The principles and policies of Charles de Gaulle, characterized by their conservatism, nationalism, and advocacy of centralized government.
- ‘The politics of Gaullism, which has dominated French conservative political life since the war, is not mentioned in the entire charter.’
- ‘As President, perhaps his biggest achievement was to ensure that the Fifth Republic, and indeed Gaullism, could survive without de Gaulle.’
- ‘The old political and geographical divides between left and right, which Gaullism had effaced, also reappeared clearly.’
- ‘I doubt this is anything more than a bargaining ploy - all that stuff is too much wrapped up with embarrassing Gaullism and La Republique and those diagonal tricoloured sashes that French mayors wear to appeal to a modern European.’
- ‘Order had been restored with the strenuous efforts of the Stalinists, but de Gaulle, Gaullism, and Stalinism had been severely shaken.’
- ‘Like Gaullism in France, Communism in Italy had been excluded from the stabilisation of the post-1945 regime, forming an opposition in waiting, with a mass following, undiscredited by the degeneration of the system.’
- ‘Certainly, Gaullism and Communism were for all practical purposes extinct.’
- ‘Circumstances, though, made it more important for de Gaulle that the nationalist principles of Gaullism be observed.’
- ‘He concludes that he was fundamentally an ‘aesthete,’ who moved from Trotskyism to Gaullism but always remained ‘his own man.’’
- ‘He offered something approaching an American Gaullism - not a vision, but his own persona.’
- ‘The dominant ideologies were less statist Gaullism or statist socialism but a liberalism that had had a poor track record in France since the Revolution but that now penetrated the thinking of all the major parties.’
- ‘Now, Gaullism is dissolving and the natural currents of French politics are returning.’
- ‘His rediscovered Gaullism was one of the forces driving wavering Labour backbenchers into the lobbies to support the Prime Minister.’
- ‘His forceful opposition to the war caused renewed tensions and confirmed the Gaullism that is the bedrock of his political soul.’
- ‘Does Gaullism, a tempered nationalism adapted to the late twentieth century, have any significance beyond the borders of France?’
- ‘They regard his European course as an attack on French sovereignty and the traditions of Gaullism.’
- ‘But de Gaulle already had a well-developed view of history by the time he arrived in London, and Gaullism resulted from the way he interpreted the events of 1940 in the light of his longer-term understanding of France's history.’
- ‘Across the continent, Gaullism was clearly on the rise at the end of the 1990's.’
1940s: from French Gaullisme.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.