One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1(in informal use) a unit of heredity which is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.‘proteins coded directly by genes’
congenital characteristics, congenital traits, genetics, genetic make-up, genesView synonyms
- ‘Nowadays, the phrase is extended to mean the ability to pass on one's genes to one's offspring.’
- ‘If your genes code for grey hair at a later time, you will become grey as you get older.’
- ‘Karma helps to imprint a code on the soul, similar to the genetic code on the genes.’
- ‘The condition is rare and is caused by the inheritance of an abnormal gene from an affected parent.’
- ‘The child will be a carrier of the trait if only one gene from the parents is transmitted.’
- 1.1 (in technical use) a distinct sequence of nucleotides forming part of a chromosome, the order of which determines the order of monomers in a polypeptide or nucleic acid molecule which a cell (or virus) may synthesize.
- ‘The new analysis confirmed the existence of 1,098 protein-coding genes on the X chromosome.’
- ‘Proteins encoded by the abnormal genes are then identified and their interactions studied by pathway analyses and probable functions deduced.’
- ‘In other mollusks a relatively small number of mitochondrial genes are transcribed from the second strand.’
- ‘The accessory gland protein-coding genes were isolated in such a way that favors overrepresentation of highly expressed genes.’
- ‘Each of these species contains opsin genes which are not expressed in the adult retina.’
Early 20th century: from German Gen, from Pangen, a supposed ultimate unit of heredity (from Greek pan- ‘all’ + genos ‘race, kind, offspring’).
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