One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A hinge-like joint such as the elbow or knee, that allows movement in only one plane.
- ‘Some people have very strong ginglymi.’
- ‘Functionally, the temporomandibular joint is a ginglymus, where motion occurs in a rough hinge axis along a repeatable plane supported by strong lateral ligaments.’
- ‘The most perfect forms of ginglymi are the elbow and ankle.’
- ‘The knee-joint was formerly described as a ginglymus or hinge-joint, but is really of a much more complicated character.’
- ‘At the junction on each side of trochantin and post-clypeus is a concave process for articulation with the ginglymus of the mandible.’
Late 16th century: modern Latin, from Greek ginglumos ‘hinge’.
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