Main definitions of grate in US English:

: grate1grate2

grate1

verb

  • 1with object Reduce (something, especially food) to small shreds by rubbing it on a grater.

    ‘grated cheese’
    ‘peel and roughly grate the carrots’
    • ‘Three generous slices of ham, grated cheese, tomato, cucumber and lettuce left me well satisfied.’
    • ‘Traditional additions to such a risotto would include finely grated lemon rind, and freshly picked peas with lots of black pepper.’
    • ‘The sauce includes ground beef, tomato paste, garlic powder, eggs, grated cheese, and a dash of curry powder.’
    • ‘The tomatoes were freshly cut, the cheese was freshly grated and the dried oregano and olive oil beautifully brought out the different flavours.’
    • ‘Slice the onions into half-moons, grate the ginger, grate the garlic, slice the leek into thin rounds.’
    • ‘You can also grate the crumbs by hand using a cheese grater.’
    • ‘I spent the evening cooking the meat, heating the refried beans, grating cheese, shredding lettuce, chopping vegetables and frying the tortillas.’
    • ‘Remove from heat and stir in 3 tablespoons lemon juice, 2 teaspoons grated lemon rind and 1 tablespoon butter or margarine.’
    • ‘When required to make plum pudding, the chefs would draw out measured quantities of the mixture and add fresh apple and grated carrot, besides spices such as cinnamon, cardamom and nutmeg.’
    • ‘These are sponge-cake cubes coated with chocolate and grated coconut.’
    • ‘For an extra treat, you can add some grated cheese or chopped tomatoes to the stuffing.’
    • ‘Clean, peel and grate potatoes and red apple, place into a large bowl of cold water and allow starch to exit the potatoes.’
    • ‘Place all dried fruits, grated apple, mixed peel, cherries, rinds and juices into a large mixing bowl and pour over the brandy/rum and essences.’
    • ‘Try adding chopped herbs, grated lemon and orange rind, pesto, saffron, paprika, different mustards, spices, olive paste - anything as long as it tastes good.’
    • ‘You can even make gougères, or cheese puffs, by omitting the sugar and adding grated cheese to the dough.’
    • ‘However, I always have a dish of finely grated hard cheese to sprinkle over.’
    • ‘Depending on age and skill level, many children can grate cheese, shred lettuce, mix batter, and more.’
    • ‘A popular dessert is grated banana cooked in sweetened coconut milk.’
    • ‘Finely grate the orange and lemon zest into the cheese and sugar then beat until mixed.’
    • ‘I used half a head of savoy, finely shredded, and one finely grated carrot.’
    shred, rub into pieces, pulverize, mince, grind, granulate, crush, crumble, mash, smash, fragment, macerate
    View synonyms
  • 2no object Make an unpleasant rasping sound.

