One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An amino acid which acts to inhibit the transmission of nerve impulses in the central nervous system.
Chemical formula: H₂NCH₂CH₂CH₂COOH
- ‘These effects are thought to occur by enhancing the actions of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the central nervous system.’
- ‘Phytosterols, a volatile oil, and amino acids, including gamma-aminobutyric acid and L-canavanine, have been isolated from the root.’
- ‘Hypoxia increases central nervous system levels of specific neuroinhibitors such as endogenous opioids, adenosine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid.’
- ‘Important neurotransmitters that are created from amino acids include serotonin and gamma-aminobutyric acid.’
- ‘Instead, the etiology of the disorder is related to abnormalities of serotonin, norepinephrine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, dopamine, and cholecystokinin.’
Early 20th century: gamma indicating the relative position of amino on the third carbon away from the acid group.
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