Main definitions of gray in English

: gray1gray2

gray1

(British grey)

adjective

  • 1Of a color intermediate between black and white, as of ashes or an overcast sky.

    ‘gray flannel trousers’
    • ‘One complaint, though: white / gray text on a black background is just plain painful on the eyes.’
    • ‘Pulling on his hat and scarf he walked out into the gray fog of San Francisco.’
    • ‘The fresh-faced 52-year-old looks energetic and youthful, despite his thinning grey hair and glasses.’
    • ‘I'm sat on the upper floor of a Starbuck's on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, watching people come and go in the grey drizzle, while I catch up on my e-mail.’
    • ‘Thick gray rain clouds hid the sun, and there was a hint of thunder in the air.’
    • ‘The narrow roads add to the town's character and are lined with grey buildings built out of Bath stone.’
    • ‘Off on the horizon, dark grey storm clouds gathered.’
    • ‘The skies were grey and cloudy, and it was growing darker at an alarming rate.’
    • ‘Boys will wear black shoes, grey trousers, a white airtex polo shirt, and a navy v-neck sweatshirt featuring the school's specially designed logo.’
    • ‘Every day she is getting closer to her 50th birthday and her honey blonde hair is slowly turning grey.’
    • ‘Gray chairs and a dull gray carpet give the visiting area a stark, lifeless appearance.’
    • ‘Out in the playground during break boys dash around kicking a ball, their white shirts hanging out of their grey flannel trousers.’
    • ‘Manda opened the door, and found herself looking at an elderly woman in a gray suit, sitting behind her desk.’
    • ‘He wore white T-shirt and dark gray pants with black belt.’
    • ‘A cast-iron open fireplace with a pale grey marble mantel provides a focal point.’
    • ‘After leaving Provence, grey skies and damp weather seem like an affront to the senses.’
    • ‘She could feel Mike looking at her, his gray eyes boring into her.’
    • ‘He is of a medium build and has short grey receding hair and a moustache.’
    • ‘People who dye their grey hair need to keep their roots up to date and never let them grow to an inch long.’
    • ‘Opposite him sat a tall girl who looked to be no more than in her early twenties with long curly dark brown hair and thin piercing grey eyes.’
    greyish, silvery
    ashen, wan, pale, pasty, pallid, colourless, sallow, leaden, bloodless, anaemic, white, waxen, chalky
    white, silver, hoary
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of a person) having gray hair.
      ‘a gray, fatherly gentleman’
      • ‘I started going grey when I was 19.’
      • ‘He had gone quite grey, she noticed, since her last visit.’
      • ‘Tall, unsmiling and prematurely grey, he lacks the personal presence you might expect from a media power-player.’
      • ‘He's grey, got a few miles on the clock and hooks into the public purse as though he was a fair-dinkum member of the royal family, but a merry old soul he is not.’
      • ‘When it comes to their own hair, many men seem to feel that going grey somehow just happened to them.’
      • ‘When the allegations became public Leslie turned grey overnight.’
      • ‘Wearing a brown jacket, blue shirt and blue jeans, he's undoubtedly grey.’
      • ‘There's nothing wrong with changing your hair if you're going grey and don't like it.’
      • ‘No wonder I'm completely gray; you two have worried the color plumb out of my hair.’
    2. 1.2informal Relating to old people, especially when seen as an oppressed group.
      ‘gray power’
      • ‘Moreover, others warn, the burden of financing Scotland's new grey army could put further pressure on the UK.’
      • ‘With Britain's population ageing, the power of the grey pound is constantly on the increase.’
      • ‘In America, grey power is the key to electoral victory.’
      • ‘The growing importance of the ‘grey market’ has shattered the travel industry's traditional view of older clients and is forcing tour operators to take people over the age of 55 more seriously.’
      • ‘It felt more like a rally of the grey power movement.’
      • ‘Away from the political and economic aspects of grey power, a quiet revolution is taking place in the retirement housing market.’
      • ‘Several companies have launched savings accounts aimed at what they call the grey market.’
