Definition of Gaelic in US English:

Gaelic

adjective

  • Relating to the Goidelic languages, particularly the Celtic language of Scotland, and the culture associated with speakers of these languages and their descendants.

    • ‘My mother, a Gaelic speaker, came from the area and used to sing me songs about the castle.’
    • ‘As the boy aged, the stories turned into lessons about both Irish culture and the beautiful Gaelic language.’
    • ‘Its ancient Gaelic language is struggling to survive, despite subsidy and encouragement, on the geographic fringes to which it was relegated.’
    • ‘The awards are to recognise those clubs that ‘are doing so much to promote Gaelic games and culture and carrying out tremendous work for the youth of our country’.’
    • ‘He suggests that the immigrant was critically burdened by a Gaelic culture, which had been dislocated from its homeland and stranded in an alien environment.’
    • ‘These people eventually became completely Celticised sharing a common culture and a common Gaelic language.’
    • ‘There have been some quibbles with the method, but there are links to other Gaelic sites here.’
    • ‘There's also a need to protect Gaelic language and culture.’
    • ‘This book will celebrate contemporary Gaelic culture in both countries and the process of producing it will renew an old relationship.’
    • ‘O'Curry's two Irish lecture series amount to an authoritative interpretation of Gaelic society and culture.’
    • ‘The last ferocious attack on the Gaelic language was in the application of the 1872 Education Act, which was intolerant of all but English.’
    • ‘She is involved with primary and tertiary education and the preservation of Gaelic culture and language.’
    • ‘It would give the event high profile, and we are always endeavouring to engage the Gaelic community and culture in any advances we are making.’
    • ‘The old building was highly praised by Gaelic lobbyists for the fact that the signs were in the two languages, and that the Gaelic language was clear on all of them.’
    • ‘People with Scottish connections have a huge interest in Gaelic culture and language.’
    • ‘What the island lacked in the ways of material comfort was amply made up by the richness of its Gaelic culture and its community spirit.’
    • ‘The rhythm, harmony and melody of the music are drawn from the sounds of nature, mixed with the cadence of the Gaelic language.’
    • ‘From this background, it is not difficult to speculate about the extent of her contact with Irish or Scottish fishermen, possibly even Gaelic speakers.’
    • ‘This would amount to about three hours per day, with repeats and English language programmes of interest to Gaelic speakers on top of that.’
    • ‘The theatre network is expanding, the professional traditional music scene has gone ballistic, there's a real confidence, and that's before you begin to talk about the Gaelic culture.’

noun

  • 1A Goidelic language brought from Ireland in the 5th and 6th centuries AD and spoken mainly in the highlands and islands of western Scotland.

    • ‘By the 11th century Scots Gaelic was used throughout Scotland, except for the Hebrides and the Northern Isles which remained under Norse control.’
    • ‘The bill will not establish Gaelic as an official language throughout Scotland.’
    • ‘Irish Gaelic is a Celtic language closely related to Scottish Gaelic.’
    • ‘In Scotland, Gaelic also has official status, but on a much more limited scale.’
    • ‘In that culture, there's also another language, Gaelic, which my ancestors spoke.’
    • ‘Gaelic is a Celtic language that probably was introduced by Celts in the last few centuries B.C.E. Similar to Scottish Gaelic, it shares common structures with Welsh and Breton.’
    • ‘Resurgence of interest in Scottish Gaelic in the 1990s has been given a boost by the establishing of Scotland's own Parliament, for the first time in 300 years.’
    • ‘Economically, it has been depressed and the local language, Gaelic, has virtually disappeared.’
    • ‘In the framework of a number of European project initiatives it has been possible to investigate the development of Scottish Gaelic in local detail for the past 125 years.’
    • ‘It gives something, an artform, to people which they would never access except in Scotland and in Gaelic.’
    • ‘What the Pacific scheme would aim to do would be bring forward a generation with Gaelic as its first language.’
    • ‘The latest census figures suggest fewer than 60,000 Scots speak Gaelic, compared to more than 250,000 over a century ago.’
    • ‘Highland games are common, Gaelic is widely spoken in Nova Scotia, and Winnipeg has 25 Scottish societies.’
    • ‘The language spoken was not Gaelic as we now know it, but a form of Celtic spoken by the Welsh, Cornish and Breton people.’
    • ‘Thereafter though Scotland was immersed in a Babel of languages, including Gaelic, Welsh, Anglo - Saxon, Old Norse and Old French.’
    • ‘Now I found some interesting comments, as I looked through newspaper articles and so on, on all that's been happening just over the last few months in Scotland about Gaelic.’
    • ‘There was little use speaking Gaelic in England, Scotland or America.’
    • ‘Only three people out of almost 50 in the room speak Gaelic as their first language.’
    • ‘First of all, he effected a reorientation of attitudes to the country's two indigenous languages, the Scots Gaelic of the Highlands and Islands and the vernacular Scots of the Borders and Lowlands.’
    • ‘They specialise in Scottish Gaelic, although the method is applicable to any language.’
    1. 1.1
      another term for Irish (the language)
      • ‘Either of these would be a good exchange for any book tokens you may have lying around, and the latter has a very useful checklist of Scotland's native flora, with names listed in Latin, English, Gaelic and Scots.’
      • ‘The Irish Pastoral Center offers classes in Irish dance and in Gaelic.’
      • ‘The move is controversial, because wholesale borrowings of English words into Gaelic have been seen as a sign of weakness in the Celtic language.’
      • ‘He was educated at Christian Brother's Schools in Dublin and took Gaelic, English, Latin and maths as his honour subjects in his final year.’
      • ‘Its distinctive features come from Norse, Gaelic and French.’
      • ‘They have what we can call ‘communicative competence’ even though their grammatical competence in Gaelic is weak.’
      • ‘As the hours slowly passed, he rocked back and forth, muttering prayers first in Latin, then in Gaelic, then in English.’
      • ‘Many Gaelic speakers died in the Great Famine of the 1840s, and Gaelic was replaced by English, which was needed to achieve social mobility.’
      • ‘As I climbed, I caught some words that he was muttering, but they were old Gaelic and I didn't understand.’
      • ‘However, unlike English and Gaelic, Scots words are frequently spelt in a variety of ways, leading to problems in drawing up a recognised system.’
      • ‘Both English and Gaelic are taught in primary school (called National School).’
      • ‘We then transcribed the recording in English and Gaelic.’
      • ‘Learners of Gaelic are often plagued by the traditional rules of grammar.’
      • ‘She was doing her best at translating the Gaelic in the letter the Cardinal had given her, and although she could tell most of the words, the sentences were nothing but nonsense.’
      • ‘The actors, including the children, had to be Gaelic speakers - each scene was filmed twice: in both English and Gaelic.’
      • ‘The room was mixed with conversations in Gaelic, Roman, Galic, and Frankish.’
      • ‘For many performers it was a statement of identity, allied to a desire for constitutional change and the need to maintain languages such as Welsh, Gaelic, Breton and Erse, threatened with extinction.’
      • ‘The website has more information on it in English than in Gaelic, for example.’
      • ‘For every student sitting key exams who was fluent in the language in 1999, there are now two speakers of Gaelic.’
      • ‘I could not understand what they were saying because it was all in Gaelic.’

Pronunciation

Gaelic

/ˈɡeɪlɪk//ˈɡālik/