Definition of glucagon in English:

glucagon

noun

Biochemistry
  • A hormone formed in the pancreas that promotes the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver.

    • ‘There was no tumoral expression for serotonin, glucagon, insulin, gastrin, vasointestinal peptide, or pancreatic polypeptide.’
    • ‘One of these molecules, glucose, is mainly controlled by the hormones insulin and glucagon that are released from the pancreas.’
    • ‘The classic interactions between receptors, G-protein transducer, and membrane-localized adenylate cyclase are illustrated below using the pancreatic hormone glucagon as an example.’
    • ‘Glycemic control is maintained by a balance between insulin and the counterregulatory hormones glucagon, epinephrine, cortisol, and growth hormone.’
    • ‘Overnight fasting can promote a rise in the muscle-disassembling hormones glucagon and cortisol.’

Origin

1920s: from Greek glukus sweet + agōn leading, bringing.

Pronunciation:

glucagon

/ˈɡlo͞okəˌɡän/