      • ‘In a wry demonstration of grey power, the young are finally saved from annihilation when the professor assembles a team of aged scientists who are immune to the alien attraction.’
      • ‘This retirement community is the ultimate expression of grey power.’
      • ‘Tourism chiefs are waking up to the power of the grey pound, with VisitScotland now predicting the bulk of tourism income will come from the cash-rich over-50s.’
      • ‘In addition, it is worth noting, Bush has struck a blow for grey power.’
      • ‘‘If grey power gets itself organised, they'll be the most fantastic force in the land,’ she says.’
      • ‘At the same time, driven by less positive reasons - such as poverty and exasperation - we are witnessing a real growth of grey power.’
    3. 1.3(of the weather) cloudy and dull; without sun.
      ‘a cold, gray November day’
      • ‘Well, it was a midweek afternoon in November; the weather was grey and dank and not much was happening.’
      • ‘The day dawned cloudy and gray, not typically amusement park weather, but absolutely perfect to avoid crowds.’
      • ‘It's grey and dull and slightly damp (like my spirits).’
      • ‘Tannadice was enveloped by the kind of dreich, grey weather which made you wonder whether the floodlights would have sufficient wattage to illuminate the pitch.’
      • ‘For the past three years Maggie Hall has been escaping the cold, grey winters of the UK.’
      • ‘The weather was cool, grey and moist, and the scenery pretty bleak, but spectacular nonetheless.’
      • ‘Woody Allen says he loves London's famous gray and dreary weather and its residents' ever-expressive slang.’
      • ‘He looked exactly the same as yesterday, though that may have had something to do with the fact that the weather was grey and cloudy.’
      • ‘The day went by quickly, everybody's mood seemed to be glum and the gray and rainy weather outside didn't help.’
      • ‘It is a grey morning, though the sun is trying to break through.’
      • ‘The weather was overcast and gray but rain held off for the entire day until the group was on its way back to the cars.’
      • ‘The weather started out grey and chill but has warmed steadily until, today, I resorted to wearing a pair of scruffy old shorts around the house and garden.’
      • ‘It may be cloudy and grey outside, but I'm warm at the moment.’
      • ‘Now normally you couldn't pay me to go to Hamleys but the grey weather was getting us all down.’
      • ‘With the weather being dull and grey outside, I am in shopping mood today.’
      • ‘The weather is gray and gloomy throughout much of the country.’
      • ‘The Phipps Bridge estate does not look very welcoming on a grey and wet January afternoon.’
      • ‘No great penalty because the weather has turned somewhat grey and dour, with a bite in the wind that's guaranteed to find its way through all but the stoutest of outdoor clothing.’
      • ‘Last winter, I went to Tucson for a little break from the gray weather and cold in Northern California.’
      • ‘It was grey and cloudy and looked as if a storm were in the works.’
    4. 1.4(of a person's face) pale, as through tiredness, age, or illness.
      ‘a few people, their faces gray and bitter’
      • ‘Matt's hair was untamed and messy and his face was grey with hot red flushes in his cheeks.’
      • ‘Their guru's eyes were deep in their sockets, his face was gray, his lips were curled and his throat was dry.’
      • ‘When I turned to look at him, I was shocked to see his face was gray, covered in perspiration and his breathing was shallow.’
      • ‘My sister's face was gray with tears and I knew that I had not caused them, I hadn't been there.’
      • ‘He was grey and barely breathing - six days after he was first admitted after suffering a series of fits at his family's home in Flamborough.’
      • ‘He turned to see Ned staggering, and then collapsing on to the floor, his face ghostly grey with beads of sweat across his forehead.’
      • ‘Keziah could see the boy's shoulders sagging with exhaustion, and his face was grey with fatigue.’
      • ‘His brown eyes were quite noticeable on his otherwise gray face.’
      • ‘Even though his face was so gray, red patches of fever burned in his cheeks.’
      • ‘She was grey, she was cold, I picked her up and patted her back and got no response.’
  • 2Dull and nondescript; without interest or character.

