One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Friendly and cheerful.‘waved to them in genial greeting’
friendly, affable, cordial, congenial, amiable, warm, easy-going, approachable, sympathetic, well disposed, good-natured, good-humoured, cheerful, cheery, neighbourly, hospitable, companionable, comradely, bluff, easy to get along withView synonyms
- ‘She was the most companionable, genial and impressionable member of the team, always bubbling with enthusiasm and high spirits.’
- ‘Food sources aside, the meal was a lot of fun, not least because of the genial company and the friendly service.’
- ‘Every holiday I have, I come back to Shanghai, I find life here is so much easier, the people are so genial and friendly.’
- ‘A genial and gracious host, and a conscientious hospital chaplain, he was to spend the next twelve years in these ministries.’
- ‘The husband was a tall and genial fellow, friendly, youthful and easy-going.’
- ‘In addition to gaining seriousness, the genial, good-natured boy becomes a sarcastic and bitter man.’
- ‘He is genial, intelligent, witty and an extrovert.’
- ‘To one and all, this most genial of personalities was affectionately known as Mickey.’
- ‘The talk among the crowd was genial and friendly, and when the guests of honour came into sight the women would shriek and hug them, and the men would shake their hands in congratulation.’
- ‘He is a genial companion, coaxing the reader through unfamiliar material and finding colour, humour and literary appeal in the most unlikely places.’
- ‘And eventually I came to realise that I was not the genial gentleman of my imaginings, but I was indeed a cad.’
- ‘It was a rare outburst from the 23-year-old, normally as genial and calm outside the ring as he is explosive in it.’
- ‘The interviews are shot on cameras so unobtrusive, and with a host so genial, that at times his guests genuinely seem to reveal their true selves.’
- ‘Indeed, the genial 50-year-old has a lot of friends throughout the close-knit UK network.’
- ‘With a genial approach but a firm hand, the galley is run with the efficiency of a five star restaurant.’
- ‘He's a smart, genial fellow but he seems more like a sympathetic bank manager than a king of comedy.’
- ‘We had a genial / helpful waiter who led us capably through the menu.’
- ‘Jack was there already, playing the genial host.’
- ‘They are a genial, amiable lot, and they come across as personable and excruciatingly ethical in the course of the series.’
- ‘Michael's genial good nature was very much to the fore at the Golf Club and he felt ‘at home’ here in more ways than one.’
- 1.1literary (especially of air or climate) pleasantly mild and warm.
- ‘He felt the students piled behind him surge out of the doors and walk around him hurriedly, as he stopped for a moment to breathe in the genial summer air.’
- ‘The sun shone with a genial warmth that added very materially to the enjoyment of the huge crowd.’
Mid 16th century: from Latin genialis ‘nuptial, productive’, from genius (see genius). The Latin sense was adopted into English; hence the senses ‘mild and conducive to growth’ (mid 17th century), later ‘cheerful, kindly’ (mid 18th century).
Relating to the chin.
- ‘A small rectangular bone cut is made inside the lower lip, below the gums and tooth roots, centered over the genial tubercle, above the inferior border of the jaw.’
Mid 19th century: from Greek geneion ‘chin’ (from genus ‘jaw’) + -al.
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