty but we keep grinding the results out even though we are missing some good players.’’
      produce, generate, crank out, turn out
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English grindan, probably of Germanic origin. Although no cognates are known, it may be distantly related to Latin frendere ‘rub away, gnash’.

Pronunciation

grind

/ɡrīnd//ɡraɪnd/