Definition of gravity in English:

gravity

noun

  • 1Physics
    The force that attracts a body toward the center of the earth, or toward any other physical body having mass. For most purposes Newton's laws of gravity apply, with minor modifications to take the general theory of relativity into account.

    • ‘Objects exert a force of gravity because they have mass and the more mass they have the stronger the force of gravity they exert.’
    • ‘Life on earth has evolved in the accelerative force of gravity, which attracts all material towards the centre of the earth and gives a mass of material the characteristic which we term weight.’
    • ‘Physics has found only four forces in nature: gravity, electromagnetism, weak nuclear, and strong nuclear.’
    • ‘The ball will fall to the floor due to the force of gravity pulling it down.’
    • ‘Certainly, every type of matter we have ever encountered feels the attractive force of gravity.’
    attraction, attracting force, downward force, pull, weight, heaviness
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    1. 1.1 The degree of intensity of gravity, measured by acceleration.
      • ‘It is not restricted to inertial frames, and it encompasses a broader range of phenomena, namely gravity and accelerated motions.’
      • ‘Specific gravity was measured by a harmonic oscillation method on the automated workstation.’
      • ‘The speed of gravity has been measured for the first time, revealing that it does indeed travel at the speed of light.’
      • ‘Our estimates of the total mass of the Earth, M, and therefore its mean density, rely on the measurement of gravity.’
      • ‘Although these hidden dimensions remain too small to be measured, gravity can travel in between them.’
  • 2Extreme or alarming importance; seriousness.

    ‘crimes of the utmost gravity’
    • ‘Just then, I realized the gravity of my situation.’
    • ‘Few seem to realize the gravity of the situation.’
    • ‘They see a child but cannot perceive meaning or gravity or importance in him.’
    • ‘The gravity of the situation was revealed in the monthly report on employment for February compiled by the National Statistical Office.’
    • ‘They said that espionage is almost inevitably bound to be a crime of the utmost gravity.’
    • ‘The offence of rape was clearly of the utmost gravity.’
    • ‘First, and overwhelmingly, the charges are of the utmost gravity.’
    • ‘If I am right about that, then this is a matter of the utmost gravity for the people and economy of New Zealand.’
    • ‘An interest in bad news demands a certain high level of national seriousness and gravity and, possibly, hopelessness.’
    • ‘So that is unusual, too, and it shows the gravity and the importance of it.’
    • ‘And I think you've got to take a look at what he concealed to realize the gravity of the situation.’
    • ‘Naturally this only occurs in situations of extreme gravity or urgency threatening irreparable damage to persons.’
    • ‘It quickly became apparent that those involved believed the matter was of the utmost gravity, however.’
    • ‘Even before you realize the full gravity of the situation, traffic comes to a standstill and shops start pulling down shutters.’
    • ‘The children discussed the matter thoroughly, for hours, with a seriousness and gravity far beyond what one would expect of nine and ten year-olds.’
    • ‘Sometimes people only realize themselves when the moment of gravity is upon them.’
    • ‘In order that I not be misunderstood, I think that the alleged offences are serious but their gravity can only be determined after a full trial.’
    • ‘All this information was delivered with such gravity, that I seriously began to doubt its authenticity.’
    • ‘This is a moment of utmost gravity for the world.’
    • ‘They realized the full gravity of the situation when they scanned, what moments before, had been a room full of Sailors eating lunch.’
    seriousness, importance, profundity, significance, momentousness, moment, weightiness, weight, consequence, magnitude
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  • 3Seriousness or solemnity of manner.

    ‘has the poet ever spoken with greater eloquence or gravity?’
    • ‘This was a rather new experience for them, as elves are regarded as serious creatures, who contemplate things with an utmost gravity and never laugh out loud.’
    • ‘The word Glasgow means Dear Green Place, but the grey Scottish sky adds gravity and seriousness to already formidable architecture.’
    • ‘An air of gravity and solemnity pervaded the president's remarks as a stunned nation listened by radio.’
    • ‘They did not treat the occasion with the gravity and dignity it deserved.’
    • ‘It bestows on cricket though a gravity that goes way beyond just two teams of 11 fit young people playing a game against each other, doesn't it?’
    • ‘His service in the Senate, while not describable as stellar, has featured some important moments of gravity and responsibility.’
    • ‘Rivka, Regine and Vera are older, mature characters who bring to the film both the weight of experience and the gravity of thoughtfulness.’
    • ‘Her tone betrayed the gravity of her thoughts, and he gave her a peculiar look.’
    • ‘That said, it was well researched and balanced with just enough savage irony to break the gravity with levity.’
    • ‘He exuded dignity and gravity and he was courteous to counsel and witnesses alike.’
    • ‘Velazquez painted a face of preoccupied gravity, of someone with great concerns.’
    • ‘His drawings are very much like the way he spoke, with gravity, irony, and with unexpected turns of humor.’
    • ‘He played this part with gravity and dignity, and in an understated style which set off the flamboyant persona of Henry VIII.’
    • ‘A woman in a grey dress and white apron, holding a little girl by the hand, approached, and spoke with gravity and great sweetness.’
    • ‘‘But we're very influential and important people,’ I say, with great mock gravity.’
    solemnity, seriousness, sombreness, sobriety, soberness, severity
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Origin

Late 15th century (in gravity (sense 2)): from Old French, or from Latin gravitas ‘weight, seriousness’, from gravis ‘heavy’. gravity (sense 1) dates from the 17th century.

Pronunciation

gravity

/ˈɡravədē//ˈɡrævədi/