    ‘the hinges of the door grated’
    • ‘The sound of police boots grating on the stone floor adds an ominous tone to the prison scenes.’
    • ‘I was awakened suddenly this morning by the terrible sound of metal grating upon metal.’
    • ‘Mid-sentence, her voice morphed into something ugly and grating, something rough and cold and frightening.’
    • ‘As the sound grated through my fluffy pillows, I sighed heavily, and debated whether I should bother getting up for school.’
    • ‘But it sounds almost like it's grating sometimes.’
    • ‘The man laughed, his voice full of the sound of shards of glass grating together.’
    • ‘The next morning, I woke as the door closed and the key grated once more.’
    • ‘Jake chuckled, it sounded like nails grating on a chalk board as he hopped up onto the stained mattress above Asia's head.’
    • ‘A moment later, a slot in the door grates open and through it I see two dark eyes, staring into me.’
    • ‘A key grated in the lock, and the door swung open.’
    • ‘Orchestras were no longer needed, along with screen actors who had voices that grated or squeaked.’
    • ‘His thoughts were confirmed when he heard the sound of rusted metal grating.’
    • ‘Loud, grating, obnoxious sound effects spew from your speakers at seemingly random times.’
    • ‘Lilly snickered, her breath rasping and grating as she tried to move her head closer to her mistress.’
    • ‘There's that sickeningly familiar tone again - the rasping, grating, in isolation entirely inoffensive, six-string bravado.’
    • ‘The sound of stone grating on stone echoed in her ears as two more openings appeared on the wall she was running toward, and sand started pouring out of them.’
    rasp, scrape, jar, scratch, grind, rub, drag, grit
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1grate against Rub against something with a rasping sound.
      ‘his helmet grated against the top of the door’
      • ‘Sparks leapt from the stone as the blade grated against its surface, because Brutus had rolled over quickly and pushed himself gracefully to his feet.’
      • ‘His face was contorted in rage, his teeth were grating against each other and his canines had grown at least a centimeter longer.’
      • ‘Yare twisted the key in the lock, wincing slightly as the sound grated against her eardrums.’
      • ‘Everything went silent except for the sound of rock grating against rock.’
      • ‘About 10m from the jump off rock I felt the unmistakable and cringeworthy sound of my fins grating against reef… and prayed that I hadn't done any damage.’
      • ‘The Kipha laughed, a throaty sound that was like steel grating against steel.’
      • ‘The wall was hard against their backs, grating against their spines enough to make one wonder if some permanent back injury would emerge from the ordeal.’
      • ‘She also had a rip in the back of the leg from where the fabric had been worn down by grating against gravel for too long.’
      • ‘There was a sound of metal grating against metal as Aelex and Torix drew their swords.’
      • ‘The sharp sound of the blade grating against the sheath made Tia's entire body tremor in sheer horror.’
      • ‘My questions were soon answered, though, because the sound of wood grating against itself met my ears.’
      • ‘She laughed, a high-pitched, frantic sound that grated against my ears.’
      • ‘The slim swords grated against each other, until Kahrun pulled away, swinging his sword wide and turning a flip to land in a crouch, rolling aside as Talu tried to drive his blade into his heart, instead burying it into the wood.’
      • ‘There was a loud scratching sound in between the rows of pillars at the tower gate, it sounded like wood being grated against wood.’
      • ‘His voice was scratchy, grating against her ears.’
      • ‘‘You're going to be late,’ mom begins, the very sound of her voice grating against my ears like nails down a chalkboard.’
      • ‘He doesn't have an attractive voice by any stretch of the imagination; he whines, wails, and grates against the ear.’
      • ‘The feeling of the small wrist bones grating against each other was beginning to make her nauseated.’
      • ‘‘Yeah, my stomach feels like its grating against a washboard,’ I replied.’
      • ‘The ear piercing sound of metal grating against each other was heard, and Angel could now see the attacking form.’
    2. 2.2 Have an irritating effect.
      ‘he had a juvenile streak that grated on her nerves’
      • ‘Maybe that was nice British talk, but those words grated on Paul.’
      • ‘If that strikes you as off-putting, I can't blame you: parts of the film certainly grated on me a little.’
      • ‘However annoying it was and however much it grated on her nerves, something in the back of her mind told her to leave it as it was.’
      • ‘It grated on him when his advice was not heeded, more so because it often turned out that he had been more right than wrong.’
      • ‘While the film moved me, it grated on some critics.’
      • ‘But a few days later, it grated on me, so I called them up.’
      • ‘All that has happened is that changes in pronunciation have grated on the ears of some people.’
      • ‘That grin grated on my nerves, infuriating me further.’
      • ‘The girl's gentle laughing grated on Allie for some strange reason while her eyes followed the woman's movements.’
      • ‘Her voice is kind of strange actually, a nice sound but some notes grate on the nerves as she sings on about nothing but love and loss.’
      • ‘As ever, his arrogance and ignorance grated on everyone who cannot abide him, and left those who adore him in raptures.’
      • ‘She had wit, and not the kind of wit that grated on the nerves.’
      • ‘The laughter grated on his ears as it echoed off the walls.’
      • ‘His sarcasm grated on her nerves like sandpaper.’
      • ‘The incessant barking of the bloodhounds grated on Bryony's nerves, and Drake's movements jarred her concentration.’
      • ‘Her only reply was that earthy laugh which grated on him so much.’
      • ‘He laughed, again that dry little laugh which grated on my nerves.’
      • ‘He wasn't slimy or anything, just had an attitude that grated on my nerves.’
      • ‘His voice grates on me and I cringe the whole time. He's a hateful sexist man.’
      • ‘The harsh, bitter sound in his voice grates on the ears worse than the nails on the chalkboard deal.’
      irritate, set someone's teeth on edge, jar
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French grater, of Germanic origin; related to German kratzen ‘to scratch’.

