Definition of gabion in English:

gabion

noun

  • A wirework container filled with rock, broken concrete, or other material, used in the construction of dams, retaining walls, etc.

    • ‘In front of the winery facades, the architects placed gabions, or wire containers filled with stones.’
    • ‘At many construction sites along the highway, Ku and thousands of workers used cobbles, which are densely packed in gabions, to build firm and solid embankments.’
    • ‘Following public concern over the disaster, gabions - wire cages filled with stone - were positioned at the bottom of the M62 embankment to prevent another vehicle running off the motorway on to the railway.’
    • ‘Kuo said the slope remained stable during Mindulle because a permeable structure consisting of large stones wrapped in gabions, or metal cylinders, prevented any landslides.’
    • ‘Immediately after the explosion, the besiegers could assault the fortress or extend their sap trenches into the crater and reinforce them with gabions.’
    • ‘The new residential estate that featured the gabions (stones in wire cages) was attractive also together with new estate with pleasant green areas on the Kilmallock approach.’
    • ‘At the end of the project, therefore, the first gabion is connected with the last gabion, no matter how many baskets are used in the construction, creating a monolithic gravity mass structure.’
    • ‘A metal plate is embedded between the gabions for fire protection.’
    • ‘With environmental issues now of more concern than in the past, gabions offer a more natural solution to previously designed concrete walls and channels.’
    • ‘From factor 5, it appears that the bridge has been scored with reference to the gabions put in place by the Highways Agency after the accident.’
    • ‘She's also been experimenting with gabions, rectangular wire-mesh baskets filled with rocks that are used to shore up riverbanks in the West and beyond.’
    • ‘Hy-Ten designs and supplies gabions in both welded mesh and woven mesh, click on the links below to find out more about our product ranges.’
    • ‘The lower blocks are in concrete clad in gabions filled with site granite; roofs are planted with indigenous flora.’
    • ‘For example, ecological engineering methods such as using gabions or pilings tied together with nets to protect hillsides produce softer structures, while bridge columns or dam structures require stiffer designs.’
    • ‘Our gabions are made from prefabricated Class III zinc-coated 9 or 11 gauge welded wire mesh fabric with a 3’ x 3’ spacing, and may be field cut to fit curves, culverts, or angles.’
    • ‘Cobbles are densely confined in gabions to form substantial units of amenity embankments.’
    • ‘A plan to place rock-filled wire gabions to shore up the coastline was denied by the local town council because of the area's environmental sensitivity.’
    • ‘An elliptical forecourt, lined to left and right with gabions, is scarcely preparation for what happens at the top of the generous ramp which leads up through the portico.’
    • ‘The modular nature of the gabion means that it can be used in a vast array of applications and configurations.’
    • ‘In several cases, the concrete rubble and rock have been used in place of concrete or gabions to build weirs that slow water velocity to control downcutting of the wash channel.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: via French from Italian gabbione, from gabbia ‘cage’, from Latin cavea.

Pronunciation

gabion

/ˈɡeɪbiən//ˈɡābēən/