One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Consisting of identical adjacent speech sounds, especially consonants; doubled.‘consonants motivating a short vowel were all originally geminate’
- ‘Some geminates, however, are clearly more morphologically distinct than others are.’
Double or repeat (a speech sound)‘a medial liquid is geminated over two syllables’
- ‘Because gemination is common in Dravidian languages, double consonants in written English are often geminated: ‘sum-mer’ for summer and ‘sil-lee’ for silly.’
- ‘For many words, however, the most common misspelling seems to be to violate conservation of geminates, and write the word with no doubled consonants at all.’
- ‘Like English geminates and schwas, Hebrew matres lectionis have a more ambiguous relation to speech than graphemes that code consonants, for example, and are thus coded less effectively.’
Late Middle English: from Latin geminatus, past participle of geminare ‘double, pair with’, from geminus ‘twin’.
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