Definition of gout in English:

gout

noun

  • 1A disease in which defective metabolism of uric acid causes arthritis, especially in the smaller bones of the feet, deposition of chalkstones, and episodes of acute pain.

    • ‘Many readers have reported that sour cherries can ease the pain associated with gout and even arthritis.’
    • ‘The goal is to prevent recurrent attack of acute gout.’
    • ‘An acute attack of gout may take up to seven days to settle.’
    • ‘In rare cases, higher dosages may cause hepatitis, gout, or hyperglycemia.’
    • ‘Metabolic disorders such as gout increase the level of waste products in the urine and have a similar affect in causing bladder stones to grow.’
    • ‘It may clog the kidney and prevent the excretion of waste such as uric acid, causing gout.’
    • ‘The physician also should ask if the patient has a history of gout, pseudogout, rheumatoid arthritis, or other degenerative joint disease.’
    • ‘Several recent studies have suggested that dairy consumption may help control weight and blood pressure and reduce the risks of health problems such as coronary artery disease and gout.’
    • ‘Doctors have found that excessive weight also increases the risks for diabetes, gout, coronary heart disease, asthma, gallbladder disease, infertility and some types of cancers.’
    • ‘Patients with acute coronary syndromes or undergoing coronary stenting often have multiple risk factors for acute gout or pseuodogout.’
    • ‘Recent studies have revealed that cherries offer an assortment of health benefits including the ability to offer natural relief from joint pain caused from gout, arthritis and joint inflammation.’
    • ‘Their common affliction was gout, an arthritic condition that causes spells of intense pain, most often in the big toe.’
    • ‘The juice of the nettle is good, she says, for a variety of ailments - arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, allergic rashes and prickly heat.’
    • ‘He has a history of arthritis, gout, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.’
    • ‘He is said to have extracted medicine from plants and treated diseases such as appendicitis, gout and arthritis.’
    • ‘There are health benefits to sour cherries, which include relieving many types of pain such as arthritis, gout, and even headaches.’
    flavour, taste, savour
    View synonyms
  • 2literary A drop or spot, especially of blood, smoke, or flame.

    ‘gouts of flame and phlegm’
    • ‘All were watching, with eager anticipation, the replica of George Stephenson's Rocket, which crouched on the rails behind the museum emitting gouts of steam.’
    • ‘These additional branches then give off really satisfying gouts of white smoke as the greenery boils and burns.’
    • ‘The creature roared in agony, thrashing about and spewing gouts of blood, until it lay quivering in a pool of its own gore.’
    • ‘Initially mistaken for dry ice by revellers, the gouts of smoke were ignored until the roaring fireball was actually consuming the building, liquefying its flammable décor into a rainstorm of molten lava.’
    • ‘Dark blood bubbled up from the wound in thick gouts and he quickly fumbled an adhesive pad out of a leg pocket and clamped it over the wound.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French goute, from medieval Latin gutta, literally ‘drop’ (because gout was believed to be caused by the dropping of diseased matter from the blood into the joints).

Pronunciation

gout

/ɡaʊt//ɡout/