Definition of glomerulus in English:



Anatomy Biology
  • 1A cluster of nerve endings, spores, or small blood vessels, in particular.

    1. 1.1A cluster of capillaries around the end of a kidney tubule, where waste products are filtered from the blood.
      • ‘Glucose normally is filtered by the glomerulus, but it is almost completely reabsorbed in the proximal tubule.’
      • ‘Pressure of blood in the glomerulus causes fluid to filter into Bowman's capsule.’
      • ‘IgA Nepropathy progressively ruins the kidneys' filtering units, called glomeruli.’
      • ‘In cases of severe intravascular hemolysis, the binding capacity of haptoglobin is exceeded rapidly, and free hemoglobin is filtered by the glomeruli.’
      • ‘Your kidneys filter waste and sodium using tiny filters called glomeruli.’
      • ‘The glomerulus filters the blood and the waste products are removed.’


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer- ball of thread.