One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A condition of increased pressure within the eyeball, causing gradual loss of sight.
- ‘In both uveitis and acute glaucoma, patients complain of deep, aching pain with loss of vision.’
- ‘He also has arthritis and is in the early stages of glaucoma, another disease leading to gradual loss of sight.’
- ‘One way round the ethical obstacle was to look at patients with normal pressure glaucoma because many of these were not treated anyway.’
- ‘If the rise in pressure is slow, pain is not a feature of glaucoma until the pressure is extremely high.’
- ‘There has been a lot of debate about whether high blood pressure increases the risk of glaucoma.’
Mid 17th century: via Latin from Greek glaukōma, based on glaukos ‘bluish-green, bluish-gray’ (because of the gray-green haze in the pupil).
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