Main definitions of germinal in US English:

: germinal1Germinal2



  • 1attributive Relating to or of the nature of a germ cell or embryo.

    • ‘Teratoma typically contains tissues derived from all 3 germinal layers, whereas dermoid cyst presumably originates from ectoderm and mesoderm.’
    • ‘Microscopy revealed acellular laminated membranes with a germinal layer within the medullary cavity of the tibia and fibula.’
    • ‘The primitive germinal cells are the spermatogonia, which lie peripherally in the tubule wall, outside the barrier of Sertoli cell junctions.’
    • ‘Our investigation reveals that there is constant origin of ovarian follicles from the germinal epithelium among taxa.’
    • ‘The cells in the germinal zone have receptors for growth hormone, and growth hormone is probably directly responsible for stimulating these stem cells to proliferate.’
    • ‘In DNA blot analysis, no somatic or germinal transposition events could be detected from lines that carried Ac3.’
    • ‘It has been reported that the use of THH leads to reversible inhibition of germinal cell development in both humans and rats.’
    • ‘DNA from 11 independent germinal revertants was cloned and sequenced.’
    • ‘Transgenic selection assays provide a unique opportunity to study the mechanisms of mutagenicity in different somatic and germinal tissues in vivo.’
    • ‘The same motifs are found in samples from both transgenic and wild-type germinal center B cells.’
    • ‘The cell synthesized by somatic cell nuclear transfer, no less than the fertilized egg, is a human organism in its germinal stage.’
    • ‘The role of the Sertoli cells is to nourish the developing and maturing germinal cells which are eventually released into the lumen of the tubule as spermatozoa.’
    • ‘At this time, expression within the eyes and tectum becomes restricted to cells within the proliferative germinal zones.’
    • ‘In germinal lineages, replicative insertions are frequent, occurring in premeiotic, meiotic, and postmeiotic cells, while excision events are rare.’
    • ‘They may represent calcified daughter hydatid cysts separated by fibrous tissue or, more likely, a redundant, folded, inner germinal wall of a cyst.’
    • ‘An emerging constant among vertebrates is the presence of a germinal epithelium composed of somatic and germ cells in both males and females.’
    • ‘These are identified by the alternation of the germinal epithelium between continuous and discontinuous types and the stages of germ cells present.’
    • ‘That these are not T lymphocytes was confirmed by CD3 immunostaining, which showed only occasional T cells in the germinal centers.’
    • ‘It isn't sensible to make predictions based on evolution when cloning and germinal choice technology are a decade away.’
    • ‘Radiation inhibits mitotic activity in the germinal cells of the epidermis, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands.’
    rudimentary, undeveloped, unformed, immature, incomplete, incipient, inchoate, just beginning
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    1. 1.1 In the earliest stage of development.
      • ‘While germinal creativity produces unique ideas, the child may not yet have the ability to execute them well or communicate them clearly to others.’
      • ‘The germinal idea here was that the dead walk the earth.’
      • ‘She's currently putting together a collection of fiction that includes these pieces, and a second novel is in the germinal stage.’
      • ‘Regulation can determine where germinal technologies develop and how publicly they are used, but resistance is futile, since it is impossible to stop the technology everywhere.’
      • ‘With Solomon, thoughtfulness prevailed, reducing both concertos to the germinal idea.’
      • ‘Joining a germinal but growing movement, the soldiers represent that war-weariness and a desired return to sanity in the country.’
      • ‘The film represents something of a milestone - many of the elements of all the crime and action films of the future are here already, in germinal form.’
      developing, impending, growing, emerging, emergent, dawning
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    2. 1.2 Providing material for future development.
      ‘the subject was revived in a germinal article by Charles Ferguson’
      • ‘Indeed, it is significant that in this book, Smith's interpretation of Marx is in part derived from Bertell Oilman's germinal book Alienation.’
      • ‘In Berlin's germinal article, he uses the term epistemology, and scholars in composition studies have followed suit.’
      • ‘Franck often starts with a germinal motif from which the rest of the material develops.’


Early 19th century: from Latin germen, germin- ‘sprout, seed’ + -al.




Main definitions of germinal in US English:

: germinal1Germinal2



  • The seventh month of the French Republican calendar (1793–1805), originally running from March 21 to April 19.

    • ‘Out went the old months - January to December - and in came Vendémiaire, Brumaire, Frimaire, Nivôse, Pluviôse, Ventôse, Germinal, Floréal, Prairial, Messidor, Thermidor and Fructidor.’
    • ‘A further law of 18 Germinal of the following year provided for the decimalisation of the new currency and the naming of it as the ‘franc’.’
    • ‘These ideas had a wide influence on the creation of the Franc Germinal (17 Germinal an XI, 7 April 1803) and on the law granting the Banque de France its monopoly on issuing banknotes.’