Main definitions of gland in English

: gland1gland2

gland1

noun

  • 1An organ in the human or animal body that secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings.

    • ‘The parotid salivary glands, which produce saliva for the mouth, are found toward the back of each cheek, in the area between the ear and jaw.’
    • ‘It releases stimulating hormones that signal the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, ovaries and testes, directing them to produce their respective hormones.’
    • ‘You have three pairs of salivary glands that secrete saliva.’
    • ‘The other type of sweat-producing gland, the apocrine glands, develop at puberty and are concentrated in the armpits and pubic region.’
    • ‘It was first isolated from the endocrine gland in the body which has primary responsibility for holding calcium levels in your blood within a very tight range.’
    • ‘A CT scan, however, reveals these bones and organs as well as your pancreas, adrenal glands, ureters and blood vessels - all with a higher degree of precision.’
    • ‘Other common head and neck cancers occur in soft tissues of the neck, which are primarily glandular such as thyroid gland and salivary gland.’
    • ‘Within the neck, there are neck muscles, arteries, veins, lymph glands, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, oesophagus, larynx and trachea.’
    • ‘In the unstimulated state, 70 percent of saliva is secreted by the submandibular and sublingual glands.’
    • ‘The mammary glands are specialized cutaneous glands that develop rapidly but incompletely at puberty.’
    • ‘One, a 20 year old female, had deposits in the brain, liver, lung, bone marrow, adrenal glands, and ovaries.’
    • ‘However, involvement of the heart, pancreas, spleen, adrenal glands, and other organs is well described.’
    • ‘Other sites include minor salivary glands and submandibular gland.’
    • ‘There are 4-5 million exocrine glands in the body and approximately one-third of them are in the palms.’
    • ‘In spite of the similarity in name and location, the parathyroid glands and thyroid gland are separate glands with very different functions.’
    • ‘These include the genital glands (ovary and testis), broad ligament of the uterus, and spermatic cord.’
    • ‘We know that the way our cells divide and our glands secrete will become faulty and irregular.’
    • ‘Cells were not counted if they were in blood vessels, mucous glands, or mucous gland ducts.’
    • ‘The glands secrete parathyroid hormone, which is the primary regulator of calcium homeostasis.’
    • ‘Hypoplasia of other organs, such as the adrenal glands, kidney, pituitary gland, and thymus, may also be attributed to tetraploidy.’
    1. 1.1A structure resembling this, especially a lymph node.
      • ‘Forty five euros to have a doctor feel my throat, and tell me that my glands are swollen, then another twenty five euros to pay for the medication.’
      • ‘Other symptoms could include swollen glands, red eyes, sore throat, diarrhea, and a rash that looks like blisters or bruises.’
      • ‘This is to increase blood flow causing the gland to swell.’
      • ‘This virus causes swollen glands in the face and neck, and can also cause deafness, and swelling of testicles in boys, and ovaries in girls.’
      • ‘Other symptoms might include swollen glands, fever, recurring sore throat, memory impairment and/or sleep problems.’
      • ‘Often the sore throat feels sharp or splinterlike, and the glands are swollen.’
      • ‘‘My father had experienced flu-like symptoms and swollen glands for a while before diagnosis,’ Rob recalled.’
      • ‘He had swollen glands and a stomach bug on raceday.’
      • ‘In meth users - partly because of the dehydration common because they do not drink enough fluids - salivary glands quit and swell shut.’
      • ‘There is no treatment other than remedies to ease the symptoms, which include headache and fever followed by swollen glands.’
      • ‘It is, off course, especially indicated for goitre and swollen glands of the neck.’
      • ‘The cold sore would never heal and then it infected my gland and it became swollen.’
      • ‘She had swollen glands, trouble thinking clearly, and dragged through her day.’
      • ‘Her gland started swelling and it closed the vein to the brain.’
      • ‘Mumps is caused by a virus and symptoms include swollen glands, pain when chewing and fever.’
      • ‘I'd taken my top off and when he was giving me a full physical he said I had swollen glands.’
    2. 1.2Botany
      A secreting cell or group of cells on or within a plant structure.
      • ‘Similar to the control group, the large bronchi were lined with simple cuboidal cells and contained discrete glands within the underlying wall.’
      • ‘The report states that nectar glands occur only within the genus Eriocaulon.’
      • ‘Some (but by no means all) halophytes utilize salt-secreting glands to remove excess ions from their leaves, reducing the need for very tight balancing of ion accumulation and growth.’
      • ‘The family is characterized by various kinds of sclereids, hypophyllous glands and specific nectary bracts.’
      • ‘The latter often produce copious secretions to the plant surface, outside the cuticle, or stored within glands.’
      • ‘The glands of the cyathium usually produce nectar, and pollination is mainly zoophilous.’

Origin

Late 17th century: from French glande, alteration of Old French glandre, from Latin glandulae throat glands.

Pronunciation:

gland

/ɡland/

Main definitions of gland in English

: gland1gland2

gland2

noun

  • A sleeve used to produce a seal around a piston rod or other shaft.

    • ‘Engine access, for such routine maintenance as changing the oil filter or adjusting the packing gland on the shaft, is poor.’
    • ‘The major disadvantage is that the packing gland is beneath the engine and transmission, making service and alignment more difficult.’

Origin

Early 19th century: probably a variant of Scots glam a vice or clamp; related to clamp.

Pronunciation:

gland

/ɡland/