Definition of given in English:


  • past participle of give


  • 1Specified or stated.

    ‘our level of knowledge on any given subject’
    • ‘In any given year, there are bound to be at least a few major disasters or tragedies or deaths of major figures.’
    • ‘So the natural next question for the marketer is: how do we find this key for any given business.’
    • ‘That means on any given day two episodes are broadcast and the ‘repeated’ one is first.’
    • ‘On almost any given day of the year, there is an event that focuses on shoes.’
    • ‘In any given situation some of these imperatives will be more vital than others.’
    • ‘A player must obtain the specified number of runs and sets for any given round and play them on their field.’
    • ‘If you're the type of person to dance on the table at the office party then you're probably the type of person to do it at any given time of year.’
    • ‘Thoughts are important because they delimit the child's capability in a given situation.’
    • ‘However, they were only able to do this because they had a great degree of freedom about what was actually paid out in any given year.’
    • ‘Bear in mind that, at any given price, this choice involves a trade-off with playback performance.’
    • ‘How could you know that he won't just attack you at any given moment?’
    • ‘One of the roles of philosophy has been to examine critically the intellectual tools of any given era.’
    • ‘In general they indicate the amount of active qi available at a given moment.’
    • ‘You'll know this if you talk music with them for any given length of time, or watch the way they practise.’
    • ‘But this is not all: he feels that there is a little too much going on at any given moment.’
    • ‘The amount of tax we pay on any given income depends on two things - tax rates and tax thresholds.’
    • ‘His observations of the defenders dictates which play to use in a given situation.’
    • ‘The site and range of control of pressure patterns decide the weather for any given area.’
    • ‘There is currently an undisclosed number of such teachers brought in to cover for absent colleagues on any given day.’
    • ‘Change of whatever nature and magnitude is very crucial to any given society.’
    specified, stated, designated, set, particular, specific, named, identified, delineated, prescribed
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  • 2[predicative] Inclined or disposed to.

    ‘she was not often given to anger’
    prone, liable, inclined, disposed, predisposed, apt, likely
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  • 3Law
    archaic (of a document) signed and dated.

    ‘given under my hand this eleventh day of April’


  • Taking into account.

    ‘given the complexity of the task, they were able to do a good job’
    • ‘A sale was thought to be almost impossible given the current slump in the international telecoms sector.’
    • ‘He said that he was willing to live in harmony with the community if given the chance.’
    • ‘The time for a new partnership in the art of governance has become even more important given the stakes.’
    • ‘However, given my disposition on the other issues, this is of little importance here.’
    • ‘The latter seems unlikely given the present lack of economic activity in the area.’
    • ‘His achievement is all the more impressive given that Fitzgerald has endured his fair share of injuries.’
    • ‘I pointed out that this might prove to be rather ironic given the current circumstances’
    • ‘The joint stance by the four countries is seen as significant given their earlier split on the war.’
    • ‘That is very poor given that serving food is partly how they make their living.’
    • ‘Soon marriage may be non-existent given the freedom we have to live in sin with our partners.’
    • ‘Physically shutting down the site would be very difficult given that it is hosted overseas.’
    • ‘A referendum, he argues, is simply too dangerous given the state of public opinion.’
    • ‘His entry into the millennium club is all the more impressive given that he has had more than his fair share of injuries.’
    • ‘Of course, I want to think otherwise, that given the right challenge and the right luck I would be a hero.’
    • ‘The most avid watcher quickly becomes jaded given the quantity of information to absorb.’
    • ‘It's especially unfair given that she looks so good in those few scenes she's in.’
    • ‘It was also prudent given the danger of any cut being interpreted as a sign of panic.’
    • ‘The authorities appear to have succeeded in this given the enthusiastic response.’
    • ‘This figure is more impressive given I spent most of last week on holiday.’
    • ‘Why is that figure not made publicly available given this is a public trust?’
    considering, taking into consideration, taking into account, in view of, bearing in mind, giving consideration to, keeping in mind, in the light of
    making allowances for
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  • A known or established fact or situation.

    ‘at a couture house, attentive service is a given’
    • ‘Just as shattering violence affects people, it affects whole peoples, busting up the basic assumptions and givens in a society that usually prevent thoroughgoing change.’
    • ‘For investment purposes, what finds favour is the fact that a number of givens are known at the outset.’
    • ‘After all, within Lenin's Marxist framework, it was a given that mankind exploits nature.’
    • ‘At the end of the day, it is a given that the sources of happiness will always be fewer than the ones for sadness.’
    • ‘I thought it was a given that the government was corrupt and lying to you, and everyone was a leftist.’
    • ‘So when it came to choosing her object of desire, it was a given that it would be craft-related.’
    • ‘It is a given that dearer oil causes economies to contract - leading to a fall in prices as a result.’
    • ‘The right to privacy is one of a democracy's givens and the media expose police and bureaucrats who invade it.’
    • ‘They are not givens and there are large bodies of literature that are being overlooked.’
    • ‘It's a given that every musician hungers to try the solo album at one time or another.’
    • ‘Thereby, things present themselves not as indifferent givens, facts, but as meaningful: salient, expedient, obstructive, and so on.’
    • ‘Modern academics argue there are no givens, all is a social construct, but we suspect they are wrong.’
    • ‘They are thought to have established the basic givens of human existence - life and death, sexual difference and reproduction, and the cycles of corporeal and spiritual regeneration.’
    • ‘The givens of history are not obstacles, but means.’
    • ‘Keeping up appearances at all costs and considering marriage as a social necessity - such are the givens in the our national psyche.’
    • ‘One aspect of the deconstructive turn is the realization that things that we take for granted as givens are in fact inventions.’
    • ‘I understand imagination, no doubt a complex epistemological process, to be the capacity to entertain images of meaning and reality that are beyond the givens of observable experience.’
    • ‘I'm not sure why people take it as a given that reality shows won't work in syndication and reruns.’
    • ‘The ability to articulate and argue and the right to do so are not givens, but areas of considerable complexity and dissent.’
    • ‘A lot of what I was saying seven, eight years ago, among the few who were saying it, are now almost givens in the discussion, so I feel good about that.’
    established fact, reality, certainty
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