Pronunciation

grate

/ɡrāt//ɡreɪt/

Main definitions of grate in US English:

: grate1grate2

grate2

noun

  • 1The recess of a fireplace or furnace.

    • ‘A fire burned merrily in the little grate, below a shelf of yellowing pictures, portraits, landscapes.’
    • ‘I look up from the fire grate where the last papers brown and curl.’
    • ‘We were met by Bob's wife and welcomed as though we had got there on time. There was a lovely coal fire burning in the grate, which had been kept ‘banked up’ all day pending our arrival.’
    • ‘When everyone seemed to be looking the other way, Mr Wright slipped into another room and took off his outfit, and then he quietly returned to the fireside where only a very small fire burned in the grate and sat down.’
    • ‘For instance, in a period decor Victorian grates are popular while for modern tastes there is a vast range of controllable fires in a variety of styles and finishes.’
    • ‘They stripped out the fireplaces in the drawing-room and second bedroom, and replaced the former with an art deco-style grate framed by mosaic tiling and a granite hearth.’
    • ‘A bright, hot Monday morning and a warm fire burns in the grate of Guides Farm.’
    • ‘To have a log fire in the house may be beautiful if it is burning safely in the grate, but if it is burning merrily on the lounge floor the house could be burned down.’
    • ‘Some people may opt for electric or gas heaters, instant warmth, but nothing beats the smell and atmosphere of logs burning in the grate, on the barbeque or on a camp fire somewhere.’
    • ‘A fire was burning in the grate, sending the chill from the air.’
    • ‘The only light came from, of all things, a fire burning merrily in the grate.’
    • ‘A small fire burning in the grate made one feel welcome.’
    • ‘There was a fire burning in the grate, a miraculous thing.’
    • ‘They were back home in the drawing room in Bloomsbury, with the countryside burning in the grate and the curtains drawn.’
    • ‘The floor was of stone, covered by the largest Turkish rug she had ever seen and, to the rear of the hall, a log fire crackled and burned in its enormous grate.’
    1. 1.1 A metal frame confining fuel in a fireplace or furnace.
      • ‘She pointed out, glancing over at its flames, burning on the grate.’
      • ‘Some had fireplaces with grates, others stoves and some a combination stove and oven.’
      • ‘Anthony then sees the grate of the fireplace wide open, and fire burning strongly.’
      • ‘This features a cast iron fireplace with a Georgian grate and a generous built-in book case.’
      • ‘The room has an antique marble fireplace with green tiled hearth and inset and a Victorian grate.’
  • 2A grating.

    • ‘The first thing you'll see are the cooking grates.’
    • ‘He progressed gingerly towards the gauze grate in the grimy iron girdered floor and was careful not to get too close as he peered into the gloom below.’
    • ‘Half-way through rolling it, something peculiar revealed itself: a metal grate in the floor.’
    • ‘There was a steel grate in the ceiling about three feet by three feet.’
    • ‘Place them on the cooking grate, directly over the coals (which should be white hot).’
    • ‘Looking ahead of him, he saw a ventilation grate fall from the ceiling.’
    • ‘Jonathan, however, was busying himself with a grate in the floor.’
    • ‘He tossed the heavy iron grate aside and pointed into the gaping hole of darkness.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, he could also see it was blocked off by an impassable steel grate.’
    • ‘Who can forget that famous scene of her standing over a subway grate?’
    • ‘She opened a grate at the top of the ladder and disappeared again.’
    • ‘Back then, they still had the old grate in the floor.’
    • ‘Always place food on the cooking grate with tongs or a spatula.’
    • ‘Remove this grate and you will find a ladder descending approximately 100 feet into all-consuming darkness.’
    • ‘He removed the ventilation grate aside, allowing himself to slide back onto solid ground again.’
    • ‘Food is prepared on a metal grate placed over a container of charcoal.’
    • ‘The windows to the building are covered with mesh grates, the doors locked.’
    • ‘Steel grates are significantly stronger than the concrete being used and safer for the general public.’
    • ‘The lock came off in his hands, and he pushed open the grate.’
    • ‘The cells themselves, sealed by metal grates, were humid and filthy.’

Origin

Middle English (meaning ‘a grating’): from Old French, based on Latin cratis ‘hurdle’.

Pronunciation

grate

/ɡreɪt//ɡrāt/