Definition of geography in English:



  • 1The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries.

    • ‘He studied languages and geography, developing a keen interest in other cultures.’
    • ‘He was 18 at the time and was well vested with history, geography and mathematics.’
    • ‘In astronomy and geography Arabic influence was even more pronounced.’
    • ‘It is a fact of geography that near the equator, the earth receives more energy from the sun.’
    • ‘It was the basis of military science and also of geography and administration.’
    • ‘These in turn led to advances in geography and cartography and the colonization of new lands.’
    • ‘It discusses topics such as geometry, geography and algebra with applications to the longitudes of the planets.’
    • ‘From his works we know that Kushyar was primarily an astronomer who wrote texts on astronomy and geography.’
    • ‘If I asked you to tell me three days later about a chapter you read in geography about weather cycles would you be able to tell me all the facts?’
    • ‘The expo has stalls on genome geography, genetic disorders and abuse of science.’
    • ‘A degree in geography won't affect your enjoyment of this film, but knowledge is its own reward.’
    • ‘Forty-four percent of eighth grade teachers reported that they were very prepared to teach geography.’
    • ‘Bonwick's first writings were school texts in geography and history.’
    • ‘New rules to be introduced will force cabbies to take lessons in everything from manners to regional geography.’
    • ‘As such, this book will most likely to appeal to readers with a bent towards geography and mathematics.’
    • ‘The theme is York's environment, which takes in science, geography, history and arts topics.’
    • ‘Upon further inquiries, I was told that humanities combines the study of geography and history.’
    • ‘For a work of economic geography, there are few maps, and none of them is very detailed.’
    • ‘Gemma Frisius applied his mathematical expertise to geography, astronomy and map making.’
    • ‘In fact, from pure geography, it is difficult to tell where the archipelago starts.’
    1. 1.1usually in singular The nature and relative arrangement of places and physical features.
      ‘knowing the geography and topology of the battlefield’
      • ‘And we are part of Europe by geography, by history, by economics and by choice.’
      • ‘China's economic geography was formerly heavily shaped by a socialist ideology that downplayed agglomeration economies.’
      • ‘Physically, the natural geography of the city resembles Scotland, with mountain ranges and lakes.’
      • ‘These are French names, which still sit here and are part of our geography.’
      • ‘Years later, when my father began to misplace his memory, he would knit together the geographies of the various cities in which he had lived.’
      • ‘Voting is also tied to geography here, so if you move and forget to register in your new city, you won't be able to vote when the time comes.’
      • ‘I think it's very important to know the geography of our planet.’
      • ‘We can certainly agree on the need for a map of Britain's new political and cultural geography.’
      • ‘Although this framework provides a powerful approach to understanding the historical geographies of places, such as Newcastle and Ladysmith, it is also ambitious.’
      • ‘Like other historians before her, Mein Smith errs when it comes to Northland geography.’
      • ‘They were concerned with the effects of geography on human emotions and behaviour.’
      • ‘Plans for economic expansion inevitably had sectarian implications, given the religious and political geography of the region.’
      • ‘Dwelling types are varied, and what are sometimes called regional types are often in reality associated with local geographies or, within a single zone, with rustic versus more modern styles.’
      • ‘It affected our language, our culture, our geography, our architecture and even the way we think.’
      • ‘We are linked by our people, by our history, by geography and by our economy.’
      • ‘The hollowing-out of the welfare state and the realignment of the various geographies of power, then, have to be seen as complex, and sometimes contradictory, processes.’
      • ‘Namibia is a diverse country, both in its geography and the composition of its population.’
      • ‘The electoral geography of the country remained static until the 1900s.’
      • ‘Benefits include not having to pay rent, seeing more of your good friends and getting to know local geography.’
      • ‘The political geography of the nineteenth-century city was a distinctive one.’
      arrangement, design, organization, make-up, shape
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Late 15th century: from French géographie or Latin geographia, from Greek geōgraphia, from gē ‘earth’ + -graphia ‘writing’.