    ‘gray, faceless men’
    ‘the gray daily routine’
    • ‘The Holloway road is a grim grey artery filled with traffic pollution and lined by nondescript retail outlets.’
    • ‘Zahariev works at a gas station and participation in the contest brought him a ray of light from his normally gray and monotonous routine.’
    • ‘I went along for an interview in London, and a particularly grey, faceless person interviewed me.’
    • ‘Certainly as far as a candidate and a politician, he is gray.’
    • ‘Color is emotion, the opposite of the gray world of accounting.’
    • ‘But as long as it doesn't serve the economical interests of the grey men, those who control the governments that control the world, it won't happen.’
    characterless, colourless, nondescript, unremarkable, faceless
    View synonyms
  • 3(of financial or trading activity) not accounted for in official statistics.

    ‘the gray economy’
    • ‘This next phase would build on existing measures to clamp down on the grey economy and close the loopholes allowing for tax evasion.’
    • ‘Some analysts believe that it will increase the scale of the grey economy.’
    • ‘The country's grey economy is robbing the Government of close to €1.6 billion in unpaid taxes annually.’
    • ‘In his opinion, the idea of the measures was rather to bring a larger part of the gray economy into the light.’
    • ‘No less alarming was the growing grey economy consistently sustained by well-organised smuggling networks and crime groups.’
    • ‘The latest studies indicate that the grey economy in Bulgaria is at 20 per cent.’
    • ‘According to the e-zine, the share of the grey economy in Bulgaria has been growing since 1993.’
    • ‘Increased use of electronic payments is one way to decrease the share of the grey economy.’
    • ‘According to one authoritative estimate, nearly a quarter of India's economy is in the grey economy - almost twice the level of China.’
    • ‘Purvanov said he had no information on any relationship between those in the grey economy, and political parties.’
    • ‘Sixty five per cent of the transactions are done by the grey economy.’
    • ‘Actually, the so-called grey economy operates very well outside official regulation.’
    • ‘Finance Minister Milen Velchev believes that the grey economy has receded in Bulgaria in recent years, albeit by a modest degree.’
    • ‘One of the problems was that these labourers were working in a part of the grey economy that is free of those often decried regulations.’
    • ‘UDF MP Nikola Nikolov told a news conference that for his party, such an amendment to the law will reduce the grey economy in this sector.’
    • ‘Most children working without a contract are hired in the grey economy.’
    • ‘The higher rates will doom some companies, while others will be forced to shift into the grey economy in order to survive.’
    unofficial, informal, irregular, back-door
    View synonyms

noun

  • 1Gray color or pigment.

