Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1Thick, durable twilled cloth with a short nap, usually dyed in dark colors.
boasting, bragging, empty talk, idle talk, bombast, fustianView synonyms
- ‘But over time the demand for fustian died away and the trade ceased, as did the skill of grass-cutting.’
- ‘Trousers were still made of corduroy; or of moleskin (a cotton pile fabric with a weave based on that for satin); and jackets were still made of fustian.’
- ‘In the early nineteenth century, as earlier, most British working-class women made their families' clothes, from cotton calicoes for dresses and shirts, and from fustian for trousers and jackets.’
- ‘The woven stripe fabric is a cotton-linen mixture, possibly a fabric known as fustian.’
- ‘Apparel made of fustian, canvas, leather, and wool is always deemed appropriate for those of the ‘inferior sort’.’
- ‘Also appearing in period dress and timeless fustian are Roy Scheider, Patrick Bergin, David Alan Grier, and Steven Bauer.’
- ‘Most outer garments made of fustian were included among the garb of these people.’
- ‘As for the rest of the people, for the fustian weavers and the farmers in their small crofts, the argument about who ran the country - the King alone by God's appointment, or King in Parliament, was less important than earning a crust.’
- ‘Some wore velvet jackets and fustian trousers.’
- ‘It's dangerous to assume that we have to wrap Shakespeare up in fustian costumes.’
- ‘And he showed them the object he had tucked into the belt that kept his robes of rough brown fustian from flapping in the breeze.’
- ‘These fabrics became affordable when duty on fustian was lifted in 1785.’
2Pompous or pretentious speech or writing.‘a smoke screen of fustian and fantasy’
affected, ostentatious, chichi, showy, flashy, tinselly, conspicuous, flaunty, tasteless, kitschyView synonyms
- ‘If you do, you are miles away from my opinion, for I hold that Homer no more dreamed of all this allegorical fustian than Ovid in his Metamorphoses dreamed of the Gospel.’
- ‘One of the champions of self-exposure is Henry James, who often stitches together a few scraps of dialog with acres of inner fustian.’
- ‘It reminds a reader that, unlike the surrounding fustian, this little piece of language is to be treated with reflective care.’
- ‘There's no time for such sorry fustian in the world of the canny academic careerist.’
- ‘Without doubt the ranting fustian of men vying for a woman makes the threat seem laughable.’
Middle English: from Old French fustaigne, from medieval Latin fustaneum, from (pannus) fustaneus cloth from Fostat a suburb of Cairo; fustian perhaps from the fact that fustian was sometimes used to cover pillows and cushions, implying that the language was “padded”; compare with bombast.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.