    ‘dirty intermediate tones of gray’
    • ‘The snow seemed amazingly white against the cold grey of an Ontario winter sky.’
    • ‘Oriental blue and silver gray are the colors traditionally associated with Military Intelligence units.’
    • ‘The sky is now a uniform shade of grey and it's raining fairly steadily.’
    • ‘I know that grey isn't the best background colour to use on a webpage, but I'll put up with it.’
    • ‘Their water pots are a sudden burst of colour against the dusty grey of the road.’
    • ‘Instead, opt for solid colors such as plain whites, blacks and grays; they're classics and can easily be matched with the rest of your wardrobe.’
    • ‘He will wear more earthy tones such as brown, and of course, black, white and gray.’
    • ‘The anemic palate that colours the film - grays, browns, and other hushed earth tones - provide the foreboding backdrop.’
    • ‘Suit colours for the summer include stone, muted grey, cream and oyster.’
    • ‘Although the underlying colour scheme of grey and red remains the same, some old pieces have been dropped and new ones added.’
    • ‘Although the set is colourful, the costumes themselves range from shades of grey to black and white.’
    • ‘It's a startling shade of blue grey, but apart from that, it's very well styled.’
    • ‘His hair was also a light gray that looked almost white, but it was very short, like it had just been shaved.’
    • ‘His eyes were a very deep grey, almost blue, but they were still very familiar.’
    • ‘It was only two o'clock, yet the sky was a deep grey dotted with small white clouds.’
    • ‘The film is dominated by the grays, whites, and browns of Newfoundland in the early spring.’
    • ‘Today the restaurant is a discreetly elegant affair, all subtle greys and white.’
    • ‘The sun was just beginning to set and the sky was a combination of blue, orange and gray.’
    • ‘The sets are effective; economical and fairly traditional, with drained out colour, predominantly greys and blues.’
    • ‘I'd go for a dark shade of gray because it blends well with just about everything.’
    1. 1.1Gray clothes or material.
      ‘the gentleman in gray’
      • ‘My attire that evening, as my father had requested, was a gown of ivory silk overlaid in a surcoat of deep grey.’
      • ‘A man wearing a smart but casual suit of light grey sat behind one of the largest desks that Jasmine had ever seen.’
      • ‘Luxurious satin corsets in gun-metal grey, deep mauve, and black mix with slim-fitting trousers and ground-sweeping skirts.’
      • ‘There are two pairs of dancers on stage, one dressed in red, one dressed in pale grey.’
      • ‘A woman entered dressed in dark gray, the dress was similar to mine, but the shoulders were covered.’
      • ‘Ethan's train of thought was cut short by a man dressed in monochromatic gray.’
      • ‘For this show, Marc continues the dark, gloomy feel with black, navy and gray.’
      • ‘The one in charge had gray hair and was wearing gray.’
      • ‘It was a man dressed in gray and in his arms he was carrying another man dressed in the same drab gray clothes.’
      • ‘Diago wore gray beneath his white robes as well, though he hid it better.’
      • ‘They walked quickly over to a young man in charcoal grey, with hair the same color.’
    2. 1.2Gray hair.
      ‘he sighed at the amount of gray at his temple’
    3. 1.3The Confederate army in the Civil War, or a member of that army.
  • 2A gray thing or animal, in particular a gray or white horse.

    • ‘Eager equestrians were paraded round the ring by charming chestnuts and graceful greys in the popular horse classes.’
    • ‘Among the greys is a darker-coloured shark with brilliant white trailing edges to its fins - the first silvertip I have seen.’
    • ‘Because greys are much less common in racing than horses of a darker hue, they have always been popular - and few have more fans than ‘Dessie’.’
    • ‘The powerful grey will carry the colours of the Fair City Flyers, who are local to Miss Russell's Kinross base.’
    • ‘The Makah were renowned whale hunters and stratigraphic unit V yielded the remains of at least 67 animals, mainly humpbacks and greys.’
    • ‘Just as trumpeters wore distinctive uniforms, so too they rode distinctive horses, usually greys, to aid recognition.’
    • ‘The four greys are both carriage and riding horses - Heloise, Marta, Tayten, and Nerid.’
    • ‘Inside a house at Farm Road, Hyde, the collection of young adults, blacks, whites and greys had been happily breeding unchecked.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1 (especially of hair) become gray with age.

    ‘he had put on weight and grayed somewhat’
    ‘a man of about fifty with graying hair’
    • ‘Her flame-red hair, beginning to gray with age, marked her as a foreigner.’
    • ‘He was an older man, hair graying at the temples and a handlebar moustache taking up most of his face.’
    • ‘His once brown hair was slowly graying and he'd put on some weight.’
    • ‘Her straight, dark hair is graying, but her dark eyes are just as sharp and intelligent as they ever were.’
    • ‘Dapper, charming, and handsome, with a full head of sandy hair that greyed attractively over the years, Felt resembled actor Lloyd Bridges.’
    • ‘His hair was starting to grey, but he still looked as if he could give anyone a good beating.’
    • ‘When hair starts greying prematurely, it can cause a great deal of anxiety and hopelessness.’
    • ‘His black hair was slightly greying and his leathery face well worn and he seemed quite content to sit on the grass, letting the day pass him by.’
    • ‘Even his neat crop of raven hair was beginning to grey at the edges.’
    • ‘The hair might be greying, but the brow is unfurrowed.’
    • ‘Beside him sat a jovial fellow in his late forties or early fifties, with dark greying hair which was cropped short on the sides.’
    • ‘I may be two stone heavier and my hair may be greying, but I've been training for a while now, and was pretty confident I'd be up to speed.’
    • ‘He appears to be in a vigorous middle age, his black hair greying at the temples.’
    • ‘Her hair had greyed prematurely, her once youthful face lined with worry and fraught with grief.’
    • ‘His hair had been graying when she met him, but now it was completely white.’
    • ‘His dark hair was greying and his face was careworn and weary.’
    • ‘He's greying, but in a distinguished manner, at the temples and behind the ears.’
    • ‘In his late fifties, his sandy-coloured hair is greying and a thick grey beard accentuates his rounded face.’
    • ‘His hair was starting to gray around the edges, and his eyes were sunken, hidden away behind bags and wrinkles that were now forming.’
    • ‘Her blond hair, though slightly graying, still curled gorgeously past her shoulders.’
    1. 1.1(of a person or group) become older; age.
      ‘a graying workforce’
      • ‘The New York Times needs to loosen up if it hopes to be relevant not just to my graying generation but to younger people.’
      • ‘As I have grayed, however, I am much more wary of this approach.’
      • ‘Plan for it because the world is graying and Seniors are already using the Internet in droves.’
      • ‘But the graying of their workforce may present problems in the near future.’
      • ‘It is apparent that our membership has been graying for many years and that fewer and fewer young people are choosing to join us.’
      • ‘The unprecedented greying of Canadian society has many calling for a seniors’ bill of rights that would enshrine in law the specific needs of this emerging group.’
      • ‘On the one hand the current secondary school workforce is greying.’
      • ‘In short, the graying of entrepreneurs will change the way organizations large and small do business with smaller enterprises.’
      • ‘Analysis of the academic pharmacy workforce has confirmed the graying of the professoriate.’
      • ‘But the revived interest in ergonomic theories to some extent must be the result of the graying of our work force.’
      • ‘There's been a lot written recently of the greying of the Canadian population.’
      • ‘The greying of the teacher librarian obviously refers to one aspect of the issue: the fact that so many of our profession are ageing.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • gray something out

    • Display a menu option in a light font to indicate that it is not available.

      ‘all the property fields on the Shortcut tab are either missing or grayed out’
      • ‘I cannot access any of the background images in the desktop background options… they are all greyed out.’
      • ‘When it loads up you don't get a blue screen at all and all the options on the remote are greyed out so that you can't access them.’
      • ‘But better to simply not show them or grey them out so they can't even be selected.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, this option is grayed out [ghosted] and I cannot change the setting.’
      • ‘When I open the Address Book and click on the File menu, the Import and Export options are grayed out.’

Origin

Old English grǣg, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch grauw and German grau.

Pronunciation:

gray

/ɡrā/

Main definitions of gray in English

: gray1gray2

gray2

(also Gy)

noun

Physics
  • The SI unit of the absorbed dose of ionizing radiation, corresponding to one joule per kilogram.

    • ‘When a doctor prescribes a treatment he will define it in terms of dose in Grays required at a point.’
    • ‘Thus for these particular radiations the dose equivalent in sieverts is numerically equal to the absorbed dose in grays.’
    • ‘The sievert is numerically equivalent to the gray for electrons and for X-rays irradiating the whole body.’
    • ‘To calculate the dose equivalent one of the workers would receive in sieverts, you would need to multiply the dose in grays, by the quality factor.’
    • ‘Radiation doses are measured in rads or grays, where 1 gray equals 100 rads.’

Origin

1970s: named after Louis H. Gray (1905–65), English radiobiologist.

Pronunciation:

gray

/ɡrā/